Tool Manufacturers, Brands and Contract Production

This is a running list of Tool manufacturers, brands, specialized markings and suppliers.  In the near future, we will be converting this into indexed and searchable content enabling users to simply type in a name they find on a tool, and bring up relevant information on suppliers and/or manufacturers, as well as append relevant examples if they exist in our database.  We think this resource could prove invaluable for the tool collector community.  Please use the comment function at the bottom of this page to contribute to this ever-growing list.

A & E Manufacturing (Racine, WI) - Contract Production for:

  • Armstrong (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Craftsman (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Klein (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Snap-On (Ratcheting DBE)
  • OTC (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Williams (Ratcheting DBE)

   Sub-Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

A & E Manufacturing Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Raymond C. Agner Co. (Burlington, WI) ​ - Incorporated October of 1912 to manufacture the inventions of R. C. Agner, such as the Simplex adjustable spark plug wrench and Simplex grease / oil gun.  Officers at founding are Edward Brook - Pres., Hugh Agner - Sec., George Weiir - Treas., and R. C. Agner - GM.  We did not find a patent for the wrench between 1910 and 1914.  The grease / oil gun was patented in 1909 and plans to build a factory were announced at that time.  Articles of dissolusion were filed 9/18/1920, likely changed their name to the Agner Simplex Company. 

1913 article explaining the Simplex Wrench.

Agner grease cup ca. 1913.

  • Simplex (Adjustable Spark Plug Wrench)
  • Agner (Wrenches)

Raymond Agner Patents

Adjustable Wrench & Specialty Manufacturing Company (Oshkosh, WI) - Incorporated in IL on May 3, 1904 by P. M. Knippenberg, F. W. Hahn and L. J. Husson.  They produced wrenches based on a patent from 5/12/1903.  Mr. Knippengerg is also President of the Knippenberg Manufacturing Company of Oshkosh, which predominately produces products against the patents of Mssrs. Knippenberg and Husson.

Patent #728,007 by William H. Preston - Wrench - Assigned to Knippenberg

Akron Tool Company (Akron, OH) - Formed after acquiring The Sterling Wrench Company assets and patents - 9/18/1889

Directors and Officers elected 2/2/1890: Directors: Geo. W. Crouse, H. M. Hauser, F. Schumacher, F. M. Atterholt.  Officers: Hiram Kendall - Pres., F. M. Atterholt - VP, H. M. Hauser - Sec., Chas. A. Bower - Treas., and W. E. Taft - GM.

2/17/1890 - Taft resigns as GM, Bower takes over GM position.

12/1890 - Manufacturing Wheel and Charging Barrows for Grant McNeil.  8/1892 Mr. McNeil passed away, Akron Tool Co. purchased the rights to the charging barrow and the wheel barrow rights went to the J. C. McNeil Co.

- Also manufacturer of the Krause Cultivator (10/9/1889 article).

- 6/24/1927 - Reincorporated as the Akron Twist Drill Company.

Akron Wrench Company (Akron, OH) - Formed to manufacture J. R. Long patented wrench(s).  Note that this article also documents the production of the John R. Long patented universal double and single swivel vises by Pittsburgh Automatic Vise Co.  Incorporated 8/10/1906 by John R. Long, Walter R. Talbot, William A. Bynder, Oliver A. Sorrick, and Webb William Webb.  Note that just 2 months later the company appears to be being referred to as The J. R. Long Wrench Company.  It appears that this company never actually came to fruition.  The announcement was "forecasting" the pending formation of the company.

Allan-Diffenbaugh Wrench & Tool Works (Baraboo, WI) - Formed by Allen C. Allan and William A. Diffenbaugh, possibly succeeding A. C. Allan & Co.  Articles of incorporation filed 5/6/1920.  Incorporators are Allen C. Allan, Louis M. Allan, and Adolph Andro.  The company initially set up in the Elkington Building in Baraboo. In 1922, the company offered inducements to the town of Appleton, WI in an attempt to relocate their factory.  The success or failure of this effort is unknown.  On October 1, 1922, Lorenz Maisel tool over as GM of the company.  He had previously been with the Madison Tool & Stamping Works.  By 1927, they appear to be in bankruptcy.

DATAMP patents for Allen C. Allan

Here is an article from International Steam Engineer from 1921 which includes a picture of the inside of the plant. 

Article from the September 1920 edition of Railway Locomotives & Cars describing the Automatic Wrench. 

Article from October 1920 edition of Commercial America, one of the first for the Kant-Slip Plier / Wrench.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Kant-Slip (Wrenches) (1920-1923)

The Allen Manufacturing Co. (Hartford, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Allens (Socket Wrenches)

----- Go Here for Company History

Allen Wrench & Tool Co. (Providence, RI) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Allen Eureka (Socket Wrenches, Ratchet) (1916-1922)
  • Allen Friction (Socket Wrenches, Ratchet) (1913-1922)
  • Allen Universal (Ratchet Wrenches & Wrench Sets) (1915-1922)

Allen Wrench & Tool Co. Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

American Blacksmith Company (Buffalo, NY) - June, 1904 American Blacksmith advert.

American Grinder Mfg. Co. (Milwaukee, WI) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Blackhawk (Wrenches, Socket Wrenches, Ratchets, Sockets)

American Grinder Patents

----- Exhaustive Research Located Here

American Wrench Company (Washington, DC) - Organized 1/16/1905 

American Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Chartered 7/3/1921 (DE) by William W. Johnson, Otto L. Erickson, and Thomas H. Landswick.

American Wrench Company (New York, NY) -​ Incorporated 9/6/1907 by I. J. Mengley, Henry Hasier, and Henry T. Rodman.

American Wrench Company (Portland, ME)  ​- Incorporated 7/9/1880

Bradford F. Lancaster Patent #325,942 - Wrench - Assigned 1/2 to Richard W. Black

Anchor Wrench Company (Milldale, CT) Link to Article

Anderson Ratchet Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 3/6/1915 by Anton T. Anderson, William Daniel, and Calvin R. Ocker.  8/15/1915 is the final advertisement found.

The Anderson Wrench Co. (Portland, CT) - The March, 1910 edition of Iron Age reports that the business of the Anderson Coupling Company will split.  The "coupling" business was purchased by interested parties in Hartford, while the plier and wrench business will reorganize as the Anderson Wrench Company.  Incorporation paperwork was filed 3/15/1910.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Turn-More (Adjustables) 1907-1921) By Simplex Mfg. Co. (New York, NY)

----- As reported in The Metal Worker, Volume 73, this company Incorporated on April 30, 1910.  This company took over the wrench and plier product of the Anderson Coupling Co.  Anderson Coupling Co. also manufactured curb and corporation cocks, couplings and valves, who's production was taken over by the Pratt & Cady Co.  We find records for The Anderson Coupling Co. back to 1899.  The final mention we can find for The Anderson Wrench Co. is in 1922.  In November of 1921, Iron Age Magazine reports the dissolution of the company.

Ariz Wrench Company (Prescott or Jerome?, AZ) - Incorporated 7/13/1903 by E. D. & W. Treadwell, and C. E. Nathhorst. 

Lafayette W. Johnson Patent #717,579 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Chas. E. Nathhorst and Chas. W. Woods.

Armstrong Brothers Tool Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Armaloy (Used for almost everything Armstrong Made)
  • Armide (Cutting Tools)
  • Armoil (Cutting Tool Lubricant)

Armstrong Brothers Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Art Metal Works (Newark, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

-------- Leased the Birkenhauer & Bauman "Old Fashioned" brewery building at S. Orange Ave. and Morris Ave. in Newark in January of 1919.  The article states they come from Aronson Square.  Louis V. Aronson - Pres (1935).  Mr. Aronson's obituary (11/3/1940) states he passed at 71 years old and founded the company when he was 16.  Based on this information, the company was founded in 1885. However, many other sources note the founding of the company in the mid 1890's.  They made 50M buttons and other docorations for WWI uniforms.  Inventor of the Ronson lighter, time fuse for air dropped bombs, and many other innovations.  Alexander Harris took over as president after Aronson's passing.  Here's an excellent article on the history of the company.  This article from October, 1949 calls the company "Ronson Art Metal Works."  It also states that they sell some lighters for $5,000, in 1949.  Still in business as Ronson, making lighters.

Art Metal Works Patents

​Ashland Wrench Company (Ashland, OH) - Incorporated 9/18/1911 by Sam Miller and others.  The September 28, 1911 edition of Iron Age announces the company, and adds John Garbrill to the organizer list.  It also states the new wrench is currently made by W. E. Golden of Fremont, OH.  Other publications add J. W. Roth, David L. Mohn, and J. Gordon Fluke to the founders. 

William E. Golden Patent #967,899 - Wrench

The Atha Tool Co. Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Horseshoe (Chisels, Axes, Hammers, Tongs) (1911-1921)

Atha Tool Co. Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Athol Machine Co. (Athol, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Rapid Transit (Adjustables) (1902-1922)

Athol Machine Co. Patents 

----- Go here for Athol Machine Co. History

Atlas Pipe Wrench Company (San Francisco, CA) - Incorporated 5/27/1899 by Richard O'Connor, Joseph M. O'Brien, Thomas J. Wattson, Hugh Keenan, and Thomas E. Ryan. (Note the incorporators mostly match those of The Hercules Pipe Wrench Co.)  7/1/1900 newspaper article on the Atlas Pipe Wrench.  Another article for the same exhibition of the wrenches notes that their Works are in New Haven, CT. 

Article explaining the wrench from The Metal Worker of August 4, 1900.

Auburn Rex Wrench Company (Auburn, NY) - Incorporated 9/29/1897 by J. C. Schreck, F. A. Van De Water, C. I. Mam, and J. L. Eddy of Auburn, and F. J. Jenny of Utica.  No further articles regarding this company were found.

Augusta Wrench Company (Augusta, ME) - 9/1/1886 - report states they manufacture the patents of "The Spaulding Bros. of Belgrade."  Report also states the Spaulding Bros. make all the wooden wrench handles for the Augusta Wrench Co.  

Article on the Augusta Wrench from Building Age, October, 1887.

Patent #357,869 by Albion K. and Alpheus M. Spaulding - Nut Wrench

- 10/21/1886 article "seems" to indicate forgings are produced by Field & Cranshaw.  Unverified.

- Final mention in newspapers is April, 1887.

Automatic Adjustable Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Organized ca. 10/1904 by Robert E. Petrie (wrench inventor), M. H. Murphy, and Charles A. Gleason.  A year later they are locating at a Cotton Mill at Sears, Rock Island, IL.  This appears to be the final mention of the company.  We were also unable to locate the purported Petrie patent.

Automatic Transmission Co. (Lima, OH) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Any Angle (Adjustables) (1919-1922)

----- Mostly due to the company name, we have not found any directly attributable information on this company.

Automatic Wrench Company (Newark, NJ) - Chartered 9/26/1921 by Frank Smith, Mary McAndrew, and John McAndrew.  Final mention appears to be April, 1924.

Automatic Wrench Manufacturing Co. (Boston, MA) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Barnsley (Adjustables) 1915-1920)

------Founded (or incorporated) last week of February, 1915 by Thomas A Barnard, Edward A. Barnard, and Mildred E. Grover

Azadian Gauge Mfg. Co. (Syracuse, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Auto King (Wrenches) (1913-1917)

----- We have not been able to find the formation date of this company.  However, this bibliography, published in 1906, provides a biography of it's founder Harutun B. Azadian.  In 1916, The Heating & Ventilating Magazine reports the company was merged into Syracuse Faucet & Valve Co.  At some point before 1920, the aforementioned companies were purchased by the Pierce Mfg. Corp.

Ball Bearing Wrench Company (Washington, DC) - Incorporated 8/25/1904 by Charles B. Talbert, George W. Coldenstroth, and Louis P. Keller.  Mentioned in newspapers back to 2/1897 in New York.  Final mention in newspapers is their incorporation notice.

Barcalo Manufacturing Co. (Buffalo, NY) - Contract Production for:

  • Montgomery Ward-Eclipse
  • None Better (New Britain) (Wrenches)
  • Powr-Kraft
  • Wards-Lakeside
  • Western Auto Stores

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Barcaloy (1947-1964)
  • Barcalo-Buffalo (1914 - ??)
  • King Dick (Wrenches) (1920-1922)

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • Forged Chrome - Molybdenum
  • Chrome Molybdenum
  • Forged Vanadium
  • Chrome Vanadium Steel
  • Forged - Barcaloy - Steel
  • Forged - Alloy

Barcalo Mfg. Co. Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Barnes Tool Co. (New Haven, CT)

  • Barnes (Wrenches)

------According to VintageMachinery.org, the company was founded by Elbridge F. Barnes in 1883.  We have found the obituary for the founder's son, George Francis Barnes who was noted as the President (succeeding his father) of Barnes Tool Co. until at least 1957, two years before his passing.  See below link for more information from Vintage Machinery.

Here is the link to Vintage Machinery's record for this company which includes historical and patent information.

