ALL Vise Patents - 1790-1873
#X004271 - vice used in cutting combs, Pratt, Philo on November 22, 1825 Mereden, CT - Link to early Meriden history on the business. The Pratt's were in the Ivory Comb Business during this time. In 1825, the company name was Julius Pratt & Co. In 1831, Walter Webb & Co. took over. Philo took over the business as Philo Pratt & Co. in 1836 but it was absorbed again by Walter Webb & Co. shortly thereafter.
#X004347 - improvement called the perpetual lever vice, Wing, Calvin on March 2, 1826
A newspaper article from June 8, 1826 describes the vise:
Calvin Wing, of Gardner, Maine, has recently made an improvement in the vise, by substituting a double compound lever for the screw. It occupies less room than the vise now in use, and saves the delay in fitting the instrument to the dimensions operated upon.
In 1830 Mr. Wing invented a "Reacting Cast Iron Water Wheel" that was manufactured by Howard Nott & Company of Albany, NY and J. F. King of Waterford.
#X005217 - socket vice, Hemenway, Luther on September 4, 1828 Sullivan, NH
Description of the invention from the 1828 Franklin Institute publication. Note that this document spells his last name as "Hemminway":
The socket vice may be made of any size, according to the use to which it is to be applied, and of metal or wood. When made to be used as a socket for awls, it should be of steel; its whole length should be about two inches and three-fourths; one end, for about three-fourths of an inch, should be round, and about one-fourth of an inch in diameter; beginning three-eighths of an inch from the end, it should taper slightly to the end, upon which, for the same distance, a screw should be cut; it should then diminish, and again increase in diameter, in both cases slightly, and gradually; at three-fourths of an inch from the end it is flattened abruptly, forming a shoulder on two sides, and is made tapering on the two edges, to the other end, where it is pointed; a hole is made longitudinally into the round end, about three-fourths of an inch deep; it is then cut twice transversely from the end to the bottom of the hole, dividing it into four equal parts; a hollow screw or nut, adapted to the vice, is screwed upon this end, compressing it so as to hold, firmly, the shank of the awl; the outside shape of the nut should be square, so that it may, by means of a small wrench, be easily screwed on or off. The pointed end of the socket vice, may be inserted in a handle of wood, so far as to the commencement of the screw. When made for other uses, the size and the form of the shank may be varied, to suit such uses.
#X006144 - Vice, stock and hand, Enoch D. McCord, October 1, 1830, Sandy Hill, NY - **Please see our Early Vise Makers page for details on Mr. McCord.
#X007953 - superior vice, Lang, James on January 10, 1834 Harrison County, PA
##NOTE## This should actually be James LONG, of Harrison County, VA, as referenced by the 1834 Journal of the Franklin Institute. The following is the text from the Franklin Institute review:
This is a wooden vice, denominated by the patentee the "Superior Vice," and since there is no standard given by which to judge, and there are undoubtedly some which are inferior to it, the name need not be objected to. It is to be tightened by a wedge, and is to be used by wheelwrights, coach-makers, joiners, etc., instead of that usually tightened by a screw. Like other wooden vices, it has two upright jaws, one of which is to be made fast to the bench, whilst the other works upon a joint at its lower end; this, which is the front jaw, has a mortise through it at the part usually appropriated to the screw; and a long tenon, which is firly attached to the back jaw, passes loosely through this mortise, and receives wedges which tighten the jaw, or cheek.
When the wedge is to be removed the jaw is opened by placing the foot upon a treadle at its lower end, which, when pressed down, bears against a friction roller in the back jaw. A spring is so fixed as to close it when the foot is taken off the treadle. We are told that by facing the inside of the jaws with steel, this will be found to be a very cheap and useful vice for a blacksmith; there are, however, but few blacksmiths, we believe, who would be willing to use it, if they could procure one of iron.
The patentee sets forth the good qualities of his invention very much at large, but as its construction will be easily understood, we leave it to tell its own tale.
889 - Mode of Constructing Metal Bench Vises, Thomas & James Keane, Haverstraw, NY - According to the Franklin Institute, the brothers had another patent in 1838 that appears to describe a machine/method for cutting screws. Also, a William Keane (deceased) also invented a method for cutting screws in 1836, which was reissued to his administrator, Mr. Thaddeus Sellick of Haverstraw in 1838.
2,315 - Method of Making the Jaws of Vises, William Sim, Schenectady, NY **Also spelled "Simm"
3,212 - Vise, Elbridge G. Matthews, Worcester, MA, Assigned to John J. Markham
3,384 - Bench-Vise, Jeremiah Peck, Waterbury, CT // According to this note, made by J. S. Griffing of New Haven, CT // The linked article also notes the vise is sold by Quincy & Delapiere of NY, Geo. H. Gray & Co. of Boston, Curtis & Hand of Philadelphia, and Way & Brothers of Hartford, CT. The Franklin Institute Journal from 1848 (Pages 133/134) contains a comprehensive write-up on the vise, as well as a picture. Note that this article lists Mr. L. Pardee as a co-inventor. We found an invention (Patent #5713) but it does not seem to match. However, given the original patent drawing showing a bench vise operated by a wheel attached to the main screw, when compared with that shown in the Franklin Institute representation, Mr. Pardee's contribution was likely integration of the the table and treadle to operate the vise.
3,670 - Bench or Standing Vise (Post), Lauren M. Peck, Philadelphia, PA **
4,053 - Parallel Bench Vise, W. H. Taylor & Anson P Norton, Waterville, NY **According to this article, manufactured by A. M. Badger of Rochester, NY. According to the Baltimore Journal of 1/23/1847, Mr. J. S. Eastman also posessed the rights, and manufactured this vise in Maryland.
9,294 - Vise, William Butler, Little Falls, NY
14,192 - Bench Vise, Samuel Gissinger, Allegheny City, PA - In the 3/22/1856 edition of the New York Tribune, the patent rights are being offered for sale and it is noted that a model of the vise can be seen at the office of T. Culbertson.
14,603 - Vise, Orlando V. Florey, Yellow Springs, OH // Reissued in 1865 under RE 2126 - Vise for Carpenters' Use.
38,273 - Improvement in Vises, Norman Allen, West Meriden, CT
45,693 - Improved Vise, Amos H. Brainard, Dorchester, MA
73,944 - Improved Vise, Samuel S. Barnaby, Macon, GA
76,584 - Improvement in Vises, Charles Barnes, Cincinatti, OH
78,565 - Improvement in Vises, Quimby S. Backus, Winchendon, MA
82,073 - Improved Vise, Thomas L. Baylies & Edwin Crawley, Richmond, IN
88,834 - Improved Vise, Jonas D. Beck, Liberty, PA
91,065 - Improved Vise, Alban Andren, Gottenburg, Sweden
91,068 - Improved Vise, Quimby S. Backus, Winchendon, MA
91,199 - Improvement in Vises, Noyes Baldwin, Buffalo, NY
96,189 - Vise, Jonas D. Beck, Liberty, PA **NOTE: Google doc error
104,541 - Improved Vise, Jonas D. Beck, Liberty, PA
Listed under Vises
Listed under Bench Clamps (also vises)