Hand Tool Manufacturers L - R

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LaGripper Wrench Company

LaGripper Wrench Company (Battle Creek, MI) - incorporated 9/21/1900 by: Carl F. Beach - Chairman, Arthur B. Williams - Sec, Erasmus D. Beach - Treas, Julia E. Clark - Manager, D. Lyman Reade - Manager.  The factory and equipment were sold at auction in February of 1906.  Here is a nice living biography of Carl Beach.  This biography (from 1904) notes he invented his wrench (and patented it) in 1899, and began manufacturing it in 1902.

Carl F. Beach Patent #758,499 - Wrench

Lake Superior Wrench Company

Lake Superior Wrench Company (Sault Sainte Marie, MI) - Incorporated 1/1/1910 by John Beaulieu - Pres., James R. Ryan - Sec/Treas.  However, we do find the company in January of 1909 advertising their wrench. 

DATAMP Patents for the company.

Lakeside Forge

According to an article in the January, 1911 edition of Mill Supplies, Lakeside Forge was "recently incorporated to take over the business and plant of the Lakeside Forge & Wrench Company."  A newspaper announcement states the company was chartered in Erie on 6/20/1911.  The Lakeside Forge & Wrench Company was incorporated on October 8, 1909 with Eugene Childs as President & General Manager. The 10/12/1909 edition of the Harrisburg Telegraph also notes that James McBriar is the Treasurer.

The charter for the Lakeside Forge Co. was announced on June 20, 1911 with an initial capital of $5,000.

In the July, 1920 edition of The Bulletin of the National Gas Engine Association, Lakeside Forge Officers are noted as:

  • F. B. McBrier - President (Also Director at Erie Trust Co., appears to own a great lakes steamer - the Nyanza, and possibly former Secretary of the Ball Engine Co. of Chicago, probable graduate of Cornell University)
  • A. Jarecki - Vice President (Officer of Jerecki Manufacturing Co., Incorporated in 1897 in Erie / Pittsburgh)
  • F. A. Brevillier - Secretary (At least 1913 - 1920 - VP/Secretary of United Gas & Fuel Co. of Hamlton (ltd.), 1919 - Secretary of American Gas Co.)
  • C. L. McLoskey - GM

The Maintenance of Way Cyclopedia of 1921 has a nice full page writeup on Lakeside Forge wrenches.

In January of 1924, the New Castle Herald reports the company employees 300 men.

The June 14, 1925 edition of Iron Age announced that the Lakeview Forge Company has been organized to take over operations of Lakeside Forge.  The second half of the snippet notes that they will operate out of the same building and discontinue wrench production in order to focus on commercial drop forgings.

The Kane Republican, on 11/18/1926 reports that the land and building of the Lakeside Forge Company has been purchased by the Uniflow Pump & Manufacturing Co. of Dayton, OH.

Lane Iron Works

The 6 March, 1944 edition of The Brooklyn Daily Eagle notes the filing of a Limited Partnership on February 4, 1944 for Lane Iron Works, located at 76 Lorimer St., Brooklyn, NY. They will sell "drop forgings, ornamental iron works and kindred commodities."  The general partner is Benjamin Lane, limited partners are: Michael G. Lane, Eva Zinn, and Rheba Muss.

Research continues to determine the origin and final disposition of the company as it appears to have existed well before the above anouncement.  We find listings for Lane Iron Works in Brooklyn as early as 1920.

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This wrench is a slim design that fits well in the hand. Forging is a bit rough, with pitting and the tool is unplated. It was found in Tennessee.

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Larco Wrench & Manufacturing Co.

Larco Wrench & Manufacturing Co. (Chicago, IL) - We find reference to the company in 1918 but have yet to find formation information.  In 1920 the company received the trademark for LARCO.  Registration #131,336 (not found).  The July 29/1920 edition of Iron Age reports that Larco has purchased a forging plant and machine shop at Woodlawn & 78th from the Great Lakes Forge Co. and will move there soon.  In August of 1921, Industry Week reports that Larco purchased the Cochran Mfg. & Forging Co.  We believe the Cochran property was owned by Great Lakes Forge and sold to Larco.  This article notes that Larco will continue producing Cochran products, including wrenches.

Larco Advertisement from June, 1921.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Speednut (Adjustables)
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Lavigne & Scott Manufacturing Company

Lavigne & Scott Manufacturing Company (New Haven, CT) ca. 1892 -

DATAMP Patents for Mr. Joseph P. Lavigne

Lectrolite Corporation

Milwaukee Tool and Forge, Lectrolite, S-K and Symington Wayne.

TRU-FIT - The TRU-FIT name was trademarked by Milwaukee Tool and Forge , filed 8/19/1929 and claiming first and continuous use as of January, 1921.  Lectrolite then trademarks TRU-FIT in 1952, claiming first use in January of 1932.  The trademark specifically mentions that Lectrolite also owns the Milwaukee Tool and Forge filed previous TRU-FIT trademark, under another registration number.  The late '20s and early 30s timeframe is just about when the Milwaukee Tool and Forge ceases to show up in searches.  Milwaukee Tool and Forge used the TRU-FIT trademark in a snippet from the 1931 Pilots Handbook, under an unknown catagory (probably files) Tru-Fit in a list containing other tool manufacturers such as Mayhew, Millers Falls, Plomb, Truth, Vlchek and Whitaker "Triple Diamond" (Triple Diamond refers to Whitaker files).  There do exist socket tools and wrenches from the 1920's with the TRU-FIT label.  Lectrolite continued to produce tools under the TRU-FIT moniker at least up into 1953.

In an article published in a 1932 edition of Hardware Age, the "recent formation" of Lectrolite Corp. is announced.  The article explains the formation of the company resulted from a merger of Milwaukee Tool & Forge Co., Saturn Electric Water Heater Corp., Defiance Stamping Co., and Pressed Products Co.