Barwick Wrench Company - ca. 1872 - An advertisement from 1901 notes the "Barwick Wrench" is made by Billings & Spencer.  This advertisement from 1903 notes the same but also contains a picture of the plier/wrench.  Another article on Barwick wrenches from the October, 1872 edition of The Technologist. 

William Henry Barwick Patents:

Baxter Wrench Co. (New York, NY) ca. 185? 

DATAMP Patents for William Baxter

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Diagonal
  • "S"

The Belden Machine Co. Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Hayden (Pipe Wrenches)

----- Begins appearing in 1890, seems to disappear around 1923.

Belding Wrench Co. (Brattleboro, VT) ca. 1879

Bell Wrench Company (Tulsa, OK) - Incorporated 7/8/1919 by W. E. Bell, A. B. Nesbitt, and T. D. Brown.

Bemis & Call Hardware & Tool Co. (Springfield, MA) - Contract Production for:

  • Sears - Fulton

  Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • B & C (Wrenches)
  • Briggs (Adjustables)
  • Coes (Adjustables)
  • Key-Model (Adjustables)
  • Knife-Handle (Adjustables)
  • Merrick (Adjustables)
  • Star 91 (Adjustables)

Bemis & Call Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Bergman Tool Mfg. Co. (Buffalo, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Bergman Tool Mfg. Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

The Best Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 7/13/1897 by Ira B. Tripp, E. C. Hawley, and J. L. Healy. 

Article on "The Best" wrench from The Metal Worker November, 1897

Bettcher Mfg. Co. (Cleveland, OH)

  • Bettcher (Wrenches)

This company existed from at least 1905 to at least 1959.  They appeared to manufacture washing machines as their main product.

The Billings & Spencer Co. (Hartford, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Life-Time
  • B inside Triangle
  • B & S (Adjustable Wrenches, Pliers)
  • Billings Improved (Adjustable Wrenches)
  • Hayden (Pliers - Slip joint combos)
  • Vitalloy

   Contract Production For:

  • Craftsman - Craftsman Vanadium Steel / Chrome-Vanadium (Wrenches)
  • Mack (Wrenches)
  • Draper (Wrenches)

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • DUO-FORGED
  • Chrome Molybdenum

Billings & Spencer Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Bindley Automatic Wrench Company (Pittsburgh, PA) - (New York, NY) - Incorporated in NY 1/4/1895 - Incorporators are Josiah Bindley, Frank J. Kimball, and Arthur H. Walton of New York, and Evan Jones and Fred Gamble of Pittsburgh.  Last mentioned in newspapers 12/1899.

​B-L Wrench Company (Boston, MA) ​- We believe the "B-L" stands for Baston - Leavitt.  Organized ca. 1903.  The B-L wrench is based on Patent #765,583 by Claude F. Leavitt, and assigned to Ephraim K. Baston on 7/19/1904.  An article appearing in a 1904 edition of Domestic Engineering and the Journal of Mechanical Contracting ​announces the formation of the E. K. Baston Co. to take over the business of the B-L Wrench Company.

Advertisement from The Plumbers Trade Journal - January 1, 1908.

Article from 1903 explaining the B L Wrench.

Blackhawk Manufacturing (Milwaukee, WI) - Contract Production for:

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Lock-On (WRENCHES AND TWISTING TOOL SETS FOR NUT, STUD, AND BOLT DRIVING​)
  • Wedgie (Metal Bending and Straightening Tools)
  • Flex-Head (Heads for Hydraulic Jacks)
  • Treasure Chest (Tool Kit with Box)
  • HeXo (Wrenches)
  • Hexite (Wrenches, 7/16" drive sockets) (~1937 - 1955)
  • Nuggies (7/16 Drive Tools & Sockets) (~1940-1955)

All Blackhawk Patents

----- Exhaustive Research Located Here

Bog Manufacturing (Chicago, IL) - Contract Production for:

  • Hinsdale
  • Plomb

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Big Boy (Wrenches)

----- Go Here for Company History

Boker Cutlery & Hardware Co., Inc (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Boker Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Bonney (1876-1909 Philadelphia, PA / 1909-1953 Allentown, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • TUHEX (Wrenches) (9/32 - ??) Comes up in a search here but cannot be located in PTO Databases #340108
  • Bon-E-Con (Wrenches, Ratchets, Sockets) (First Use 1/12/1953)
  • Zenel (Wrenches, Ratchets) (First Use 8/31/1932)
  • Chrome Vanadium (circle CV) (Wrenches, Ratchets, Sockets, Specialty) 2nd CV Logo
  • Bonaloy (Wrenches) (First Use 3/6/1939)
  • Hercules (Vises, Adjustables)
  • Ajax (Vises)
  • Vixen (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Masterpiece (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Always Ready (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Crocodile (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Bonney Stillson (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Gipsey (Vises)
  • Bonney (Arched Letters)
  • Bonney Shield Design (All tools - First Use July 1, 1913)
  • Lehigh (Bonney Shield design with Lehigh) (First Use 12/15/1915) (appears to be mostly masonry tools but trademark also lists wrenches and vises)

   Contract Production for:

  • Crescent Niagara (Ratchets)
  • John Deere (Wrenches, Ratchets, Drive Tools, Sockets)
  • Bethlehem Spark Plug Co. (Ratchets)
  • MATCO (Wrenches)
  • Harley-Davidson
  • Caterpillar
  • Pratt-Whitney
  • Craftsman (C-####-C Wrenches)
  • Dayton (Ratchets [sweetheart FT])

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • Chrome - Vanadium (Circle CV)
  • Zenel
  • Bonaloy
  • Alloy Steel

Bonney Patents

Charles S. Bonney Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

----- Go Here for the Bonney Company Timeline

----- Go Here for the Bonney Research Page

Boss Wrench Company (Portland?, OR) - Incorporated 12/3/1913 by L. O. Thompson, H. P. Campbell, and H. P. Heninger.  Changed the name of the company to Boss Tool Manufacturing Company on 7/31/1915.  Mr. Heninger is removed from the incorporator list and A. J. Helms is added.   

Bossert Co. (Utica, NY)

  • Bossert (Wrenches)

According to this snippet from Poor's Government and Municipal Supplement of 1915, Bossert Co. was founded in 1896 and manufactures sheet metal stampings.  At the time of publication, the officers were: President - F. K. Kernan, VP - D. N. Crouse, Treas - Gilbert Butler, GM - J. R. Jones.

We found an announcement for the formation of The Bossert Electric Construction Co. in June of 1896 in Utica.  Directors - William F. Bossert, F. C. Adams, and F. Sang.

In 1941 The Bossert Co. is listed as supplying 75MM shells for the war effort.  By 1949, they are listed as a subsidiary of the Timken--Detroit Axle Co. and having purchased a new plant in New Castle, PA.  The last mention of the company we have found is 1974.

Bradford Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated (DE) 12/27/1918 by Victor C. Gardner, John S. Tripp, Adam Rener, and Charles J. Henderson.

Braunsdorf-Mueller (Elizabeth, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • New Century (Screwdrivers)
  • O. K. (Screwdrivers)
  • Ideal (Screwdrivers)
  • Peerless (Screwdrivers)

Braunsdorf and/or Mueller Patents

----- According to Cope's book, founded in 1888 but I've found no information.

Bremen Metal Stamping Co. (Logan, OH)  Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Acme (DOE Wrenches)

----- Announced in June of 1919 as taking over the Bremen Mfg. Co.  In May of 1924, The Lancaster-Eagle Gazzette reports that the factory has been taken over by The Standard Glass Manufacturing Co., a division of The Hocking Glass Company.

Bridge Tool Co. (St. Louis, MO) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Bridge (DOE Wrenches)

----- Mostly due to the name, we've found no information on this company.

Bridgeport Hardware Manufacturing (Bridgeport, CT) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Ajax (chisels)
  • Autodriver (Screwdrivers)
  • Baby Shockless (Screwdrivers)
  • BHM Logo (B with H and M inside)
  • Bismarch (Screwdrivers)
  • Blackstone (Screwdrivers)
  • Blu-Forge (Wrenches)
  • Bridgeport Line
  • Bull Pup (Valve Lifter)
  • Challenge (Screwdrivers)
  • Fay-oh-Rite (Valve Lifter)
  • Gripshank (Screwdrivers)
  • Hercules (Screwdrivers)
  • Hy-Bar (Wrenches)
  • Hy-Power (Wrenches)
  • Lead-All (Screwdrivers)
  • Matchless Shockproof (Screwdrivers)
  • Perfecto (Screwdrivers)
  • Pyramid
  • Red Crown (Screwdrivers)
  • Sure Grip (Screwdrivers)
  • Vulcan (chisels)
  • Warwick (Screwdrivers)

Early Bridgeport Patents  

Contract Production for:

  • Montgomery Ward - Master Quality

   Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • Forged Steel
  • Nickel Molybdenum
  • Molybdenum Alloy

BHM Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Brock Wrench Manufacturing Co. (Garwood, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Brock's Flange (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Brock's New Standard (Pipe Wrenches)

----- First mentioned here for taxes due in 1895, noting the company is in Garwood, NJ with "offices" in New York.  Domestic Engineering of July, 1915 reports the company has been taken over by Greene, Tweed & Co. and will continue to market it's products.

Brosnihan Wrench Co. (Worcester, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Brosnihan (Pipe Wrenches)

----- The only information we've been able to find on this company is Patent No. 657,391, applied for in December, 1899 and awarded September of 1900 for a pipe wrench.  The company ceases to be mentioned as a wrench manufacturer in 1917.  This document from the Mass. House of Representatives and Senate and dated February 1912, appears to be a resolution to desolve this company, along with hundreds of others. 

Bullard Automatic Wrench Company (Providence, RI) - Article from The Plumbers Trade Journal of 1905.​

Buffum Tool Co. (Louisiana, MO) - Contract Production for:

   Sub Brands

  • Buffum (Pliers - Slip Joint combos, Thin nose combos, Button pattern wire cutting, Lineman's)

Buffum Tool Co. Patents

Frank W. Buffum Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Bull Dog (or Bulldog) Wrench Company (Benton Harbor, MI) - Incorporated 4/4/1924 by Nathan D. Simpson, Otis Klet, and Lucy Klet (all of Hartford, MI)

Bullard Automatic Wrench Company (Providence, RI)

Article from Power, 1/14/1908 on the Bullard Wrench.  All of the advertisements match the wrench described in a Frank D. Bullard Patent #742,389 - Pipe Wrench.  However, in the same year Mr. Bullard was awarded two different pipe-wrench design patents: Patent #729,728 and Patent #733,138.

Butler Wrench Company (Mansfield, OH) - Organized ca. 2/1907, manager I. Hess.

California Wrench Company (San Francisco, CA) - Incorporated ca. 6/12/1895 by W. A. Boole, John D. McKee, W. L. Murphy, W. A. Boole Jr., and A. J. Mayer - $200,000 capital.

C. E. Bonner Mfg. Co. (Champaign / Chrisman, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Victor (Pipe Wrenches, Pliers, Pry Bar/Nail Puller)

Clarence E. Bonner Patents

----- Go Here for Company History

Cantilever Wrench Company / Cantilever Wrench Corp. (Newark, NJ) - In 1924, the company was reorganized and changed from "Company, Inc." to Corporation.  Officers under the reorganization were W. E. Cooke - President & Treasurer, A. B. Cozzens - VP & GM, F. J. Carnelli - Secretary.

Chamberlain Wrench Company (Bizmark, ND) - Incorporated April ​1913 to manufacture John W. Chamberlain's patented wrench - Patent #1,042,318.  Incorporators are John W. and Minnie J. Chamberlain and G. F. Dullam.  Mr. Chamberlain also applied for a patent for a combination claw hammer and plier multi-tool in 1906, however we cannot find that it was awarded.

Champion Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Champion (Adjustables)

---- In a 21 March, 1921 article in the Chicago Daily Tribune, the company is advertising looking for manufacturing space.  They also report the company was incorporated on July 29, 1920.  1921 is the only year we can find any information for this company.

Chas. H. Besly Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Besly (DOE Wrenches)

----- First mention we can find is in the 11/4/1884 edition of The Decatur Herald for a $24 claim.  In the 1/13/1917 edition of The Day Book, a fire reportedly destroyed the Chas. H. Besly & Co. plant.  We cannot find the final disposition of the company but they are advertising for Stenographers in the 4/12/1951 edition of the Chicago Daily Tribune.

C. H. Besly Patents

----- Earliest reference found - 1884; latest reference found - 1951

Chicago Manufacturing & Distributing Co. (Chicago, IL) - The Chicago Secretary of State reports the company was incorporated March 1, 1911.  In 1948, A. Clark Moore is President.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Wright (Adjustables)

Gordon K. Wright - Patent #1,089,737 - Ratchet Wrench - Assigned to Chicago Mfg. & Distributing Co.

Chicago Manufacturing & Distributing Co. Patents

Chicago Pipe Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated by William F. Rupp, Arthur W. O'Leary, and Emma S. O'Leary 4/8/1889.  This company was formed to produce a pipe wrench patented by Charles L. Dunham of Union City, PA, Patent #404,781.

