Ideal Wrench Company (New York, NY) - Incorporated 3/24/1897 by John F. Thomson, Alfred Josephson, and Ferdinand Beach. Advertisement for their combined nut wrench and screwdriver. Patent #572,035 by Walter C. Stokes for a bicycle wrench / screwdriver was assigned to the Ideal Wrench Company for manufacture in 1897. Prior to assigning the patent to Ideal, Mr. Stokes contracted the Garvin Machine Company to produce the wrenches in February of 1897. Several hundred wrenches were produced by Garvin but the quality was so lacking, Stokes sued the company for breach of contract. The lawsuit appears to have started ca. 1900 and continuous appeals by Garvin strung the case out until 1905.