  1. Pressed Products Co. - Began operations on February 1, 1931 producing electrical appliances and hardware.  Employees numbered 26 when operations began and the Operations Manager was R. E. Dalton of Parkersburg, WV.
  2. Defiance Stamping Co. - Established in 1926 with $12,500 investment by C. V. Shepfer, Arnold Havilan, and L. Seelie

Officers of the newly formed Lectrolite Corp. were:

  • President & General Manager - Harold L. Schlosser (Incoming as President of Pressed Products Co.) (another article from Automotive Industries identifies Schlosser resigning his post as the "General Manager of the Napoleon Stamping division of the Monroe Auto Equipment Co.)  Monroe Auto Equipment Co. is the same company we know today for Monroe Shocks.  Monroe was taken over by Tenneco in 1976.  Tenneco also owned Walker (jacks) at the time.
  • Vice-President & Treasurer - J. C. Markey
    • Prior involvement with formation of the Elliott-Markey Co. in 1915 (Defiance, OH) along with H. L. Elliot, R. E. Markey, and B. R. Emery - Horseless Age Link
    • At the time of the formation of Lectrolite, J. C. Markey is referenced repeatedly as the President of the Aro Equipment Corp.  This Hardware Age article also seems to tie Saturn to Aro.  From what we can gather, Aro was principally involved in petroleum product dispensing machines.
  • Secretary - J. W. Davies - Unresolved history.
  • From an article dated 18 September, 1932 in the Cincinnati Inquirer, also mentions Mr. J. A. Otis (VP of Alemite Corp. and Stewart Warner), Mr. W. D. Kyle (President of Milwaukee Tool & Forge), and "C. J." (note J. C. above) Markey (President of Arc Equipment Co.)

In an article in the October 7, 1932 edition of the Oshkosh Daily Northwestern, the move of Milwaukee Tool & Forge to Defiance, OH is announced, citing "the uncertainty of the tax situation and the high taxes now in effect" as the reason for the move.  The Treasurer, identified as Miss Elizabeth M. Siemer, stated current taxes on a wood building in Wisconsin are $1200/yr where taxes in OH on a brick facility are $88/yr.  The article also notes that 75-100 men were employed at the time and manufacturing operations were to be shut down for the move on October 11.

The May 27, 1936 edition of The Sandusky Register reports on a strike of the entire workforce of 40 men and identifies Harold L. Schlosser as plant superintendent.

The 5/11/1941 edition of The Akron Beacon Journal reports that the Lectrolite plant is adding an additional 17,000 sq. ft. of floor space in order to "manufacture defense materials."

S-K Lectrolite - The trademark for S-K Lectrolite was filed on 11/23/1953, claiming first use in commerce since June of 1953.  The trademark was filed by Lectrolite Corporation and awarded on 11/22/1955.  This would place tools marked the S-K Lectrolite as being produced between June, 1953 and September / October of 1961, when Symington Wayne acquired Lectrolite.  **NEW NOTE**  See our entry just below announcing the Symington-Wayne acquisition of Lectrolite in or about September of 1961.

The April 27, 1961 edition of The Daily Times reports that the acquisition of Sherman-Klove by Symington Wayne occurred on April 3, 1961.

The September 25, 1961 edition of the Pittsburgh Post Gazzette reports that the Symington-Wayne Company will purchase the Lectrolite Corporation for $3,000,000.

This article from the September 22, 1961 edition of The Daily Times confirms that the Lectrolite acquisition will "compliment the products of their subsidiary, The Sherman-Klove Company" in the hand tool business.  Therefore, we can now conclude that there was never an S-K / Lectrolite merger, but simply an operating partnership.

It is interesting to note that we continue to find advertisements for job openings for the Lectrolite Corporation up to April of 1965.  We can assume that for at least that period of time, they continued to operate as Lectrolite.

Lectrolite Corp. (Defiance, OH)

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Lectrolite Wrenches

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Lind Universal Tool Co.

Lind Universal Tool Co. (Providence, RI) - Incorporated January 17, 1908 as reported in Industry Week, January 30,1908 by Walter V. McGinn and Byron Rose.  On June 10, 1910 the company was dissolved.  

James G. Lind - Patent #826,728 - Pipe Wrench (Canadian Patent #CA106,888)

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Lind Universal (Pipe Wrenches)
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Little's Automatic Wrench Company

Little's Automatic Wrench Company (Cresson, PA) - Chartered 6/4/1912.  The 1/3/1913 edition of the Altoona Tribune reports that Little's wrench is being manufactured by the expanding Monarch Works.  The article notes the inventor as W. A. Little.  It is patent #1,029,074.

Lockhart Wrench Co.

Lockhart Wrench Co. - DATAMP reports Patent #725,103 for a chain pipe wrench by Richard James Lockhart was produced by the company.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Lockhart (Pipe Wrenches)

Lorain Wrench Co.

Lorain Wrench Co. (Elyria, OH) - Incorporated 9/29/1887 - Destroyed by fire 5/25/1899. 

DATAMP Patents for Lorain Wrench Co., both patented by A. D. Gates.  Patent #396,751 for a wrench attachment by Charles F. Laganke and Thomas E. Gawn was also assigned to Lorain Wrench Co.  Canadian Patent #28,873 by Alfonso D. Gates was also assigned to Lorain Wrench.  In May of 1899, the factory was virtually destroyed by fire.  The 2/10/1899 edition of Hardware reports that the Globe Brass & Iron Mfg. Co. has leased the buildings formerly occupied by Lorain.  We don't believe the company survived the 1899 fire.

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The Iron Age - 3/13/1890

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Lovell Wrench Co.

Lovell Wrench Co. (Worcester, MA) ca. 1897 - DATAMP patents for Lovell Wrench Co., both by Albert Kingman Lovell. 

We also found Patent #476,767 - Wrench by Mr. Lovell. 

A google search for Mr. Lovell patents reveals him a prolific inventor.

October 22, 1896 article on the improved Lovell Bicycle Wrench in Iron Age

An example Lovell Wrench can be found here.

Lowell Wrench Co.

Lowell Wrench Co. (Lowell, MA) We first find the Lowell Wrench Company listed in the Eleventh Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association, having displayed their wares and received a Bronze medal for "Moore's Triple Action Ratchet Wrench Drill."  The judges rated the tool as "well adapted to meet the demand of a cheap ratchet drill or wrench, but not quite suitable for hard service."  In 1879 John E. Sinclair of Lowell Wrench sued Quinby Backus for patent infringement by introducing their "Coggeshall wrench."  We could not locate a wrench patent by Coggeshall, but Oliver Coggeshall of Providence, RI held scores of patents for buttons and clasps.  Lowell Wrench was victorious in their lawsuit.  Of particular or peculiar note is that the court found that "Moore's use of the invention before the application for patent was not sufficient to bar his right to a patent."  This curious finding leads us to believe the Moore wrench was manufactured and in use prior to the 12/1864 patent award date.