Cincinnati Tool Co. (Cincinatti, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Hargrave (Chisels, Pliers (Combination & Lineman), Screwdrivers)
  • Standard?? (Clamps)

Clarence E. Wakefield (Worcester, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Wakefield (Adjustables)
  • Wizard (Adjustables)

C. E. Wakefield Patents

The Climax Specialty Co. (Seneca Falls, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Climax (Pliers)

C. M. B. Wrench Co. (Garwood, NJ) Link to patents

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Silver King (Wrenches)
  • Auto Queen (Wrenches)

Cochran Pipe Wrench Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) - Formed to produce Patent #885,322 by James M. Cochran of Paducah, KY.  This earlier Cochran patent for a pipe wrench is also relevant, Patent #597,762.  Here is another pipe wrench patent from later attributed to Mr. Cochran, Patent #1,071,703

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Cochran (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Speednut (Wrenches)

Coes Wrench Co. (Worcester, MA) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Coes (Adjustables)
  • Key Model (Adjustables)

Coes Wrench Co. Patents

Columbus Wrench Company (Columbus, OH) - Incorporated 3/28/1896 and only 1 subsequent mention later the same year amending the face value of stock from $1,000 to $100.

Convertible Ratchet Wrench Co. (Allentown, PA)

Company charter announced in the Harrisburg Telegraph on 12/1/1911 with an initial capital of $15,000.  Company disposition is unknown and the last listing we can find is in 1921.  This company was formed to manufacture J. C. Hawes Patent #1,050,131, filed in October of 1910 and awarded 1/1913.

Cornwell Quality Tools (Cayahoga Falls, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

----- Go here for company history

Corry Wrench Company (Corry, PA) - In 1904, Ernest Keppel took the reigns (or possibly started?) of the company, which apparently survived until at least his retirement in 1929.  Destroyed by fire 7/23/1915. 

Cortland Wrench Company (Cortland, NY) - ca. 1897 - Factory burned 1/20/1898 and the officers at that time were J. H. Wallace, W. W. Hout, and P. B. Canfield.  The article on the fire notes the company was started a year prior.  The company was started to manufacture a bicycle wrench patent of Phillip B. Canfield, patent #575,592.

Crescent Tool Co. (Jamestown, NY) - Contract Production for:

  • J.H. Williams

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • CRESTOLOY (Wrenches & Pliers
  • Crescent (Pliers, Adjustables)
  • Simplex (Pliers)
  • Cee Tee Co. (Pliers)
  • CTCO (Logo - Pliers)
  • Hamr-Handl (Screwdriver with stowable Hammer Head on Handle)

Crescent Tool Co. Patents

----- Go here for company history

Crescent Forgings Co. (Oakmont, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Rothweiler (Pipe Wrenches)

Crescent Forgings Co. Patents

First mention of the Crescent Forgings Co. is 1905.  We found a newspaper article from November of 1914 noting that their plant had shut down "a few months ago."

The Cronk & Carrier Mfg. Co. (Emlira, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Cronk's (Chisels, Pliers)
  • Elmira (Screwdrivers)
  • Star (Screwdrivers)
  • Cronk (Wrenches)

Cronk & Carrier Patents

William Cronk Patents

This link will take you to a detailed history for William Cronk - Some highlights: He owned a HW store (N. H. Conkin & Co.) where he invented tools and his barn door hanger.  This led to the establishment of his company in 1883, which turned into the Cronk & Carrier Co., which was eventually sold in 1932.

The following excerpt is From: Our County and its people; A History of the Valley and County of Chemung; BY: Ausburn Towner; D. Mason & Co., Publishers; Syracuse, N. Y. 1892

Cronk Hanger Co., The. - This company was organized and incorporated in Elmira in 1885 with Charles R. Pratt as president and C. F. Carrier secretary and treasurer. Its capital stock is $50,000, its manufactory being at Havana and its business headquarters at Elmira. Comparatively a new industry it started in a small way, but its growth has been rapid and continuous, its increase for the past three years being from forty to fifty per cent, per annum. It employs from thirty to forty men in the shops and keeps five men on the road. The Cronk hanger is sold throughout the United States. Its specalties are steel covered, anti friction, barn door hangers of the two separate designs under patents of both Cronk and Carrier Carrier's double braced steel rail, Cronk's adjustable stay roller, steel hangers, Cronk's steel hangers for wood truck, etc.
 

C. S. Osborne & Co. (Newark, NJ) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Osborne (Pliers)

Davis Wrench Company (Elmira, NY) - Dissolved by order of the Governor in April, 1924.  Most certainly formed to produced wrenches against Patent #286,913 in 1883 by Robert W. Davis and assigned to the company.

Detroit Wrench Company (Detroit, MI) - The Michigan Annual Report has the company charter as September, 1906.  The October, 1908 edition of Engineering Review carries the announcement of the formation of the company to manufacturer the Ewer line of wrenches.  Officers noted in this article are: Charles S. Tolsma - Pres., M. G. Ewer - VP and GM, and Walter G. Toepel - Sec. & Treas.

A July 1908 newspaper article announces a stockholder meeting to take place.  The notice contains reference to 3 gentlemen at the bottom: M. G. Ewer (see Ewer Wrench Company below), Chas. S. Tolsma, and W. G. Toepel.

On August 16, 1910, M. G. Ewer was granted his second wrench Patent #967,355 which we believe prompted the formation of the Ewer Wrench Company (see below).

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Ewer (Pipe / Nut Wrenches)

Diamond Calk Horseshoe Co. (Duluth, MN) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Contract Production for:

  • Plomb Tool (Adjustables)
  • Sears - Craftsman (Adjustables)
  • Sears - Fulton (Adjustables)
  • Sears - Merit (Adjustables)
  • Snap-On (Adjustables)
  • S-K (Adjustables)
  • MAC (Adjustables)
  • MATCO (Adjustables)
  • Kelley-How-Thomson (K.H.T.) Company (Adjustables)
  • Montgomery Wards - Master Quality (Adjustables)
  • Blue-Point (Pliers)

Diamond Calk & Horseshoe Patents

Otto Swanstrom (Founder) Patents

----- Go here for company history

Diamond Wrench Company (Portland, ME) - This Maine state business report indicates the company was founded July 4, 1881 in Skowhegan.  Destroyed by vire 3/3/1886 // A. C. Libby - Treasurer 12/1886.  Founded to produce wrenches in multiple sizes based on Patent #286,653 by Henry A. Thompson of Farmington, ME.

Diamond Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) ca. 1900

Dixon Wrench Company (New York, NY) - 9/10/1907 edition of Hardware - Incorporated 8/19/1907 by Jay J. Dixon, Curtis M. Shawkey, and Roy Dixon. 

The 8/24/1907 edition of Domestic Engineering notes the formation of the company and names officers E. A. Montfort and Fred Knowlton - (could be a different company?)  The 6/13/1910 edition of Industrial World notes the charter again in Warren, PA and names Paul T. DeFrees as Treasurer, and the following as Directors: B. W. Rogers, J. H. DeFrees, and Paul T. Defrees. 

This company was likely founded to produce wrenches against Jay J. Dixon's pipe wrench patent #837,809.  The company appears to have been re-chartered in Warren, PA in 1910.  Warren, PA is the home of Jay J. Dixon.

Drake & Wiers Co. (Cleveland, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Meadville (Adjustables)

Company is listed as early as 1895, with William D. Drake as President.  They disappear from listings circa 1918.

Drop Forgings Co. of New York Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Spartan (Pipe Wrenches)

D. Saunders' Sons, Inc. (Yonkers, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Saunders' (Pipe Wrenches)

Patents assigned to D. Saunders' Sons, Inc.

Andrew Saunders Patents

Based on patent information, this company existed since at least 1875.  The latest listing we can locate comes from Poor's Index in 1932, listing William Lapham Saunders as VP & Director of the company.

Dudley Tool Co. (Menominee, MI)

  • Dudley (Wrenches)

Incorporation notice from the Engineering Review of October, 1905.  It lists Herman Heinrichs, Albert Dudley Sr., and William Green as principals.  This company disappears circa 1917.

The Dunston Ratchet Wrench Company (La Crosse, WI) (Moved to Decatur, IL Nov, 1904) - Most likely founded to manufacture Patent #734,408 of Horace G. Dunston of Santa Monica, CA.

Duplex Wrench Company (Dunkirk/Sherman, NY) - Incorporated 12/10/1915 by W. M. Boyd, W. L. N. Lofland, and George W. Morgan.  A 1941 newspaper article names John Coe as proprietor.

Duro Metal Products Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

   Contract Production for

  • Western Auto - ChromeXQuality (Wrenches, Sockets, Drive Accessories)
  • Western Auto - Westline
  • Western Auto - Perfection (Wrenches)
  • Western Auto - Wizard
  • Sears - Cross Country (Wrenches)
  • Sears - Durobilt
  • Montgomery Wards - Riverside (Wrenches, Sockets)
  • Montgomery Wards - Master Quality (Sockets, Drive Tools, Ratchets)
  • Montgomery Wards - Powr-Kraft (Sockets)

Duro Metal Products Patents

------Go here for Duro History

Eagle Beak Wrench Company (Pierre, SD) - Incorporated 4/17/1903 with $100,000 capital stock - No further information found.

Eagle Claw Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL)

  • Eagle (Wrenches)

Patents for Eagle Claw

Earl Wrench Company (Portland?, OR) - Incorporated 10/25/1914 by Virgil D. Earl, Frank E. Mangold, and George W. Frazier.  Likely founded to produce Virgil D. Earl's Socket Bit Wrench, Patent #1,107,769.  In January, 1923 they appear on a list of corporations having not paid their license fees to the state for 2 years.

Eclipse Saw & Tool Works (Springfield, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Eclipse (Pliers)

Edmunds-Metzel Mfg. Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Perpetual (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Universal (Wrenches)

Edmunds - Metzel Mfg. Co. Patents ******Double Alligator with Threaders*******

E. Edelmann & Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Han-D (Wrenches)
  • Sextet (Wrenches)
  • E. E. (Wrenches)

Edelmann & Co. Patents

This company shows up as early as 1912 in a job advertisement for a stenographer.  The founder appears to have been Eric Edelmann but we believe the company was run by Leo Edelmann.  Here is a nice company history from the current organization known as Plews & Edelmann.  In 1929 they merged with W. F. Martin, Inc. but continued operating under the E. Edelmann & Co. name.

Edgar C. Guthard Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Billmont (Wrenches)

EC Guthard Co. Patents

The Edwinson Ratchet Wrench Company (Topeka, KS) - Incorporated 11/8/1923 by L. A. Edwinson - Pres., L. A. Hartman - VP, M. G. Delph - Sec., L. E. Stone Asst. Sec., A. F. Weese - Treas., and E. A. Wysong - Director.  Article notes wrenches being manufactured by Capital Iron Works of Topeka.  Here is Louis Edwinson's 1921 ratchet wrench patent #1,391,619 upon which the company was likely founded.

Efficiency Device Corp. (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Efficiency (Adjustables)

Elmore Tool Manufacturing Co. (Hartford, CT) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Star (Screwdrivers)
  • Hartford (Screwdrivers)

Erie Specialty Co. (Erie, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Walker (Screwdrivers)

Erie Stamping & Mfg. Co (Erie, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Esco (Wrenches, Screwdrivers)

Erie Stamping & Mfg. Co. Patents

------Founded February 9, 1904 to manufacture engine and carriage trimmings, plumbers supplies and hardware.  Here is a short excerpt from A twentieth century history of Erie County, PA.  In 1909 they were located at 646 W. 12th St.

Erie Tool Works (Erie, PA) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • B. C. Adjustable (Adjustables)
  • Pipemaster (Pipe Wrenches)

Erie Tool Works Patents

-------Go here for Erie Tool Works History

E. S. E. Wrench Company (Aberdeen, SD) - Incorporated 12/10/1920 by R. C. Evans, J. H. Erickson, and V. E. Scheder.  R. C. Evans of St. Paul, MN received Patent #1,371,415 for a wrench and assigned 1/2 to Mr. Erickson of Minneapolis on 3/15/1921.  This company was likely formed to produce wrenches under the aforementioned patent however, we can find no further reference to the company aside from the formation announcement.

​Ewer Wrench & Tool Company // Ewer Wrench Company (Detroit & Howell, MI) - The Detroit Free Press of 7/30/1909 carries the announcment of the company charter.  The August 13,1910 edition of the Detroit Free Press announces the Incorporation of the "Ewer Wrench & Tool Manufacturing Company.  Here is a link to a picture on Flickr of the factory and it's employees at Howell, MI.  We are unsure of the date of the photo.