DATAMP Patents for Lowell Wrench Co.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Automobile (Ratchet)
  • Multoplex (Ratchet & Socket Set)
  • Red Face (Ratchet)
  • Red Socket (Ratchet)
  • STD (Square-Shank Twist Drill Ratchet)
  • Multo Autowrench (Ratchet & Socket Set ca. 1909 - Ad Link)

​Catalog References:

  • Catalog E - 1908
  • Catalog R - 1917
  • Catalog G - 1930

Lownes Novelty & Wrench Works

Lownes Novelty & Wrench Works (Huntsville, AL) ​- Organized by Phineas William Lownes in 1891 to produce his wrench under Patent #446,220.

 

Lufkin

Edward Taylor Lufkin establishes the E.T. Lufkin Board and Log Rule Manufacturing Company in Cleveland, Ohio - 1869. In 1877 alone, one billion board feet of lumber were cut and floated along the nearby 26-mile Saginaw River. E.T. Lufkin proclaimed that Lufkin® products are not the lowest in price, but are "the most durable and therefore the cheapest."

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These 1880 patent drawings show the first self-storing rewind crank for one of Lufkin's earliest long tapes.

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In 1855 under new ownership from four members of the Morley Brothers company and the management of Fred Buck, the E.T. Lufkin Board and Log Rule Manufacturing Company is renamed The Lufkin Rule Company.

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In 1890, Lufkin introduces its first steel measuring tape. From there, Lufkin develops various iterations of the retractable steel measuring tape to provide durable and precise measuring solutions for end users. One of these first steel measuring tapes is available to the public at The National Museum of American History.

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In 1892, Lufkin® moves operations from Cleveland to Saginaw, Michigan

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Lurie & Lurie

Lurie & Lurie (Chicago, IL) ​- Sidney J. and Benjamin L. Lurie - Their first joint patent was for a method of making sheet metal articles.  We have been unable to find company formation / disposition information.

Benjamin L. Lurie Patent #2,407,990 - Pipe Wrench

Benjamin L. Lurie Patent #2,579,594 - Pipe Wrench

Benjamin L. Lurie Patent #2,633,045 - Pipe Wrench

Benjamin L. Lurie Patent #2,986,054 - Wrench Handle Extension

 

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Example of a Lurie Patent #2,579,594 ​pipe wrench from The Wrenching News 2017 York auction listing.

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Lynds Wrench Company

Lynds Wrench Company (Wilmington, DE) - Incorporated 12/19/1919 by Martin E. Smith, M. E. Doto, and Artemus Smith.  Another article from 1/13/1920 in Muskogee, OK announces that J. H. Lynds of Muskogee invented a wrench and Incorporated the company in DE.  It notes the wrenches will be produced in Chicago and that J. H. Lynds is Pres, A. J. Rotenberry is Treas, and M. O. Lynds is Sec.   

Jesse H. Lynds Patent #1,284,731 - Wrench.

Jesse H. Lynds Patent #1,359,403 - Wrench

 

M. W. Robinson Co.

M. W. Robinson Co. (New York, NY) - We find this company in the 10/1/1893 edition of "The World" listed in NYC at 79 Chambers St.  Here is an article on the Carll Wrench from Power & the Engineer - July, 1892.  According to this snippet from Cope's book, M. W. Robinson was founded in 1869 to act as the sole selling agent for Smith & Wesson.  They began manufacturing small tools in the 1870's.  In 1893, M. W. Robinson bought the Davis Level & Tool Co.

According to McRae's Blue Book 1966, the company was still operating.

Here is an example of a level made by this company.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

Addison B. Carll Patents from DATAMP

Maher, James and M. M. Chain Tongue and Wrench Company

James and M. M. Maher Chain Tongue and Wrench Company (Liverpool, OH) - Incorporated 11/5/1913 by James Maher.  On 4/6/1912 local newspaper reporting indicates the Maher brothers entered into an agreement to have their wrenches produced by W. A. and C. A. Smith of East Liverpool, OH in exchange for partial patent rights.  According to the article, the wrenches were produced but patent rights never signed over and therefore, the Smiths sued.  No resolution of the lawsuit was found.

James Maher Pipe, Tongs and Wrench Company (Delaware, OH) - The July, 1918 edition of Mill Supplies announces the incorporation of the company in Wheeling, WV.  Incorporators are listed as M. E. McComb, S. M. Noyes, and L. B. Sorge. 

A notice in Machinery of December, 1920 announces the incorporation in Delaware, OH.  Officers are James Maher - Pres., M. G. Williamson - Treas./Sec., and G. A. Yocke - GM.

James Maher Patent #1,016,079 - Pipe-Wrench (Chain)

James and M. M. Maher Patent #1,057,250 - Wrench

 

Mahlon, J. W. & Company

J. W. Mahlon & Company (New York, NY) ​-

Article about the Mahlon Ratchet Drill from 1871.  If you browse to page 168 in the referenced document, you can see an article about Mr. Mahlon's wrench.

James W. Mahlon Patent #118,619 - Wrench

James W. Mahlon Patent #109,747 - Improvement in devices for clamping or cutting off tubes and rods

James W. Mahlon Patent #116,847 - Improvement in Ratchet Drills

 

Mason Tool and Wrench Company

The Mason Tool and Wrench Company (Chicago, IL)  ​-​ The July 1, 1906 Cycle and Automobile Trade Journal  has an article on the Noyes Wrench, and notes it's manufacturer as the Mason Tool and Wrench Company of Chicago.  Charles H. Noyes Patent #819,246 - Wrench.

 

Maxson & Maxson Co.

Maxson & Maxson Co. (West Edmeston, NY) - We have not been able to dig up the origin of this company. 

George & Lynn Maxson Patent #650,186 - Pliers - 5/22/1900

The October, 1908 edition of The Fruit-Grower announces the introduction of a combination fence tool by Maxson & Maxson.  By process of elimination, as well as the description of the tool in the referenced article, we believe Patent #885,816 represents this tool.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • M & M (Pliers)

 

Mayhew Steel Products

According to many sources, H. H. Mayhew succeeded the H. S. Shepardson Company in 1866.  We have found no official records to support this.  H. S. Shepardson was a prolific inventor of braces, brace bits and particularly, locks and lock mechanisms.  The document for the "S inside Diamond" trademark below indicates Mayhew succeeded Shepardson in 1876.