On August 16, 1910, M. G. Ewer was granted his second wrench Patent #967,355 which we believe prompted the formation of the Ewer Wrench Company.  This Michigan Dept. of Labor Report suggests the factory of the Ewer Wrench & Tool Co. factory in Detroit was inspected on October 29th of 1910.  The Michigan Manufacturer & Financial Record of 8/13/1910 reports that the Ewer Wrench & Tool Co. will move from Detroit to Howell.  This snippet announcement from a 1910 edition of Iron Trade Review announces the incorporation of Ewer Wrench & Tool Co.  Here is an advertisement from October, 1911 for the Ewer Wrench.

Although only a snippet, this 1912 edition of Railway Review has an article noting the officers elected as a result of it's annual meeting.  Malcolm G. Ewer - Pres., Frederick Seagraves - VP, Stephen K.? Hartnell? - Sec. & Treas.  It also adds Fred E. Tallmadge and John S. Shields, along with the officers, as Directors.  It also notes that Ewer, Tallmadge and Hartnel? are directors of the Ewer Sales Co. which takes the entire output of the wrench production, as well as markets the Ewer automatic car seal (Patent #1,011,766).

The Michigan Manufacturer & Financial Record of 8/7/1920 reports the company's new factory will begin operations about August 10th.​  We believe the company started in Lansing ca. 1913 and the previously noted article is from Howell, MI.  Malcolm G. Ewer received Patent #833,516 on 10/16/1906 for a pipe wrench.  Please see Detroit Wrench Company above.

This edition of the Michigan Manufacturer & Financial Record indicates the company is failing and considering offering the factory for sale on May 8.

The Fairbanks Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Fairbanks (DOE Wrenches)

Fairmount Tool & Forging (Cleveland, OH) - Contract Production for:

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Fairalloy 

   Key Tool Stamping Terms:

  • Chrome Molybdenum
  • Chrome Alloy
  • Fairalloy

Fairmount Patents

------Go here for Fairmount history.

Ferodowill Mfg. Co. (St. Paul, MN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Diamond (Wrenches)

Joseph Henry Ferodowill Patents

------Founded by Joseph Henry Ferodowill.  The earliest mention of the company comes in The Blacksmith & Wheelwright Magazine of January, 1903.  The company appears to exist until at least 1981 where Eugene Ferodowill is listed as President.

F. E. Wells & Sons - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Wells (Pipe Wrenches)

------In March of 1917, this company was acquired by Greenfield Tap & Die as reported by Moody's Industrial.

F. J. McCabe (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Y (Alligator Wrenches)

F. K. Lawrence Mfg. Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Easyway (Wrenches)

F. K. Lawrence Mfg. Co. Patents

------An advertisement for the Easyway wrench can be found here.

The Flash Sales Corp. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Plierench (Adjustables)
  • Flash Plierench (Adjustables)

F. L. Smithe Machine Co. (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Smitheco (Wrenches)

------This company principally focused on paper related machinery.  Their primary inventor appears to have been Henry Helm, whos patents can be found here.  The company appears to have been acquired in 2009.

Fones Quick Pipe Wrench Company Inc. (New Rochelle, NY) - Incorporated 5/28/1926 (DE) by John F. and Margaret M. Fones, A. L. Carey, and Phillip L. Garrett.

On June 12, 1923, John H. Fones of Oakland, CA was awarded Patent #1,458,474 for a wrench.  On January 26, 1925, he was awarded his second Patent #1,522,432 for another wrench.  On December 8, 1925, he was awarded his third wrench Patent #1,564,411 for a third wrench design.  The company was likely founded in 1926 to produce wrenches against these patents.  However, we can find no evidence they were ever produced, nor any further reference to this company beyond it's incorporation notice.

Forged Steel Products Co. (Newport, PA) - Contract Production for:

  • Snap-on (Pliers)
  • Gamble's Auto Stores

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Artisan
  • Tiger Tools
  • Vacuum Grip

------Forged Steel Products history can be found here.

F. Patrick Duross Sub Brands

  • Durabell (Pipe Wrenches)

Patrick F. Duross Patents

Frank Mossberg Co. (Attleboro, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • M (inside Diamond) // Later Filing
  • Sterling (Adjustable, Wrenches)
  • Diamond (Adjustable, Wrenches)
  • Alderman (Adjustable, Wrenches)
  • National (Adjustable, Wrenches)
  • Auto Cle' (Wrenches, Pliers)
  • Gripsall (Wrenches)

Frank Mossberg Patents

Walter Tuttle Patents (also a noted company inventor)

------Mossberg history can be found here

Franklin Tool & Wrench Company (Portland, ME) - Incorporation notice from 9/1885 found here.

Frederick Pfeifer (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Johnston Automatic (Pipe Wrench)

Gamble's Auto Supply Co. (Minneapolis, MN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Garage Equipment Mfg. Co. (Milwaukee, WI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Gemco (Wrenches)

Gealy Wrench and Manufacturing Company (Greenville, PA?) - Incorporated 11/14/1911 in Grove City, PA by G. M. Gealy, **I. C. Black, A. S. White W. S. Cope.  ** Likely "Ira C. Black"

Pipe (chain) wrench Patent #802,187 was awarded on 10/17/1905 to George M. Gealy of Enoch Valley, PA and self assigned.

His second pipe wrench Patent #1,078,426 was awarded on 11/11/1913 and assigned to the company.

On 10/30/1917, Mr. Gealy was awarded Patent #1,244,596 for a reversible ratchet wrench, the patent was self assigned.

Here is an article from the March 16, 1912 edition of Domestic Engineering explaining the operation of the Gealy Wrench.

Gellman Wrench Corp. (Chicago, IL) - The Chicago Tribune reports the company was founded in 1922 and, in 1924, was renamed the Gellman Manufacturing Company.  In 1940, the company's products were bread slicing, wrapping and sealing machines.

Israel Gellman - Patent #1,451,906 - Wrench - Self Assigned (Known as the "Polly" wrench

Israel Gellman - Patent &1,451,873 - Adjustable Socket Wrench - Self Assigned

September, 1922 Advertisement from Motor World

George A. Cutter (Nashua, NH / Taunton, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Bay State Autokit (Wrenches, Sockets, Ratchet)
  • Stickit (Wrenches)

George A Cutter Patents

The Gifford Pipe Wrench Company (Kittery, ME) - Organized 11/8/1899 to acquire "the Gifford Patents" and manufacture wrenches.  Organized by James S. Wilson - Pres., and C. W. Wilson - Treas.

The Sanitary & Heating Age from 11/18/1899 also carries the organizational announcement of the week prior, and adds Mr. F. E. Sands to the list of organizers.

"Gifford" patents refers to Jireh C. Gifford of Cambridge, MA.  Patents include:

* Possibly refers to W. S. Quinby Co. - Fitchburg

Girard Wrench Mfg. Co. (Girard, PA) - Several sources state that this company took over operations of the Walton Wrench Manufacturing Company of Girard, PA.  Walton was incorporated/chartered April 26, 1874.  According to Girard, A Canal Town's History by Geoffrey L Domowicz, the company was first formed in 1874 as the T. B. Walton Company, and shortly thereafter changed to the Walton Wrench Manufacturing Company.  The company began manufacturing wrenches against Patent #117,679 by George B. Phillips of Cleveland, OH, and assigned to Joshua E. Hall, George J. Levake, William Norville, and A. Ward Fenton (could be Penton), all also of Cleveland.  According to the book, due to the high cost of manufacturing the wrench, the company failed and was sold at a sherrif's sale in 1875.  The company was purchased by William C. Culbertson, C. F. Rockwell, Charles F. Webster, and Rush S. Battles, who successfully operated under Girard Wrench Manufacturing Company (LLP). 

On 5/24/1888, the Girard Wrench factory burned to the ground.  The newspaper report gives us clues on the ownership, and therefore patents associated.  It mentions the following owners of the company: W. C. Culbertson, R. S. Battles, C. W. Webster, and C. F. Rockwell.  This article also notes the factory will not likely be rebuilt.

The obituary of Russ S. Battles (3/17/1904) notes that besides his 1/4 interest in Girard Wrench, he had significant financial interest in the Lake Erie Foundry and was Proprietor of the Climax Iron Works at Corry, PA.

The final mention we find of Girard Wrench is March, 1922 when they are named in a lawsuit with The Siberian Company, Ltd.

Patents likely associated:

  • Patent #117,679 - Improvement in Wrenches - George B. Phillips of Cleveland, OH, - Awarded 8/1/1871 - assigned to Joshua E. Hall, George J. Levake, William Norville, and A. Ward Fenton (could be Penton), all also of Cleveland
  • Patent #165,655 - Nut Wrench - Rush S. Battles awarded 7/20/1875
  • Patent #166,587 - Nut Wrench - Matthew E. Campfield awarded 8/10/75 and assigned to Rush S. Battles
  • Patent #260,771 - Monkey Wrench - Charles H. Miller of Erie - DATAMP reports manufacture by Girard
  • Canadian Patent #16,300 - Monkey Wrench - Charles H. Miller of Erie - Assigned to Girard

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Globe Wrench Company (Sunapee, NH) - Incorporated 2/14/1915 by M. F. Knowlton, E. P. Bartlett, W. F. Galucia, and Lucy L. Knowlton.  Listed in the 1910 Maine Tax Assessor's Report also.  This article about the Globe Wrench from March 25, 1913, places the company in Ipswich, MA.  Another article placing the company in Ipswich.

Gordon Wrench Corporation (New York, NY) - Incorporated 1/10/1921 by H. J. O'neill, E. J. Fenton, and J. H. Dreyer Jr. in Westbury, Long Island.  This company was likely formed to produce William Gordon - Patent #1,407,528 - Wrench - Self Assigned.  There is no evidence the wrench was produced or the company was successful.

Graham Vise-Wrench Company (Buffalo, NY) - Formed ca. 4/1890 (1448 Niagara St.) - No further mention of this company located.

Green Wrench Company (Marshall, MI) - Listed as a new Michigan Corporation in the August 26, 1922 edition of the Michigan Manufacturer & Financial Record.  Organizers noted are: Paul Green, Paul Jones, and Clyde Cortright.  The second article at the same link notes they took over the propery of the Lambert Machine Company.  Property and equipment sold at auction 6/29/1923.  Likely formed to produces Paul Green's Patent #1,423,793 for a pipe wrench.

Greene, Tweed & Co. (Newark, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Greene, Tweed & Co. Patents

Greenfield Tool & Die Corp (Greenfield, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • G T C (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Little Giant (Pipe Wrenches)

Greenfield Tap & Die Patents

Guernsey Wrench Co. (Lawrence, MA) - Appears to have been formed ca. 1911 to produce the Guernsey monkey wrench, and defunct by ca. 1914. 

Charles C. Guernsey - Patent #978,151 - Monkey Wrench - Assigned 1/2 to Frank O. Libbey

  • Guernsey

Hacheney Wrench Company, Inc. (Portland, OR) - Incorporated 12/31/1924 by Frank C. Frey, William Caldwell, and Frank C. Hacheney.  Notable is the capital at $1M.

Frank Hacheney Notable Patents:

Chas. E. Hall Co. (Buffalo, NY) ​- The 4/8/1907 edition of The Buffalo Commercial announces that The Union Specialty & Manufacturing Company, formed in 1901 to manufacture machine tools, will change it's name to the Charles E. Hall Company on 5/15/1907.  William H. Crosby - Pres. (also Pres. of The Crosby Company), C. R. Hatch - Sec., Charles E. Hall - VP.  In 1914, the company was acquired by Barcalo Manufacturing Co.

1908 advertisement.

  • Hall (Wrenches)

Handee Wrench Company (Mansfield, OH) - ca. 1918 for receivership - it appears this company lasted until ca. 1923 and sold the original "dogbone" wrench.  The engineers involved appear to be John and Henry Kaercher, who immigrated from Germany ca. 1912.  We were undable to locate a patent.

Handlan-Buck Manufacturing Co. (St. Louis, MO)

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Cochran (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Buck (DOE Wrenches)

Handlan-Buck Mfg. Co. Patents

Harold King Wrench Company (Indianapolis, IN) - Incorporated 8/9/1916 by Harold King, M. King, and M. King.

Harold King appears to have had 3 patents for Pipe Wrenches:

Harris & Reed Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL)

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Harris & Reed (DOE Wrenches)

Harris & Reed Patents

Here is some portion of history of the company, laying out the history of Elijah Harris who is President of the company at the time of this publication in 1909.

Hays Manufacturing Co. (Erie, PA) - Founded in 1865 as Jarecki Hays & Company.  Found as Hays Manufacturing as early as 1888.  William B. Hays, William B. Forster, John W. Hays -

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Hays (DOE Wrenches)

Haward Wrench Company (Springfield, MO) - Incorporated 3/28/1914 by Robert H. and Homer Hayward (Homer is the inventor [Hubert H. Hayward) of Springfield, and Lewis T. Duncan of Dadesville.  This company was sold to R. K. Hawley, J. W. Holman and C. B. Holman of St. Louis on 11/12/1915. 

Hubert H. Hayward Patent #1,077,343 - Wrench

Hawkeye Wrench Company (Marshalltown, IA)

A​rticle on the Hawkey Wrench from The Metal Worker of March 12, 1904.

Likely formed ca. 1903 to produce a patented wrench by Charles Benesh (ND) - Patent #720,554 - Combined Wrench and Thread Cutter.

H. D. Smith Co. (Plantsville, CT) - Most sources identify 1850 as the formation year for this company.  However, we have not yet been able to locate any source documentation to support this.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Perfect Handle (Screwdrivers, Pipe Wrenches)
    • Sharpenezy (Chisels)
    • Gittatit (Pliers)

    Heller Brothers Co. (Newark, NJ) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Masterench (Adjustables)

    Heller Brothers Patents

    American Made Files website page on Heller Brothers.

    Helwig Manufacturing Co. (St. Paul, MN) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Helwig (Adjustables)

    Henry Cheney Hammer Co. (Little Falls, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Cheney (Adjustables)

    Henry Cheney Hammer Patents // Titus Hose (inventor for company) Patents

    JTC.net History Page

    Davistown Museum Cheney Page

    Progress is Fine Cheney Page

    The Herbrand Co. (Fremont, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

       Contract Production for

    • Montgomery Ward - Riverside
    • Truth Tool (Specialty Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - ChromeXQuality (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - Western Giant (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - "Obstructo" (Obstruction Wrenches)
    • Bethlehem Spark Plug Co. (Ratchets)
    • Billings & Spencer (Sockets)

    Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

    • Chromium Vanadium
    • H-Diamond
    • Van-Chrome
    • Vi-Chrome
    • Multi-Hex
    • ChromeXQuality
    • Chrome-Alloy (found on pliers)

    Herbrand Patents

    -----See here for Herbrand History

    The Hercules Adjustable Pipe Wrench Company (San Francisco, CA) - Incorporated 5/9/1898 by Richard O'Connor, H. A. Jones, Hugh Keenan, Joseph M. O'Brien, and Thomas E. Ryan.  (Note the incorporators mostly match those of The Atlas Pipe Wrench Co.)

    Hewet Wrench Co. (Rock Island, IL) ca. 1876 - Here is a very interesting article to read on Henry Wheaton Hewit (or more likely Hewitt).  Article is entitled "A Friend I knew."

    H. W. Hewit Patent #87,774

    The Hewett Improved Wrench Company (Cincinatti, OH) - Incorporated by H. W. Hewett, T. S. Michie, E. H. Carter, C. O. Resor, and J. H. Carter on 10/24/1872.

    Hewett Screw Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Announcement of dissolution of the company (partnership) by Henry W. Hewett and Elson T. Wright on 11/11/1875.  Mr. Hewett assumes all assets and liabilities.

    Hill Pump Valve Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Utility (Wrenches)

    Hilts Wrench & Mfg. Co. (Richford, NY)

    George S. Hilts Patent #483,785 - Chain Pipe Wrench

    Canadian Patent #41224 - Pipe Wrench - 1892

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Comet (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Eclipse (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Hilts (Pipe Wrenches)

    Hinsdale Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

       Contract Production for

    • Sears - Craftsman Vanadium (Wrenches, Sockets, Drive Accessories)
    • Sears - Craftsman HD DBE Series (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto (MultiHex Wrenches)
    • Gamble's Auto Supply Co. (Socket Sets - 1927, 8)

    Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

    • Chrome Vanadium Steel
    • Hinsdale Vanadium

    Hinsdale Patents

    -----See here for Hinsdale History

    Hitt Wrench Company (Edenwold, TN) - ca. 8/1915 to produce a wrench invented by J. E. Hitt.  John E. Hitt Patent #1,060,185.  The article notes manufacturing to be done by The Eagle Manufacturing Company.

    Hjorth Wrench Co. (Jamestown, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Empire (Wrenches, Pipe Wrenches)
    • Lightening (Wrenches)
    • Hjorth Bent Nose (Pliers)
    • New Auto (Pliers)

    Hjorth company patents

    Hutton & Hutton (Springfield, MA) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • 101 (Wrenches)

    Hy-Speed Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated in August of 1919 in IL.  The 11/5/1919 edition of The Metal Worker, Plumber and Steam Fitter carries the incorporation announcement.  Principals noted are Israel Lipman, Ray Rhyman, and William Frankel.  A local newspaper from 4/15/1923 announces the auction of the factory and all equipment.  Newspaper articles discuss the ownership of multiple patents but we have yet to identify them.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Quic Klamp (Adjustables)

    Ide Wrench Company (Troy, NY) ​- Chain and Pipe wrenches ca. 1893.  Here is an advertisement / article on the Ide Pipe Wrench. 

    Fred B. Ide (Assigned to Nathan D. Ide) Patent #492,626 - Hand Wrench

    Ideal Wrench Company (Tacoma, WA)  ​- Incorporated in the spring of 1907, as reported in the March 10 edition of Hardware.  Incorporators are Allen C. Mason, J. F. Wright, and F. M. Harshberger.

    Ideal Wrench Company (New York, NY) - Incorporated 3/24/1897 by John F. Thomson, Alfred Josephson, and Ferdinand Beach.  Advertisement for their combined nut wrench and screwdriver.  Patent #572,035 by Walter C. Stokes for a bicycle wrench / screwdriver was assigned to the Ideal Wrench Company for manufacture in 1897.  Prior to assigning the patent to Ideal, Mr. Stokes contracted the Garvin Machine Company to produce the wrenches in February of 1897.  Several hundred wrenches were produced by Garvin but the quality was so lacking, Stokes sued the company for breach of contract.  The lawsuit appears to have started ca. 1900 and continuous appeals by Garvin strung the case out until 1905. 

    Indestro Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

       Contract Production for

    • Western Auto - ChromeXQuality
    • Chromium Vanadium
    • Western Auto - Perfection
    • Western Auto - Wizard
    • Sears - Cross Country

    Indestro Patents

    -----See here for Indestro History

    Indianapolis Drop Forging Co (Indianapolis, IN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Tiger (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Nye (Pipe Wrenches)

    IDF Patents

    Irland Pipe Wrench Co. (Boston, MA) -

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Irland's (Pipe Wrenches)

    Irland Assigned Patents

    Irving Mfg. & Tool Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Irving (Pliers)

    Irvington Manufacturing Co. (Irvington, NJ) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    Ives Mfg. Co. (Wallingford, CN) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Mephisto (Wrenches, Screwdrivers)

    J. C. McCarty & Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Lanes (Wrenches)

    J.H. Williams & Co. (Brooklyn, NY / Buffalo, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Vulcan // Vulcan (2) // Vulcan (3) Vulcan (4) (First use 8/12/1897)
    • W (Inside Diamond) (First use 1884)
    • Superior (Wrenches)
    • Volume (Wrenches, Sockets, Ratchets, Drive Tools)
    • Cromal (DBE Wrenches)
    • DUOHEX (DBE Wrenches)
    • Superjustable (Adjustable Wrenches) (First use 5/13/1921)
    • Measurrench (First use 7/13/1938)
    • Superrench (Wrenches) (First use 10/10/1925)
    • Superratchet (Ratchets)
    • Hornet (First Use 7/6/1976)
    • Bantam (Small socket sets)
    • Supersocket (Sockets)
    • Supertorque (First use 4/1/1993)
    • Multisocket (Wrenches)

       Contract Production for

    • Sears - Craftsman L (Adjustables)
    • Sears - Craftsman (Wrenches [dogbone])
    • Babcock Printing Press Manufacturing Co.

    Jiffy Automatic Wrench Company (Independence, MO) ​- Patent #1,354,782 by Guido F. Schlote and assigned to Jiffy.

    Jiffy Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated (DE) 3/30/1917 by George E. Allen, J. G. Burris, and C. W. Shaffer. Corporation charter repealed by the Governor on January 27, 1921 for non-payment of annual license fees.

    John A Roebling's Sons Co. (Trenton, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Alligator (Pipe Wrenches)

    Johnson Wrench Company (St. Louis, MO) - ca. 1897 William J. Henley (associated person, possibly a salesman)

    Johnson Wrench Company (New York, NY) - Incorporated 5/10/1927 (DE) by Oscar Johnson, Francis W. Douglas, and William E. Clark.

    J.P. Danielson Co. (Jamestown, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Auto-Kit (Wrenches)
    • Controlled Steel (Wrenches)
    • Bet'R-Grip (Adjustables) (First Use 1933)

       Contract Production for

    • P&C
    • Plomb Tool
    • Proto
    • Sears - Craftsman
    • Sears - Dunlap
    • Sears - Fulton
    • Sears - Merit

        Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

    • Controlled Steel

    J. H. Faw Co. (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Fawsco (Wrenches)

    The Jumbo Manufacturing Co. (Sisterville, WV / Pittsburgh, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Jumbo (Pipe Wrenches)

    Kanavel Wrench Company (Killbuck, OH) ca. 1922 - Mentions Lyman N. Kanavel.  Lyman Kanavel Patent #1,169,833 - Combination wrench & wire stretcher.

    Clarence Kemp (Baltimore, MD) ​- Mr. Kemp was a prolific inventor in the late 1800s.  The original inventor of the Solar Panel.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Key-Bar Wrench Company (Akron, OH) - Incorporated 10/24/1924 by John R. Long, L. S. Ballard, E. D. Eddy, R. W. Clark, and Matthew Eskovitz

    Keystone Drop Forge. (Chester, PA) - George K Crozer - President, passed away 6/6/1921.  Organized in 1899 as the Keystone Drop Forge Works in Phildelphia, the company moved to Chester in 1902.  On March 12, 1927, the announcment of a receivers auction of the company and it's equipment is first announced.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Wrenches

    Keystone Manufacturing Co. (Buffalo, NY) Articles of incorporation filed 5/10/1900 by Gustav A. and Charles A. Haist.  However, the company begins appearing in papers ca. 1897.  Foster A. Haist - President of the company (perhaps former?) committed suicide in 1937 for fear of being a semi-invalid.  We believe the company failed in the 19-teens. 

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Champion (Wrenches)
    • Westcott (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Keystone (Wrenches, Ratchets, Socket Wrenches)
    • Giant (Socket Wrenches)

    Kilborn & Bishop Co. (New Haven, CN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Saxon (DOE Wrenches)
    • K & B (Chisels)
    • Silex (Chisels)
    • Reliance (Pliers - slip joint, 2 wire cutters, milled jaws)
    • Combination (Pliers - ebonized metal combos)

    King Tool Co. (Asbury Park, NJ) - On December 5, 1921, the company's founders hold a public meeting discussing the marketing of the Onli-1 wrench to the public.  By 1927, the company appears to have folded. 

    Onli-1 wrench advertisement from 1922.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Onli-1 (Wrenches)

    Klein, M & Sons (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Man on Telephone Pole (First use 1/1/1911)
    • Klein Koat (Pliers)
    • Klein-Kord (Pliers) (First use 5/5/1933)
    • Klein-Lok (Linesmen's Pliers) (First use 12/8/1933)
    • Klein Line (Pliers)
    • Grip-It (Chain & Strap Wrenches)
    • Goehst Insulation Cutters (Pliers/wire insulation slitter)

    Klose Wrench Company (Minneapolis, MN) - Incorporated 7/11/1895.  Incorporators are Russell M. Bennett, Levi Loren Longbrake, Norman C. Richardson, and Karl A. Klose. 

    Karl August Klose Patent #542,265 - Pipe Wrench

    DATAMP Karl Klose Patents

    Kraeuter & Co. (Newark, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Kraeuter (Pliers) (First use 1910)
    • Victor (Alligator Wrenches, Pliers, Screwdriver Bits)
    • Dreadnaught (Pliers)
    • Gripall (Pliers)
    • Grip-It (Pliers)
    • Grip-Tite (Pliers)
    • Kwi-Kut (Chisels)
    • Universal (Pliers #305 combination)

    Kraeuter & Co Assigned Patents

    Arthur Kraeuter Patents

    Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

    • K-Diamond

    Kroeschell Bros. Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Ideal (Pipe Wrenches)

    L. A. Sayre & Son (Newark, NJ) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    La Grippe Wrench Company (Battle Creek, MI) - incorporated 9/21/1900 by: Carl F. Beach - Chairman, Arthur B. Williams - Sec, Erasmus D. Beach - Treas, Julia E. Clark - Manager, D. Lyman Reade - Manager.  The factory and equipment were sold at auction in February of 1906.

    Lake Superior Wrench Company (Sault Sainte Marie, MI) - Incorporated 1/1/1910 by John Beaulieu - Pres., James R. Ryan - Sec/Treas.  However, we do find the company in January of 1909 advertising their wrench. 

    DATAMP Patents for the company.

    Lakeside Forge Co. (Erie, PA) - Charter issued on 6/20/1911.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    ------ Go here for company history

    Lambert Wrench Company (Chicago, IL)

    Lamson & Sessions Co. (Cleveland, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Buckeye (Wrenches)

    Larco Wrench & Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) - In 1920 the company received the trademark for LARCO.  Registration #131,336 (not found).