Established in 1856 and incorporated in 1887 by H. H. Mayhew as The H. H. Mayhew Company, the company produced small forgings and hand tools.  At one point (1905 and prior), The Goodell Tool Company shared space in the Mayhew Factory.  Mayhew is still in existence today and their website history page can be found here.

In 1915, the company was acquired by the Mayhew Steel Products Company of New York City.  H. H. Mayhew continued to operate as a subsidiary producing small hand tools.

The April, 1920 edition of Motor Boating reports that Mayhew has acquired a new plant in Hopewell, VA from DuPont and plans erect a new building to produce hand tools and tool kits.  This July, 1921 article from Steel Processing & Conversion has a nice article about the plant and the established subsidiary "Mayhew-Virginia Corporation."

A 1927 edition of Iron Age reports that the Norwood Engineering Co. has acquired a controlling interest in Mayhew Steel Products and both concerns will be run by G. W. MacDow.  **Note**  We have found no supporting evidence of this to date.

A 1933 edition of Iron Age notes that Mayhew has been operating under receivership for several months and has been sold at auction to Mayhew VP J. B. Parsons who plans to reorganize the company.

In 1938, Mayhew acquired the David Maydole Tool Corp. of Norwich, NY. 

At some point prior to 1941 (Likely around 1937 when Mr. Conant passed), Mayhew acquired Conant & Donelson of Conway, MA.  The March, 1905 edition of Iron Age notes the incorporation of Conant & Donelson by Frederick W. Conant (Pres) and Walter E Donelson.  In 1949, Conant & Donelson is purshased by the Threadwell Tap & Die Co.

Mayhew Steel Products Inc. (Includes H. H. Mayhew Co.) (Shelbourne Falls, MA) -

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

McKaig Drop Forge Co.

McKaig Drop Forge Co. (Buffalo, NY) - We have not found the formation announcement for this company.  In 6/11/1918 edition of Iron Age, the move of the C & H Drop Forge Co. from Buffalo to Newark, NJ is announced.  The article further states C & H was formerly known as McKaig Drop Forge Co., and is now owned by Clucker-Hixson Co. of NYC.

Interestingly, we find this company beginning in 1912, advertising the Sure-Cutter Pliers patented by Mr. McKaig.  A 1921 Engineering Directory lists McKaig Drop Forge (wrenches) and McKaig-Hatch (forgings & pliers).

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • McKaig's (Adjustables)
  • Sure-Cutter (Pliers) - (1912 advertisement) - Archibald McKaig Sr. - Patent #1,116,093 - Pliers

 

McKaig-Hatch, Inc.

The 6/2/1913 edition of Industrial World notes the incorporation of McKaig-Hatch Inc. in Buffalo, NY on $20,000 capital to produce mechanical tools and contrivances.  Officers noted are:

  • Chauncey R. Hatch (Working previously for the Chicago Wire and Fuse Company and then Herbrand Company of Fremont, Ohio)
  • Archibald McKaig Sr.
  • Frank S. Leary

An announcement in Motor World from October, 1913 notes that they will make combination pliers and will be located at 1584-1590 Niagara Street.  It also notes McKaig and President, Harry C. Young as VP, and Hatch as Secretary & Treasurer.

On May 8, 1922, Mr. McKaig passed away.

In 1922, McKaig-Hatch is listed as making Wrenches and Pliers in the industrial directories.

McKaig-Hatch was acquired by The Tasa Coal Company of Buffalo sometime in 1962.

McKaig Drop Forge Co. (Buffalo, NY) - We have not found the formation announcement for this company.  Interestingly, we find this company beginning in 1912, advertising the Sure-Cutter Pliers patented by Mr. McKaig.  A 1921 Engineering Directory lists McKaig Drop Forge (wrenches) and McKaig-Hatch (forgings & pliers).

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • McKaig's (Adjustables)
  • Sure-Cutter (Pliers) - (1912 advertisement) - Archibald McKaig Sr. - Patent #1,116,093 - Pliers
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McKercher Wrench & Tool Company

McKercher Wrench & Tool Company (Jackson, MI)  ​- A 3/11/1902 article from The Railway Age reports the officers of the company as Robert Lake - Pres., H. S. Griggs - VP, H. U. Ulrickson - Treas., George Hastings Treasurer, and George McKercher - Superintendent.  Incorporated 3/20/1902 to produce a newly patented wrench by:

George McKercher Patent #643,522 - Wrench - Self-Assigned - 2/13/1900

George McKercher Patent #729,504 - Wrench - Assigned to McKercher Wrench & Tool Co. - 5/26/1903

George McKercher Patent #771169 - Wrench - Assigned to McKercher Wrench & Tool Co. - 9/27/1904

Article about the Mckercher wrench (2nd patent) from the 3/14/1903 edition of The Sanitary & Heating Age.

A 1905 Michigan insection report shows the company with 3 employees.  We found no further mention of this company after 1905.

McKibbon Universal Wrench Company

McKibbon Universal Wrench Company (Nashville, TN)​ - The earliest mention of this company is Mr. McKibbon visiting towns in Tennessee in 1930 trying to find investors for his new patent.  Sold at auction in November of 1940 (including patents).  In 1936 W. L. Richardson is President and J. H. Simpson is Secretary.  In November of 1940 the factory and patents were sold via sherriff's auction.

Joe S. McKibbon Patent #1,423,499 - Wrench

Joe S. Mckibbon Patent #1,709,589 - Wrench

Joe S. Mckibbon Patent #1,730,671 - Wrench

Joe S. Mckibbon Patent #1,872,780 - Wrench

Joe S. Mckibbon Patent #CA292,114 - Wrench

McNair Wrench Company

McNair Wrench Co. (Meadville, PA) - According to his obituary, Milton H. McNair worked for various machine shops in Erie, PA before retiring and starting his own business, building a machine shop at his residence, ca. 1898.  Mr. McNair passed away 3/13/1909.  Subsequently, the McNair Wrench Co. became known as Davenport's Machine Shop and then Foriska's Machine Shop.

Milton H. McNair Patent #255,182 - Wrench - According to DATAMP, this design was manufactured by the McNair Wrench Co. and the Meadville Vise & Tool Co.

Milton H. McNair Patent #449,627 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned 1/2 to Edward C. Smith (see Meadville Wrench Company)

 

Meadville Wrench Co.