    Larco Advertisement from June, 1921.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Speednut (Adjustables)

    Lectrolite Corp. (Defiance, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • True-Fit (Wrenches)
    • S-K - Lectrolite (Most tools)
    • Lectromium (Wrench)

    ​------ Go here for Research & History

    Liberty Chuck & Wrench Company (NJ) ca. 1904 - Charter revoked on 1/2/1906 for 2 years consecutive not paying state taxes.  The company appears to have purchased a factory in Middleton, CT in 1902 and it was foreclosed on in 1904.

    Lind Universal Tool Co. (Providence, RI) - Incorporated January 17, 1908 as reported in Industry Week, January 30,1908 by Walter V. McGinn and Byron Rose.  On June 10, 1910 the company was dissolved.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Lind Universal (Pipe Wrenches)

    The L. L. Lord Co. (Meadville, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Lord (Ratchets)

    L & L Manufacturing Co. (Newark, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Slot Lock (Adjustables)

    Little's Automatic Wrench Company (Cresson, PA) - Chartered 6/4/1912.  The 1/3/1913 edition of the Altoona Tribune reports that Little's wrench is being manufactured by the expanding Monarch Works.  The article notes the inventor as W. A. Little.  It is patent #1,029,074.

    Lockhart Wrench Co. - DATAMP reports Patent #725,103 for a chain pipe wrench by Richard James Lockhart was produced by the company.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Lockhart (Pipe Wrenches)

    Lorain Wrench Co. (Elyria, OH) - Incorporated 9/29/1887 - Destroyed by fire 5/25/1899. 

    DATAMP Patents for Lorain Wrench Co., both patented by A. D. Gates.  Patent #396,751 for a wrench attachment by Charles F. Laganke and Thomas E. Gawn was also assigned to Lorain Wrench Co.  Canadian Patent #28,873 by Alfonso D. Gates was also assigned to Lorain Wrench.

    Losee Wrench Works (Corey, PA)  ​- J. A. Losee.  Bankruptcy in May of 1911. 

    Jesse A. Losee Patent #864,659 - Wrench

    Lovell Wrench Co. (Worcester, MA) ca. 1897 - DATAMP patents for Lovell Wrench Co., both by Albert Kingman Lovell. 

    We also found Patent #476,767 - Wrench by Mr. Lovell. 

    A google search for Mr. Lovell patents reveals him a prolific inventor.

    October 22, 1896 article on the improved Lovell Bicycle Wrench in Iron Age.

    Lowell Wrench Co. (Lowell, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Automobile (Ratchet)
    • Multiplex (Ratchet)
    • Red Face (Ratchet)
    • Red Socket (Ratchet)

    Lownes Novelty & Wrench Works (Huntsville, AL) ​- Organized by Phineas William Lownes in 1891 to produce his wrench under Patent #446,220.

    Lynds Wrench Company (Wilmington, DE) - Incorporated 12/19/1919 by Martin E. Smith, M. E. Doto, and Artemus Smith.  Another article from 1/13/1920 in Muskogee, OK announces that J. H. Lynds of Muskogee invented a wrench and Incorporated the company in DE.  It notes the wrenches will be produced in Chicago and that J. H. Lynds is Pres, A. J. Rotenberry is Treas, and M. O. Lynds is Sec.   

    Jesse H. Lynds Patent #1,284,731 - Wrench.

    Jesse H. Lynds Patent #1,359,403 - Wrench

    J. W. Mahlon & Company (New York, NY) ​-

    Article about the Mahlon wrench from 1871 based on James W. Mahlon Patent #118,619 - Wrench

    The Mason Tool and Wrench Company (Chicago, IL)  ​-​ The July 1, 1906 Cycle and Automobile Trade Journal  has an article on the Noyes Wrench, and notes it's manufacturer as the Mason Tool and Wrench Company of Chicago.  Charles H. Noyes Patent #819,246 - Wrench.

    James and M. M. Maher Chain Tongue and Wrench Company (Liverpool, OH) - Incorporated 11/5/1913 by James Maher.

    James Maher Pipe, Tongs and Wrench Company (Delaware, OH) - The July, 1918 edition of Mill Supplies announces the incorporation of the company in Wheeling, WV.  Incorporators are listed as M. E. McComb, S. M. Noyes, and L. B. Sorge. 

    A notice in Machinery of December, 1920 announces the incorporation.  Officers are James Maher - Pres., M. G. Williamson - Treas./Sec., and G. A. Yocke - GM.

    Greene (also Green) Wrench Company (Marshall, MI) - Reports new equipment being installed in their new factory on South Jefferson St. 1/10/1923.  Officers reported are Paul Greene - Pres., C. C. Cortright - VP, Charles C. Smith - GM / Treas., and John Paul Jones - Sec.

    Maxson & Maxson Co. (West Edmeston, NY) - Listed in a directory in 1915 only.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • M & M (Pliers)

    Mayhew Steel Products Inc. (Includes H. H. Mayhew Co.) (Shelbourne Falls, MA) - According to many sources, H. H. Mayhew succeeded the H. S. Shepardson Company in 1866.  We have found no official records to support this.  H. S. Shepardson was a prolific inventor of braces, brace bits and particularly, locks and lock mechanisms.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Black Forged (Hammers)
    • Bull Dog (Punches)
    • Cats Paw (Punches, Awls, Picks, etc.)
    • D.M.T (Hammers)
    • Dominator (Pry Bars, Scrapers, Awls, Picks, etc.)
    • Monarch (Punches, Screwdrivers)
    • Maydole (Hammers)
    • Maydox (Hammers)
    • Mayhew (Punches) (First use "At Least" 1895)
    • Norwich (Hammers)
    • Octole (sp) (Hammers)
    • Old Forge Tools (First use 3/1/1989)
    • Peerless (Punches, Screwdrivers)
    • Perpetuo (Screwdrivers)
    • Pilot Punch (Spring Roll Punch)
    • Sureforce (Clamps)

    McKaig Drop Forge Co. (Buffalo, NY) - We have not found the formation announcement for this company.  Interestingly, we find this company beginning in 1912, advertising the Sure-Cutter Pliers patented by Mr. McKaig.  A 1921 Engineering Directory lists McKaig Drop Forge (wrenches) and McKaig-Hatch (forgings & pliers).

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • McKaig's (Adjustables)
    • Sure-Cutter (Pliers) - (1912 advertisement) - Archibald McKaig Sr. - Patent #1,116,093 - Pliers

    McKaig-Hatch Inc. (Buffalo, NY) - In October of 1913, The Iron Age reports the formation of the company by Archibald McKaig - Pres., Chauncey R. Hatch - Treas./Sec., and Harry C. Young - VP.  This announcement from Industrial World of June, 1913 omits Mr. Young and names Frank S. Leary.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    ​McKercher Wrench & Tool Company (Jackson, MI)  ​- Incorporated 3/20/1902

    Meadville Wrench Co. (Meadville, PA) - Seriously damaged by fire 1/30/1919

    Edward C. Smith Patent #1,313,345 - Machine for Forming Wrench Heads - Assigned to Meadville Wrench. // Link to an article about the machine.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Meadville (Adjustables)

    Mechanics Tool Co. (Rockford, IL) - In November of 1929, it is reported that Eric S. Ekstrom is President.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (DOE Wrenches)

    Mechanics Tool & Forge Co. (Sabina, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • MAC (All Tools)

    -----Go here for company research

    Michigan Motor Specialties Co. (Detroit, MI) - This article on the company from the December, 1916 edition of Michigan Manufacture and Financial Record notes that the company was organized 3 years prior, placing its formation in 1913.  However, a newspaper article from August, 1912 announces an increase in capital from $20k to $75k.  Another article from June, 1915 notes the expansion to 4x the space in the company's rented area of the Colwell Lead Company.  On 6/6/1922 the bankruptcy sale of the company is announced.

    July 1913 article from the Electrical Record on "Becco" branded products. 

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Becco (Wrenches, motor car parts)

    Middlesex Wrench Company (Hartford, CT) - Incorporated 3/23/1880 by: Oren S. Knapp, Stillman H. Liboy, and Alphonso H. Carvill.  A May 27, 1880 announcement notes a petition for name change to the Prouty Press Company.  In July of 1905 the Prouty Press Company is listed in a page full of "defunct companies" for the state of CT.

    Milwaukee Tool & Forge (Milwaukee, WI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • True-Fit

       Contract Production For:

    • Blue Point

    -----Go here for company information

    Modern Sales Bureau (Chicago, IL) - Earliest mention for Mesnard pliers is in an April, 1911 edition of The Automobile Trade Directory.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Monarch Wrench Works / Monarch Tool Works / Monarch Wrench Company / Monarch Tool Company (St. Louis, MO)​ - We find the incorporation announced for the Monarch Tool Company on 10/26/1886 by John H. Peizer, E. L. Hall and L. M. Hall.  By 1905, the Monarch Tool Company is listed as being located in Cincinatti, OH (could be a different company). 

    The July 5, 1906 edition of American Machinist shows an advertisements for the Monarch adjustable alligator wrench.  The advertisements notes the wrench is sold by the Monarch Wrench Company, successor to the Monarch Tool Works.  A 1907 advertisement names H. F. Reddig as "manager."

    Advertisements show a patent year on the shank of the wrench of 1901.

    Advertisement from a 1907 edition of Railway Master Mechanic.

    Monte Wrench Company (Shelbyville, IN) - On 3/13/1908, local papers announce the change of name from the Vandergrift Manufacturing Company (Shelby County, IN) to the Monte Wrench Company.  The company was likely formed by Horace G. Montgomery.  Dissolved 1/24/1925.

    Montgomery Ward Sub Brands

    • Eclipse
    • Lakeside
    • Master Quality
    • Powr-Kraft
    • Riverside

    Moore Drop Forging Co. (Springfield, MA) Contract Production for

    • Sears-Craftsman
    • Dunlap
    • Ford

       Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Morgan Wrench Company (Hamburgh, NY) ca. 1898

    Morrow Wrench Company Inc. (Hammondsport, NY) - Incorporated 7/23/1927 by Nelson H. Wood, Victor E. Masson, and Edwin J. Van Gordon.

    Motor Parts Co. (Boston, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Auto-Cle (Ratchet, Sockets)
    • Titus-Cle (Ratchet, Sockets)

    Mound Tool & Scraper Co. (St. Louis, MO) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Mound (Chisels)

    M. W. Robinson Co. (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Carll (Wrenches)

    Neal Universal Wrench Company - Incorporated 4/29/1899 by Raymond Pease Smith of New Land Ct., and Joseph H. Reall of NYC.

    Neverslip Wrench Company, Inc. (Wilmington, DE?) - Incorporated 2/22/1923 (DE) by Fred F. Teno and Reed W. Smith of Harrison, NY, Edward G. Wescott of Pitman, NJ.

    New Britain Machine Company (New Britain, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Mustang (First use 1954 - Last use circa 1972)
    • None Better (First Use 1917 - Last use circa 1952)
    • NB (stylized without circle) (First use 1919)
    • Husky (First use 1/29/1924)
    • Blackhawk
    • NB (Circle)
    • Pick-Up (Wrench)

       Contract Production for

    • Sears - Craftsman Circle H (Sockets, Drive Tools, Ratchets)
    • Sears - Craftsman BE (Sockets, Drive Tools, Ratchets)
    • NAPA
    • MAC (Ratchets, Automatic Transmission Tools)
    • MATCO (Ratchets)
    • Penncraft (JC Penny)
    • Owatonna Tool Co. (OTC)
    • American Forge
    • Powerkraft

        NB Ratchet Production Brands List (As of 7/13/2016) (K) = Kilness Patent; (F) = Fors Patent; (C) = Costello Patent **Courtesy of work & collection by Powderkeg**

    • American Forge (K)
    • Billings (F)
    • Blackhawk (F, K)
    • Bluegrass (F, K)
    • Champion Plugmaster (K)
    • Craftsman (C, F)
    • Crescent (K)
    • Fairmount (F)
    • Filson (F)
    • Giller (K)
    • Husky (C, F, K)
    • K. R. Wilson (F)
    • JS (K)
    • Litton (K)
    • Mac (K)
    • Master Mechanic (K)
    • Matco (K)
    • Mustang (F, K)
    • NBM (K)
    • New Britain (C, F, K)
    • None Better (C, F)
    • OTC (K)
    • Penncraft (K)
    • Precision-Bilt (F)
    • Proto Challenger (K)
    • SP 45 (K)
    • Sparta (K)
    • Thorsen (K)
    • "unbranded" (K)
    • Vlchek (C)
    • Wardmaster (F)
    • Wix (F)

    New England Pressed Steel Co. (Natick, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (DOE Wrenches)

    Niagara Falls Metal Stamping Works (Niagara Falls, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Pokitrenchiz (Wrenches)

    Niagara Metal Stamping Corp. (Niagara Falls, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Premax (Wrenches)

    Niagara Wrench Company (Niagara Falls, NY) - Incorporated by John Farnsworth, Silvanus Hussey, H. L. Greg, George B. L. Wilson, and Albert L. Wilson in late July, 1893

    ​Niagara Wrench & Tool Company (Blasdell, NY) ​ca. 1896

    Nilson Walters Wrench Company (Casselton, ND) ca. 1903

    Nonparell Pipe Wrench Co. (Springfield, MO) - William P. Collins ca. 1895

    North Brothers Manufacturing Co. (Philadelphia, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Yankee (Spiral Screwdrivers, Ratcheting Drivers)

    The North Star Wrench Company (St. Paul, MN) - Incorporated 6/13/1904 by R. B. Higbee, Thomas L. Billingsley, and Frank H. Griggs.