Meadville Wrench Co. (Meadville, PA) - Seriously damaged by fire 1/30/1919

Edward C. Smith Patent #722,920 - Wrench 3/17/1903

Edward C. Smith Patent #1,313,345 - Machine for Forming Wrench Heads - Assigned to Meadville Wrench. // Link to an article about the machine.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Meadville (Adjustables)

Mechanic's Tool Company

Mechanics Tool Co. (Rockford, IL) - In November of 1929, it is reported that Eric S. Ekstrom is President.  The company is listed as early as 1921 as a manufacturer of Chisels.

An article on Mr. Ekstrom from 11/15/1929 notes his interests in the following companies:

President:

  • Rockford Chamber of Commerce
  • Mechanics Universal Joint Company
  • Rockford Drop Forge Company
  • Rockford Steel Furniture Company
  • Mechanics Tool Company

Vice-President:

  • ​Borg Warner Corporation
  • Hotel Faust

Director

  • Rockford Metals Specialty Company
  • Sunstrand Machine Tool Company
  • Sunstrand Engineering Company
  • Pierson Company
  • Estwing Company
  • Manufacturers National Bank
  • General Refrigeration Company

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • -- (DOE Wrenches)

Mechanics Tool & Forge Co. / Mac Tool Co.

Mechanics Tool & Forge Research Notes Page

This text is directly from the Mac Tools History page: 

Mac Tools was founded in 1938 as the Mechanics Tool and Forge Company by seven men with the common goal to manufacture the finest tools in the world. The first step toward their goal was taken on July 11, 1938, when they signed the Articles of Incorporation, and were officially recognized by the state of Ohio. The state issued 250 shares of no par common stock, of which these men could only afford to subscribe to 55 shares. Nonetheless, they persevered, and elected Ralph McPherson and Otto Tucker as the first President and Secretary of the organization. These two men scraped up all available capital, a paltry $5,000, to secure a building and buy used machinery so they could begin production. World War II brought prosperity to the Mechanics Tool and Forge Company because of the sizeable government contract received in 1942. In 1944, they recapitalized with the help of the Securities Commission. Shortly after their capital investment, the company received a proposal from Clem Poole, concerning the opening of a socket division. Though they recognized the need to introduce sockets into their product line, they did not have the means to finance the opening of the division because of their recent investment. The management of Mechanics Tool and Forge decided to open a new, associate company with virtually the same stockholders, rather than expanding the existing product line. On October 30, 1944, the Clinton Tool Company was born. With Clem Poole as its president, Clinton operated in the same building as Mechanics Tool and Forge and is the lineage from which the present day line of sockets and accessories hail. In 1945, Russ Darrah, a 20-year veteran of the hand tool industry, presented Mechanics Tool and Forge with a program designed to purchase an allied line of tools. This resulted in the formation of Mac Allied Tools which was moved to Akron, OH to facilitate shipping. Even though there were three companies functioning as one, their collective product was always referred to as "Mac Tools." 1961 launched the companies into the modern era, when Mechanics Tool and Forge officially changed its name to Mac Tools in 1963, leaving the association between Mac Tools and Mac Allied under the collective banner of Mac Tools, Inc. In 1979, the long association between Mac and Mac Allied severed. Today, Mac Tools has a product line in excess of 42,000 items, and still uses the direct sales approach with a mobile sales force of distributors. The Mac Tools philosophy of excellent quality, price and service remains unchanged over the years, and the company spirit that made them successful in 1938, is the same spirit that makes them a leader in the automotive tool and equipment business today.

From Validated Sources & Research:

The Trademark for "MAC" was registered on June 28, 1948, claiming first and continuous use in industry from January, 1939.  The Mechanics' Tool & Forge Company first appears in the Labor Statistics report for the State of Ohio in 1939, reporting 3 employees.  The Clinton Tool Company shows up first in the 1944 State of Ohio "Decisions, Opinions & Rulings." 

MAC Ratchets

View Reference: 

MAC Sockets

MAC Specialty Tools

MAC Tool Sets

MAC Wrench Sets

Socket and Socket Drive Sets

MAC Wrenches

Metcoid / Metal Engineering Co.

Tool advertisements for METCOID, a division of Metal Engineering Company of Chicago, begin appearing around 1950.  There are many "Metal Engineering Co" companies prior to this but we feel the METCOID associated company started about this time.

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Metcoid Lever Jaw Locking Pliers. These are not as heavy as a pair of Vise-Grips and they don't have the release lever, but they are well made. Finish is a silver paint over steel.

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Michigan Motor Specialties Company

Michigan Motor Specialties Co. (Detroit, MI) - This article on the company from the December, 1916 edition of Michigan Manufacture and Financial Record notes that the company was organized 3 years prior, placing its formation in 1913.  However, a newspaper article from August, 1912 announces an increase in capital from $20k to $75k.  Another article from June, 1915 notes the expansion to 4x the space in the company's rented area of the Colwell Lead Company.  On 6/6/1922 the bankruptcy sale of the company is announced.

July 1913 article from the Electrical Record on "Becco" branded products. 

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Becco (Wrenches, motor car parts)

Middlesex Wrench Company

Middlesex Wrench Company (Hartford, CT) - Incorporated 3/23/1880 by: Oren S. Knapp, Stillman H. Liboy, and Alphonso H. Carvill.  A May 27, 1880 announcement notes a petition for name change to the Prouty Press Company.  In July of 1905 the Prouty Press Company is listed in a page full of "defunct companies" for the state of CT.

Millers Falls

Brands, Trade Names & Trademarks

Milwaukee Tool & Forge Co.

Milwaukee Tool & Forge (MTF) was incorporated in Wisconsin in about September,1917.  The officers listed are George Haubert, George Phillips and R. L. Wheeler.  The company is formed to take over the business of the Crary Tool Company in September/October 1917..

We believe, based on some recent discoveries, that the company could have began operations in or around 1911, possibly as the Ideal Laundry Co. (Wheeler - Pres // Phillips - Sec/Treas).  Recent information indicates that in 1929, MTF was acquired by the Line Material Company of New York.  An article in the 1932 Moody's publication refers to the "acquisition of the assets and business of a Wisconsin Corporation organized in 1911."  Further, W. D. Kyle is known as the President of the Line Material Company as well has mentioned multiple times in affiliation with MTF. 

At this point in Milwaukee's history, the industry was fast paced, and companies were popping up and merging at a furious rate.  In order to better understand MTF's history, we would like to mention a couple of industry events that could likely be pertinent in understanding the MTF story.

Line Material Company - Formed in 1906 as the Ajax Line Material Company by Albert Sheible, with Mr. John F. Turner named as Secretary and Treasurer.  The company was located at 12 and 14 South Jefferson St., Chicago and it's principal products were outdoor lighting.  Circa September, 1909, the company changed it's name to the Ajax Line Material Works and moved to South Milwaukee (no specific address given).  The May 1913 edition of the Electrical Record announces that the Ajax Line Material Works has renamed to the Line Material Company.  In addition, the article names Mr. F. L. Sivyer as President and notes that Mr. Sivyer is also President of both the Northwestern Malleable Iron Co. and the Sivyer Steel Casting Co. of 37th and Mitchell St., Milwaukee.  Interestingly, the 1913 Illinois Business Directory lists the Ajax Line Material Works as being headquartered at 1601-332 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago.  It also lists Mr. Albert Scheible as President and Mr. John F. Turner as Secretary.  This article from the April 12, 1913 edition of the Electrical Review confirms the name change to Line Material Co. and further names Mr. W. D. Kyle as V.P. and Treasurer, and Mr. Thomas E. Ward as Secretary.  The June 1918 edition of the Electrical Record lists the company's address as 39 Cortland.  By 1922 W. D. Kyle is listed as President of Line Material Company.  In 1930, the company's address was 12th & Madison in South Milwaukee.

Crary Tool Co. - The April, 1916 edition of The Steel and Metal Digest reports the formation in March, 1916 of the Crary Tool Co. and names Mssrs. John Hoerl, George Haubert, William C. Garrent and George E. Garrent as principals.  The company is to manufacture chisels, pliers, wrenches and other tools.  The October 25, 1917 edition of Iron Age reports that the Crary Tool Co. at 220 Becher St. has been succeeded by the Milwaukee Tool & Forge Co.  Just before this activity, Mr. George Haubert, along with a Mr. C. W. Esau (Pres) and Mr. Adam J. Eimerman form The Modern Steel Treating Co. at 453 38th Ave.  This facility was immediately destroyed by fire on 10/17/1918 and quickly rebuilt at 619 38th Ave.  On 11/29/1920, this new facility was again destroyed by fire.  Extremely interesting to note here that in the announcement of the 1920 fire, Mr. W. D. Kyle is named as the General Manager of The Modern Steel Treating Co.

During our research, we found reference of a large merger involving MTF along with several other companies resulting in the formation of an unknown (unreadable) Corporation.  It comes from the October 6, 1932 edition of Iron Age and the other entities involved / mentioned were:

  • W. D. Kyle - President, Line Material Co. of Milwaukee
  • J. D. Otis - VP, Alemite Corp of Chicago
  • O. J. Markey - President, Aro Equipment Corp of Ohio
  • Charles Wertz - President, Farmer's National Bank of Ohio
  • L. F. Serrick - President, L. F. Serrick Co. of Ohio (NOTE: Mr. Serrick purchased the Defiance Stamping Co. in 1930)
  • Harold Schlosser - President, Pressed Steel Products.

If you reference our research on S-K and affilliated, you'll note the formation of the Lectrolite Corporation as a merger of Milwaukee Tool & Forge Co., Saturn Electric Water Heater Corp., Defiance Stamping Co., and Pressed Products Co.  The issue is that each of these companies, along with each of those mentioned in the previous list, continues to be referenced as individual entities throughout the 1930s, and some well beyond that timeframe. 

This very interesting article from a 1934 edition of Steel announces that the "Electrical Connection ??? Mfg. Co., successor to Milwaukee Tool and Forge Co." will construct a new plant due to a catastrophic fire.  This article also notes W. D. Kyle as President of the Electrical company.

A 1937 edition of Bus Transportation lists Milwaukee Tool & Forge as a maker of wrenches along with the typical manufacturers of the day such as Bonney, Williams, Billings, etc.

We are still conducting research due to more recent discoveries which point to a much more involved and complicated activity amongst these companies during the decade of the 1930s.

MTF open end wrench logo's

Some logos on open end wrenches,  not sure of the correct order.

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Milwaukee Tool & Forge - The Tools

MTF Drive Tools

MTF Ratchets

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MTF Sockets

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MTF Wrenches

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Milwaukee Tool & Forge Double End Box wrenches

A set of Milwaukee Tool & Forge Double End Box wrenches.  Probably from the 1920's.  I think it maybe  missing one wrench as there is no 3/4 size.

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Milwaukee Tool & Forge Double Open End wrenches

Not sure if the bag is correct.  A very early set, has sizes with SAE and USS.​

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Modern Sales Bureau

Modern Sales Bureau (Chicago, IL) - Motor World Wholesale of January 6, 1910 carries this company's incorporation announcement.  Invorporators are: William B. Goldenberg, C. Brussard, and J. H. Ullmann.  Earliest mention for Mesnard pliers is in an April, 1911 edition of The Automobile Trade Directory.  Here is an interesting biography on Mr. Goldenberg.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Goldenberg's (Pipe Vise) - No patent yet found.
  • Mesnard's (Pliers) - Gilbert C. Mesnard Patent #1,021,372 - Pliers

Monarch (Wrench Works, Tool Works, Wrench Co., and Tool Co)

Monarch Wrench Works / Monarch Tool Works / Monarch Wrench Company / Monarch Tool Company (St. Louis, MO)​ - We find the incorporation announced for the Monarch Tool Company on 10/26/1886 by John H. Peizer, E. L. Hall and L. M. Hall.  By 1905, the Monarch Tool Company is listed as being located in Cincinatti, OH (could be a different company). 

The July 5, 1906 edition of American Machinist shows an advertisements for the Monarch adjustable alligator wrench.  The advertisements notes the wrench is sold by the Monarch Wrench Company, successor to the Monarch Tool Works.  A 1907 advertisement names H. F. Reddig as "manager."

Advertisements show a patent year on the shank of the wrench of 1901.

Advertisement from a 1907 edition of Railway Master Mechanic. (Image 1 Below)

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Monte Wrench Company

Monte Wrench Company (Shelbyville, IN) - On 3/13/1908, local papers announce the change of name from the Vandergrift Manufacturing Company (Shelby County, IN) to the Monte Wrench Company.  The company was likely formed by Horace G. Montgomery.  Dissolved 1/24/1925.

Montgomery & Co.