    Norwalk Wrench Company (Phoenix, AZ) - Incorporated 7/17/1906 by H. E. Dennison, William E. Dennis, and Frederic Norwood.

    Novel Wrench Company (Philadelphia, PA) - ca. early 1890's

    The Novelty Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Reported as a "new Company" September, 1886.  Newspaper states the manufacture Bradley's Adjustable Carriage Wrench.

    Noyes Wrench Company (Omaha, NE?) - Incorporated ca. 6/1907 by LeRoy C. Brown, Samuel Barrett, and Charles H. Noyes.

    Oakes Pressed Steel Co. (Indianapolis, IN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (DOE Wrenches)

    Offset Handle Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 2/24/1905 by George W. Bird, John W. Alderman, and Charles F. Templeton.

    Ohio Automobile & Wrench Company (Cleveland, OH) ca. 1900

    Oliver-Barth Jack Co. (Milwaukee, WI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Oliver (Adjustables)

    O'Mullins Quick Adjustable Wrench Company (Terre Haute, IN) - Incorporated 4/30/1914 by John N. White, Ollie O'Mullins, Herman Harms ("and others")

    Oswego Tool Co. (Oswego, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Giles (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Oswego Standard (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Stillson Pattern (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Pease Design (Pliers)

    Owatonna Tool Co. (Owatonna, MI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • OTC (Most Tools)

    P Lowentrant Mfg. Co. (Newark, NJ) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • U.S. (Wrenches, Pipe Wrenches, Pliers)

    Packer Auto Specialty Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Ray (Ratchet, Sockets)

    Page Storms Drop Forge Co. (Chicopee, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • P. S.  (Wrenches, Alligator Wrenches)

    Panama Wrench Company (CA) ​- ca. 4/1916

    Parmelee Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL) - This company was likely formed in the late 1890s by Justin Parmelee.  On April 4, 1909, Domestic Engineering reports the passing of Justin Parmelee, then President of the company.  A March, 1914 wedding announcement identifies Roy Parmelee (Justin's son) as President of the company.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Parmelee (Pipe Wrenches, Ratchets, Socket Wrenches)

    Note that Homer has an earlier "Design Patent," #17,614 for a steam radiator that is assigned to Bartlett, Hayward & Co.  Homer also patented an improved method for molding pipes in 1860, Patent #29,908.  Homer also patented a machine for winding / twisting fibers, Patent #56,258.

    Homer Parmelee (Baltimore) Patent #379,123 - Pipe Wrench - Unassigned

    Homer Parmelee (Philadelphia) Patent #590,853 - Pipe Wrench - Unassigned

    Homer Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #648,706 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Justin Parmele

    Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #871,436 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Parmele Wrench Co.

    Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #1,336,754 - Pipe Vise - Self Assigned

    Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #1,336,755 - Pipe Vise - Self Assigned

    Patterson, Gottfried & Hunter, Ltd. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Ellis (Pipe Wrenches)

    Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Pexto (in circle) (Wrenches, Pliers, Hatchets, Hammers) (First use 6/5/1914) // Pexto (in circle [2]) PEXTO (block, no circle)
    • Samson (Brace)
    • Mekanik

    Perfection Wrench Co. (Port Chester, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Perfection (Adjustables)

    Pittsburgh Automatic Wrench Company (Pittsburgh, PA) - Incorporated 7/8/1904 by George H. Corey, Eugene Schooley, and J. L. Cohencious.  Plant closed down and all contents sold on June 28, 1906.

    Plomb Tool Co. (Anaheim, CA) Sub Brands: / Trade Names / Trademarks

       * Penens Corp (Los Angeles, CA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Challenger (~1953 - 1975) (Under Challenger Tool Co. [Div. Ingersoll Rand] from ~1966)
    • Fleet (~1963 - 1977) (Under Fleet Tool Co. [Div. Ingersoll Rand] from ~1970)
    • Fleet Quality Tools (First Use 8/29/1947)
    • Socketeer (Socket Wrench Sets) (First 3/31/1954)

       Contract Production for

    • Vlchek
    • Air Force "WF"
    • Bell Systems
    • ArtCraft (Pep Boys) (Ratchet, Drive Tools)
    • Mastercraft (Coast-to-Coast Stores)

      * Fleet Tool Corp. (Schiller Park, Ill) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Fleet (First use on wrenches 8/1/1947) (Registered 1965)

    Pollock Automatic Wrench Company (Des Moines, IA)

    Portsmouth Wrench Company (South Elliot, ME) - Organized April of 1884 C. E. Cushing - Pres.  Always Ready Wrench

    Potter Mfg. Co. (Boston, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Union (Pipe Wrenches)

    Providence Auto Equipment Co. (Providence, RI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Keystone (Wrenches)

    Quality Tools Co / Old Forge Tools (New Wilmington, PA) - Contract Production For:

    • MATCO
    • MAC
    • Cornwell
    • New Britain

    Quick Acting Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 6/27/1901 by Charles D. Albert, J. E. Talfer, and Z. C. Shaw (another paper notes H. C. Shaw).

    Racine Wrench Company (Racine, WI) - place into receivership late October, 1893.  F. M. Knapp appointed receiver.

    Rasnick Wrench Corporation (Clintwood, VA) - Incorporated 11/1/1907 by J. K. Damron - Pres., W. H. Rouse - VP, R. E. Chase - Secretary.  Organized to produced a wrench patented by Noah W. Rasnick - Patent #850,315 - Wrench - Self Assigned.  This company does appear in Virginia's 1912 list of corporations but there is no indication the wrench was produced.

    Ratchet Wrench Company (York Springs, PA) - building factory 10/1887, Chartered 5/7/1888.

    Red Chief Mfg. Co. (Louisville, KY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • L. G. (Adjustables)

    Reed Manufacturing Co. (Erie, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Tiger Standard (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Reed (Pliers, DOE Wrenches)

    Republic Auto Parts Co. (Long Island City, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Humboldt (Wrenches)
    • Sterling (Wrenches)

    R. F. Sedgley (Philadelphia, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • K & S (Wrenches)
    • Hexall (Wrenches)

    Richards-Wilcox Mfg. Co. (Aurora, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Wizard (Ratchets, Adjustables)

    Ripley Pipe Wrench Co. Sub Brands

    • Leader (Pipe Wrenches)

    The Robinson Wrench Company (Middlefield, OH) - Incorporatedc 9/21/1921 by Charles Wilkerson, Harry A., Donald E., and Harry A. Wilkerson Jr., and Paul King.

    Roren Drop Forging Co. Inc. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Bullard (Pipe Wrenches, Pliers)

    Ross Gear & Tool Co. Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Headson (Pipe Wrenches)

    Russel Wrench Company (Cleveland, OH) ca. 1883 - Noah R. Steiner (also reported as Stiner) - Sec

    Russell Wrench & Novelty Co. (Creston, OH) ca. 1882

    S & A Manufacturing Co. (Boston, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Quixet (Wrenches)

    Samson Wrench Company (La Crosse, WI) - Incorporated 1/21/1925 by George W. Kelley, Louis R. Corbell, and Lloyd O. Benoit

    Scholler Manufacturing Co., Inc. (Buffalo, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Scholler (Adjustables)

    The William Schollhorn Co. (New Haven, CN) - Incorporated in 1891 as a "Hardware Manufacturer."  In 1896 they filed a patent infringement suit against the Bridgeport Hardware Manufacturing Co. regarding shear and punch designs.  In 1899 they sold the hand shear part of their business to The National Shear Company.  They appear to have remained in business until at least the late 1940's.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    DATAMP Patents assigned to the William Schollhorn Co.

    S & I Co. (Springfield, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Never Break (Screwdrivers)
    • Reliable (Screwdrivers)
    • Rival (Screwdrivers)

    Sherman-Klove Tools (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

       Contract Production for

    • Hinsdale (sockets - unproven)
    • Kraeuter (Ratchets, sockets)
    • Sears - Craftsman (Circle K 3/4 drive Ratchet, sockets)
    • Sears - Fulton (Sockets, Drive Tools)
    • Gambles Artisan (Sockets, Drive Tools)
    • MAC (Ratchets)
    • Western Giant (Ratchets)

    Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

    • Alloy (S-K Lectrolite, S-K Tools RP, S-K Wayne RP, S-K RP, S-K Tools Line Wrenches)
    • Chrome Vanadium Steel (S-K Diamond RP Wrenches)

    Sears Roebuck Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Craftsman
    • Cross Country
    • Dunlap
    • Fulton
    • Merit

    Self-Adjusting Tool and Wrench Company (Oakland, CA?) - 6/1/1924 - "Newly formed."  Wrenches to be produced by the Safe-Wheel Company Inc. of Oakland.  Officers at the time are D. E. Bohannon - Pres., C. S. Crellin - VP, J. H. Vockrill - Sec./Treas., and Dan Van Wagenen - GM.

    Serve-U-Wrench Company (Cleveland, OH) - Incorporated 5/22/1928 by Bernard A. Kellish, O. J. Kellish, and Ray Cramer

    Sherman-Klove (La Grange & Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Lectrolite
    • Tiger Tools (Gambles)
    • S-K (First use 12/1932)
    • S-K Chrome
    • Chrome Alloy (Contract production sockets)
    • S-K Tools (No first use listed, awarded 1934)
    • Artisan (Socket sets)
    • S-K Wayne
    • S-K Lectrolite
    • Brazil

    Contract Production For:

    • MAC Tools (Ratchets)
    • Sears - Fulton (Socket Sets)
    • Sears - Craftsman Circle K (Mainly 3.4" drive tools, some 1/2" drive)
    • Gambles

    Sixteen to One Wrench Company (Indianapolis, IN) - Incorporated 3/30/1899

    Smith & Hemenway Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Red Devil (Pliers)
    • Yemco (Adjustables)
    • Imco (Pliers)

    Snap-On (Kenosha, WI) - Chartered to do business in Texas 10/21/1924.  2/4/1923 Newspaper article announcing "Blue Point" cold chisels.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Blue Point
    • Par-X
    • Octo-Grip

       Contract Production for

    • Sears - Craftsman (C Series Ratchets, Possibly Sockets)
    • Ingersoll-Rand (Impact Sockets)

    ​South Bend Wrench & Tool Company (South Bend, IN)  ​- ca. 1922

    Spring Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) ca. 1903

    Stadeker Metal Specialty Co. (Chicago, IL) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Stadco (Wrenches)

    Staff Brothers Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Staff (Adjustables)

    Standard Nipple & Tool Co. (West Newton, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Duplex (Pipe Wrenches)

    Standard Wrench & Tool Co. (Providence, RI) - Bankrupt ca. November, 1913

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Fit-Z-all (Adjustable)
    • Fitzall (Wrenches)

    Stanley Tools (Includes Stanley Rule & Level and all other division/iterations) (New Britain, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Hercules (Screwdrivers)
    • Stanley-Atha (Hammers)
    • Hurwood (Screwdrivers)

    Star Mfg. Co. (Carpentersville, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Star (Pipe Wrenches)

    Star Wrench Company (St. Louis, MO) - Incorporated 9/14/1895.  Incorporators are L. M. Friedy, J. W. Donnell, and C. Friedy.

    Sterling Tool & Wrench Company (Sterling, IL) - Article from 2/23/1904 notes several officers resigned at a board meeting held the prior evening.

    Sterling Wrench Company (Sterling & Findlay, OH) Moved from Sterling to Findlay in March of 1888.  Sold out to "Eastern Parties" and the company will move to Akron.  Article states they wil also dispose of all wrench patents.  The company will be renamed to The Akron Tool Company - 9/18/1889

    Stevenson Wrench Company (Cecil County, DE) Incorporated 7/12/1896 by George B. Stevenson of NJ, and George W. Cosdan, James Mallen, Charles H. Squier, John S. Simcoe, Andrew Anderson, Theodore J. Abrams, William Thomas Hammond, and John W. Falls of Cecil County  - closed August 1897 (may have moved to MD in April of 1897).  Sold at auction 2/19/1898.

    P A Sturtevant Co. (Addison, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Contract Production For:

    • Plomb Tool Co.
    • Bonney Forge & Tool
    • Owatonna Tool Co.
    • Herbrand Tools

    Paul A. Sturtevant Patents

    Paul Sturtevant applied for his first torque wrench related patent in November of 1938.  The website for Sturtevant Richmont (current company) states he started the P. A. Sturtevant Co. in 1940.  We have yet to discover a notice of formation.