Montgomery & Company (New York, NY) -

Brands, Trade Names & Trademarks

  • FULTON - (Edge, Mechanics', and Engineers Tools) (First Use 10/1/1895)

Moore Drop Forge

Moore Drop Forge - The Railroad Gazette, October 19, 1900 announces the formation of the Moore Drop Forge in Springfield, Mass.  "Preliminary" Officers and investors identified are:

  • H. E. Marsh - President
  • A. L. Moore - Treasurer
  • F. S. Sibley - Secretary
  • T. W. Leete - (Prominent investor / corporate officer)
  • C. T. Sean
  • G. M. Hendee - (known for cycling, cycle racing and cycle safety inventions)

Brands, Trade Names, & Trademarks

  • MORCO (Wrenches) (First Use 12/10/1912)

Billings & Spencer sold it's drop forging operation to Moore Drop Forge effective January 2, 1963.

In the 4/18/1928 edition of the Altoona Tribune, an announcement appears noting the acquisition of controlling interest in the Continental Railway Supply Company by Moore Drop Forge.

In the book entitled "Springfield, Volume 2," the following key dates are reported:

  • 1900 - The MDF company began making Bicycle frames;
  • 1909 - MDF began producing wrenches;
  • 1914 - MDF got into automotive forging and machining;
  • 1938 - MDF began making tools for Sears;
  • 1946 - Purchased the Wason Car Works plant;
  • 12/1967 - The Eastern Stainless Steel Co. purchased 95% of MDF stock;
  • 1969 - Eastern Stainless Steel Co. restructures as the EASCO Corp.;
  • 1985 - EASCO taken over by Equity Group Holdings;
  • 1987 - Company goes public
  • 6/1990 - Merged with Danaher Co.
  • According to the caption, the image below represents the plant that was "designed, built and equipped for the exclusive production of Craftsman open-end, box-end, combination and tappet wrenches, and the complete socket wrench line."
  • Image 2 shows operations inside the plant

In July of 1960, MDF broke ground for their new plant in Hillsboro, OH.

Notes: Very distinct selector for ratchets - will help ID ratchets in the future: http://datamp.org/patents/advance.php?pn=D186188&id=52694&set=42

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Moore Products Company

Moore Products Company (Wichita, KS) - Founded approximately mid-1919 and incorporated on April 29, 1920, based on a patent by Frederick A. Moore - Patent #1,303,709 - Wrench.  Frederick A. Moore - Pres., George W. Lane - VP, and J. D. Moore - Sec/Treas. 

The tool was to be marketed as the 'Moore Common Sense Pipe & Monkey Wrench."  However, according to a January, 1921 newspaper article, Mr. Moore spend most of his time selling stock in his company and in over a year had only manufactured $7.50 worth of product.  His stockholders were not amused and sued him out of business.  Here is a link to the earliest newspaper advertisement we were able to locate.

Mossberg Wrench Company

Mossberg Wrench Company (Central Falls, RI) - Sometime in 1902, the Mossberg Wrench Company was moved from Attleboro to Central Falls, RI, and was under the management of H. H. Ricker.  This article notes that the company has no affilliation with any other company bearing the Mossberg name.  This would indicate to us that Frank disassociated himself from this entity in 1902.  This link shows one of the earliest (Sept. 1894) advertisements for a Mossberg Wrench.  Notice the patent dates on the jaw.

Frank Mossberg Patent #482,021 - Wrench - Assigned to Mossberg Manufacturing Company

Frank Mossberg Patent #482,749 - Wrench - Assigned to Mossberg Manufacturing Company

Simon W. Wardell & Henry H. Ricker Patent #698,086 - Wrench- Assigned to Mossberg Wrench Company

DATAMP Patents related to Mossberg Wrench Company

Trade Names, Brands & Trademarks

  • MOSSBERG (Wrenches) (Unk First Use) NOTE: on bottom of linked page.

Mound Tool & Scraper Co. / Mound Tool Company

Mound Tool & Scraper Co. (St. Louis, MO) - This company begins appearing ca. 1903 as the Mound Tool & Scraper Co.  At some point between late 1908 and early 1912 the name was changed to Mound Tool Co.  In 1932, Charles V. Franklyn is President of the company.  The 1/25/1942 edition of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports on a contract with the U. S. Navy to provide a "flexible-pack tool" in the amount of $38,322.  In 1951 they were awarded a contract to provide "ship scrapers."  In 1965, Natalie Wilkinson was VP of the company and was murdered in that year in the company parking lot during a robbery of herself and the 82 year old Mr. Franklyn.  Mr. Franklyn passed in 1967, and his obituary notes his acquisition of the tool company in 1930.  In 1976, Jewel B. Hendrix is President of the company.  This company is still in business and specializes in butcher tools.  Their website claims founding in 1899.

Mound Tool Website.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Mound (Chisels)

Mullins, O Quick Adjustable Wrench Company

O'Mullins Quick Adjustable Wrench Company (Terre Haute, IN) - Incorporated 4/30/1914 by John N. White, Ollie O'Mullins, Herman Harms ("and others")  -

Ollie Mullins Patent #1,083,851 - Wrench

NAPA - National Automotive Parts Association

Brands, Trade Names & Trademarks

Neal Universal Wrench Company

Neal Universal Wrench Company - Incorporated 4/29/1899 by Raymond Pease Smith of New Land Ct., and Joseph H. Reall of NYC.  We find no evidence this company ever produced any product.

- Most likely founded to produce Patent #628,838 - James H. Neal - Wrench

New Britain Machine Co.