    The assignments page for the Sturtevant trademark is interesting because it lists the following "assignees:" P. A. Sturtevant Co., Airetool Mfg. Company, SK Wayne Corp., Waugh Equipment Co, and the last owner (in 1968) was Dresser Industries.

    Superior Wrench Co. (Marshalltown, IA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Superior (Pipe Wrenches)

    Sure Grip Fire Hydrant Wrench Company (Paducah, KY) - Incorporated 9/11/1915 by A. L. Hays, A. N. McKinney, C. H. Gentry and R. M. Hays.

    Syracuse Wrench Co. (Syracuse, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Champion (Wrenches, Ratchets)
    • Yala (Wrenches)
    • Viau's (Pipe Wrenches)

    Thorsen Tool Co. (Emeryville, CA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Thurston Mfg. Co. (Providence, RI) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Thurston Patent (Pipe Wrenches)

    Toledo Wrench Co. (Toledo, OH) - March, 1884 - considering moving to Indianapolis.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Duquette Two Way (Pipe Wrenches)

    Tower & Lyon Co. (New York, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Involute (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Tower's (DOE Wrenches)

    Trimont Mfg. Co. (Roxbury, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Trimo (Original) // Trimo (Pipe Wrenches, Wrenches, Adjustables) (First use 1/1894)

    Truth Tool Co. (Mankato, MN) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Contract Production For:

    • Montgomery Wards - Wards Master (Sockets)

    ------See here for company research

    Tuck Manufacturing Co. (Brockton, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Hercules (Screwdrivers)
    • Giant (Screwdrivers

    We found a notice that the factory's foundation had been poured in 1892.  They are mentioned as a "Shoe Tool Manufacturer"  According to Mill Supplies Magazine of July, 1917, the company officers are: Pres - Lon Weston; Treas - Lawrence G. Weston; M. G. Weston.  1917 is the last listing for the company.

    Tudor Mfg. Co. (Taunton, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Bay State (Ratchet)

    Turner & Deegan (Bristol, CN)

    • Turner (Wrenches)

    This text below is from "Bristol Connecticut, in the olden time," from the Internet Archive (click the link and click CTRL F, you will then have to search for Deegan to find it on the page)

    The individual proprietors of the works are; Messrs. Geo. H.
    Turner and Patrick H. Deegan. The business consists of the manufac-
    ture of bit braces, screw drivers and other light hardware. 

    This enterprise was established in March, 1894, at Forestville,
    in the factory known as the old Bit Shop, formerly used for the manu-
    facturing of clocks, and located on the Pequabuck River. They con-
    tinued business in this factory for about five years, when in the spring
    of 1899, March 13, Mr. Deegan, through an accident, received injuries
    from which he died, March 20. 

    Mr. Turner purchased of the estate Mr. Deegan's interest, continuing the business under the firm's name. During this year Mr. Turner purchased of A. H. Warner & Company their water privilege, located in northern part of the town in the village formerly called Polkville, now called Edgewood, and built a new factory and moved into it November of the same year. This gave them more room which they needed in the manufacturing of their goods, which has developed a demand for their products in all parts of the United States and foreign countries.

    Twin Grip Sales Co. (Twin Grip Wrench Company) (New York, NY)

    • Twin (Wrenches)

    References found from 1911 to 1913.

    Two-Way Automatic Wrench Company (St. Louis, MO) - Ordered to stop selling/offering stock in MO on 8/26/1923.  E. E. Gerlinger (Sec./Treas.) noted no wrenches had been sold and they were being manufactured in Chicago.

    Union Hardware Co. (Torrington, CN) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Gem (Adjustables)
    • Champion (Screwdrivers)
    • Valley (Screwdrivers)

    U.S. Ratchet Wrench Co. (Peoria, IL)

    Company first appears in 1908 newspapers looking for local sales reps.  They seem to fade out around 1915.

    United States Vise & Pipe Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 10/28/1893 to manufacture and sell iron and steel wares such as vises, wrenches, pipes, etc.  Incorporators are Charles A. Patterson, Andrew Hallner, Claes Roberg, and Adolf F. Bergborn. 

    United States Wrench Company (Washington, DE?) - On 12/1/1928, the factory and contents were sold at public auction.

    Universal Wrench Company (Newark, NJ) - Incorporated 11/20/1912 by Russell D. Clancy, Ransom Y. Boyee, and Alva A. Brown.

    Utica Drop Forge & Tool Co. (Utica, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Contract Production for

    • Plomb Tool (Adjustables)
    • Montgomery Ward - Master Quality (Pliers)
    • Montgomery Ward - Lakeside (Pliers)

    ------See here for company research

    Utility Wrench Company (New York, NY) - Incorporated June 27, 1885

    Uwanta Wrench Company (Meadville, PA) - ca. 1907 - Doubled it's capital investment in July of 1912.

    Vandergrift-Conger Wrench Company (Shelbeyville, IN) - 12/23/1905 - organized for the purpose of manufacturing the T. F. Vandergrift patented wrenches.

    Vandegrift Wrench Company (Shelbyville, IN) ca. 1904 (factory destroyed by fire in 10/30/1904).  On 3/13/1908, local papers announce the change of name from the Vandergrift Manufacturing Company (Shelby County, IN) to the Monte Wrench Company.

    The Vandergrift Mfg. Co. (Jamestown, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Vandergrift (Pipe Wrenches)

    Here is a nice little story and picture on the company, also known as Blackstone Mfg. Co.

    George Vandergrift Blackstone Patents

    Vandergrift-Conger Wrench Company (Shelbeyville, IN) - 12/23/1905 - organized for the purpose of manufacturing the T. F. Vandergrift patented wrenches.

    Van Doren Mfg. Co. (Chicago Heights, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Vandor (Chisels, Hammers)

    Found references as early as 1909 for the "Tait Tool-Holder."  Latest reference found is 1915.

    Verner Wrench Company (San Fancisco, CA) ca. 1890

    Victor Mfg. Co. (Detroit, MI) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Vimco (Wrenches)

    Vlchek Tool Co. (Cleveland, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Motiv
    • Norivell
    • Vlchek (First use 1/1/1910)
    • Crusader (found in multiple local HW store ads)

       Contract Production for

    • Bonney (Bon-E-Con) (Wrenches)
    • Gamble Auto Supply - Tiger Tools (Wrenches)
    • Montgomery Ward - Master Quality (Wrenches)
    • Sears - Craftsman BT (Ratchets, Hammers)
    • Sears - Dunlap (Wrenches)
    • Sears - Fulton (Wrenches, Pliers)
    • Sears - Merit (Wrenches)
    • SW (Wrenches)
    • Thorsen Speed Hed (Wrenches)
    • Walden (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - Westcraft (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - Westline (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - Wizard (Wrenches)
    • Western Auto - ChromeXQuality (Wrenches, Chisels)

    ------See here for company research

    Wailt Wrench Compony (Wilmington, DE) - Incorporated 10/16/1917 by William F. O'Keefe, George G. Stiegler, and E. E. Wright.

    Walden Mfg. Co. (Worcester, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Walden (Ratchets)
    • Spintite (Nut Drivers) (First use 9/15/1923)
    • Chrome Nickel
    • Boxtite (DBE Wrenches)
    • In-a-Grip (Hex, Set & Cap Screw tools)
    • Starwheel (wrenches)
    • Pony (Small socket sets)

    ------See here for company history

    Walworth Mfg. Co. (Boston, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Genuine Stillson (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Stillson (Pipe Wrenches)
    • Walco Hex (Adjustables)

    Incorporated 2/12/1872 - Here is a link to all business records (acquisitions, etc.).  Reference ALL RECORDS FOR: "Walworth Company," "Walworth Manufacturing Co.," and "Walworth Manufacturing Company" in the link.

    Walworth Mfg. Co. Patents

    Warnock Mfg. Co. (Worcester, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Warnock (Pipe Wrenches, Strap Wrenches)

    Warren Axe & Tool Co. (Warren, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • American Stillson (Pipe Wrenches)

    Warren Axe & Tool Patents

    Waterbury Wrench Company (Waterbury, CT) - Organized 11/4/1896.  Destroyed by fire 10/19/1896 (patented bicycle wrench).  In the Journals of Charles Somers Miller there are 2 entries regarding the company.  First on 4/12/1898 he writes that the company has gone into receivership by W. H. Brooks.  Second, on 6/9/1898 the company closed it's doors for good. 

    DATAMP Patent link for their bicycle wrench.

    September, 1896 Iron Age article on the Waterbury wrench.

    Wells Brothers Co. (Division of Greenfield Tap & Die) (Greenfield, MA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Little Giant (Wrenches, Ratchets)

    Wells Brothers Co. Patents

    Western Auto Sub Brands (OR Sold through Western Auto) / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • ChromeXQuality
    • Chromium Vanadium (Indestro Socket Sets)
    • Master Quality
    • Perfection
    • Western Auto Stores
    • Western Auto - Westcraft
    • Western Auto - Westline
    • Western Auto - Wizard
    • Western Giant
    • Multi-Hex (Hinsdale Wrenches)
    • Obstructo (Herbrand Obstruction Wrenches)

    West Haven Manufacturing Co. (New Haven, CN) Incorporated in 1903 and the company was dissolved in June of 1932. - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Peck's Plier Wrench (Pliers)

    Western Tool & Forge (Brackenridge, PA / Tarentum, PA) - Earliest mention is 1908 at which point this reference states they employed 100 men.  May have originated as the James H. Baker Manufacturing Co.  Western disappears from magazines and newspapers circa 1921/22. - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Chisels - 1911
    • Hammers - 1911, 1922
    • Wrenches - Double End Adjustable S - 1911
    • Wrenches - Drop Forged - 1911
    • Crowbars - - 1911, 1922

    Whitaker Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Whitaker (Adjustables)

    Whitman & Barnes Mfg. Co. (Akron, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Diamond (Chisels)
    • Railroad Special (Adjustables)

    Wilde Tool Co. (Hiawatha, KS) (See Company History Here) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    Contract Production for

    • Sears - Craftsman
    • MAC
    • MATCO
    • ***Possible Truth Tool (Wrenches)

    Froeschl Patents

    Will B. Lane (Unique Tool Co.) (Chicago, IL) - Dates to at least 1909 (earliest reference found in Machinery Magazine).  - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Unique (Wrenches)

    William E. Pratt Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) - Founded in 1893 and acquired by The Joslyn Manufacturing & Supply Co. in June of 1940. - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Superior (Adjustables)

    William E. Rosel Co. (Columbus, OH) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • 5 in 1 (Wrenches)

    William Johnson Co. (Newark, NJ) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    The William Schollhorn Co. (New Haven, CN) - Incorporated in 1891 as a "Hardware Manufacturer.  In 1896 they filed a patent infringement suit against the Bridgeport Hardware Manufacturing Co. regarding shear and punch designs.  In 1899 they sold the hand shear part of their business to The National Shear Company.  They appear to have remained in business until at least the late 1940's. 

    DATAMP Patents assigned to the William Schollhorn Co.

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    Williams & Davis Wrench Company (Kelvin, AZ) - Organized ca. 4/1907 by Frank Williams, Thomas Kavanaugh and Charles Cutting.  Manufacturing to take place "in an eastern city." 

    This company was formed to manufacture Patent #825,874 - Wrench by Frank Williams and John Davis of Kelvin, AZ.  It is unlikely this wrench was ever produced (at least by this company) as the formation notice is the only reference found.

    Worcester Pressed Steel Co. (Worcester, MA) - Founded in 1883 by Edmund Converse as The Worcester Ferrule & Manufacturing Co.  In 1904 the company was taken over by Milton P. Higgins and reformed as The Worcester Pressed Steel Co.  Go here to see a nice history and picture of the plant from circa 1910.  -  Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • -- (Pliers)

    Wright Tool & Forge (Barberton, OH) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Bobcat

       Contract Production For:

    • MATCO (Ratchets, 3/4 Drive Sockets)
    • MAC (Ratchets, Specialty Sockets)
    • Bluegrass

    ------Go here for Company history

    The Wright Wrench & Forging Co. (Canton, OH) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Stover (Pipe Wrenches)
    • -- (Pliers)

    This is the text from the company formation announcement from the publication Industrial World, August, 1909 from the Internet Archives:

    Wright Wrench Manufacturing Company. Canton; capital, $150,000; manufacturing tools, implements, wrenches, etc.,; James F. Wright, Harry C. Haight, Henry C. Milligan, Thomas F. Turner and M. C. Barbery. 

    At some point in 1910, the company changed their name to the Wright Wrench & Forging Co.  We also found an article from 1910 mentioning that William B Haight was co-owner of the company with his brother.  Interestingly, this same article notes the sale of 35,000 wrenches to Russia.

    The company seems to disappear circa 1915.

    Here is a brief article with pictures regarding the Wright Auto Wrench.

    The York Wrench Company (Duluth, MN) - Incorporated 4/25/1921 by George O'Haire - Pres., John Wahl - VP, and J. W. Hunt - Sec.

    Yount Wrench Company (Crawfordsville, IN) - ca. 1896