New Britain Machine Company, from Wikipedia: According to one source, New Britain Machine was founded in New Britain, Connecticut in 1887.  However, according to Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, it was founded in 1895 subsequent to the J.T. Case Engine Company, a manufacturer of steam engines. The first product the new company produced was a chainsaw mortising machine. In 1925, it registered the None Better trademark to sell its line of sockets and tools. Much of New Britain Machine's early tool production was done under the None Better line. Many of the early tools were carbon steel, offering a lower cost alternative to the higher price alloy steels of the day. Early tool sets consisted of hex drive sockets and an eel bar for the drive tool. Beginning in the 1930s, the None Better line consisted of a wide variety of 1/2 square drive tools with a Cadmium finish. At this time, New Britain Machine was also supplying tools for Sears in their Craftsman line of tools. These tools are easy to distinguish as they either have a BE or an H in a circle stamped into the tools. The New Britain Machine line was also created at this time as a higher priced alloy steel alternative.  Acquisitions and Development The early 1930s were a busy time for New Britain Machine Company. At the beginning of the decade, New Britain purchased the Husky Wrench Company, which was started by Sigmund Mandl in 1924. Sigmund Mandl went on to Blackhawk Manufacturing Company in 1931 after the Husky Wrench Company was bought by Olsen Manufacturing. During this time, New Britain Machine had a contract with Sears to supply sockets and drive tools for their Craftsman tool line. This contract survived until 1947 when the socket was gradually phased out and replaced by the "V" series sockets. In 1925 the National Automotive Parts Association was formed and New Britain Machine became the main supplier for them until the late 1970s. In 1955 New Britain bought the handtool line of Blackhawk Manufacturing Company however Blackhawk retained their line of hydraulic jacks and other hydraulic products the company changed its name to Applied Power Industries. Blackhawk tools became a very important brand for the New Britain Machine Company for many years. Many of the designs that Blackhawk made were adopted by New Britain in their tools. New Britain Machine Company also supplied many companies, this list includes Mac Tools, Matco Tools, Giller, J. C. Penney (Penncraft), Owatonna Tools Company, American Forge, and PowerKraft. In 1957, Luther Kilness filed patent numbers 2,554,990 and 2,981,389 with the United States Patent Office. This design can be said to be the next evolution of the ratchet design of SK Hand Tools' Theodore Rueb.  This ratchet was a very successful design, lasting from its introduction in 1961 to the eventual closure of New Britain in the 1980s. The ratchet was a compression engagement, using 12 teeth with a 60 tooth ratchet count. Later ratchets, from 1971 and onward, used a 9 tooth pawl making the ratchet a 45 tooth count. In 1972, New Britain Machine Company was acquired by Litton Industrial Products. Litton continued to be the owner of New Britain Machine Company until the latter's closure in 1990.  Its assets (including the Blackhawk and Husky trademarks) were acquired by The Stanley Works which continues to use the Blackhawk name for one of its product lines. On July 8, 2004, New Britain Mayor Timothy Stewart announced that twenty-six acres of New Britain Machine's former property on South Street was being sold to two local businesses, Dattco and Guida's, after reaching an agreement.

 

ToolArchives Research:

An obituary in the 1/12 1897 edition of The Trenton Evening Times for Mr. Henry Peck Strong notes that Mr. Strong was a large investor in the New Britain Machine Co.

An excerpt from the book Connecticut: A Guide to Its Roads, Lore and People, Page 217, seems to suggest that New Britain Machine Co. was founded between 1839 and 1850.

Contributing to the speculation of earlier beginnings of New Britain Machine is an Auto Show advertisement from the 09/2/1919 Asbury Park Press (and many other papers) noting that the None Better Products of New Britain Machine are "backed by 42 years of success."  This would indicate formation around 1877.  Interestingly, the series of advertisements for the 1920 Auto Show note 30 years of history.

An early edition of Moody's Industrials reports the following information:

NBM Co. was incorporated in June of 1895 in CT, through the merger of Case Engine Company.  As reported in the Hartford Courant of 6/28/1895, the officers are: P. Corbin - Pres., M. C. Swift - VP, F. G. Platt - Treas., and Robert S. Brown - Sec.  All officers mentioned are board members, with the addition of C. J. Barker.  Mssrs. Corbin, Swift and Platt come from Case, which was started in 1887.  Mr. Swift was also President of the Malleable Iron Works in Hartford.

In 1911, NBM Co. purchased the business and assets of the Geo. D Prentice & Co. of New Haven.  In 1913, they purchased the patents and assets of the Universal Machine Screw Co. of Hartford. 

The officers and board of NBM Co. were:

  • H. H. Pease - President & Treasurer
  • R. S. Brown - Sec
  • Board:
    • L. P. Broadhurst
    • E. M. Day
    • J. H. Goss
    • E. A. Moore
    • J. E. Ottorson
    • H. H. Pease
    • P. K. Rogers
    • W. S. Rowland
    • A. W. Stanley
    • P. B. Stanley

This biography of Philip Corbin notes that he was at one time President of NBM Co.  We do indeed find that in 1887 at it's founding, Mr. Corbin was President of the J. T. Case Engine Co.  In the mid-late 1890s, this business was either taken over or reorganized as NBM Co.

December, 1921 - H. H. Pease is President.  Mr. Charles F. Smith is Chairman of the Board.

The None Better Trademark, filed in July of 1924, notes a first use of the term for what appears to be most of their line, including sockets and wrenches, of 1917.

In 1929, NB merged with Gridley Machine Co. of Hartford, CT.

In approximately 1934-1936, NBM Co. purchased Husky Wrench.  Please see our ongoing research on the Milwaukee Tool Industry for research notes.

The 1/17/1941 edition of The Daily Times (Philadelphia, PA) reports the award of a military contract for "engine parts" for airplanes in the amount of $409,000.

The Des Moines Register reports on 11/18/1941 a military contract awarded to NBM Co. for $538,515 from the Defense Plant Corp. to produce machinery and Navy aircraft parts.

In March of 1942, Herbert A. Pease is President of NBM Co.

On a lighter note, the 2/17/1943 edition of The Decatur Daily Review announced that NBM Co. would award a plaque inscribed with swastikas monthly to the division with the highest absentee rate.

In October of 1955, NBM Co. purchased the hand tool business of Blackhawk.

New Britain Machine Company (New Britain, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

   Contract Production for

  • Sears - Craftsman Circle H (Sockets, Drive Tools, Ratchets)
  • Sears - Craftsman BE (Sockets, Drive Tools, Ratchets)
  • NAPA
  • MAC (Ratchets, Automatic Transmission Tools)
  • MATCO (Ratchets)
  • Penncraft (JC Penny)
  • Owatonna Tool Co. (OTC)
  • American Forge
  • Powerkraft

    NB Ratchet Production Brands List (As of 7/13/2016) (K) = Kilness Patent; (F) = Fors Patent; (C) = Costello Patent **Courtesy of work & collection by Powderkeg**

  • American Forge (K)
  • Billings (F)
  • Blackhawk (F, K)
  • Bluegrass (F, K)
  • Champion Plugmaster (K)
  • Craftsman (C, F)
  • Crescent (K)
  • Fairmount (F)
  • Filson (F)
  • Giller (K)
  • Husky (C, F, K)
  • K. R. Wilson (F)
  • JS (K)
  • Litton (K)
  • Mac (K)
  • Master Mechanic (K)
  • Matco (K)
  • Mustang (F, K)
  • NBM (K)
  • New Britain (C, F, K)
  • None Better (C, F)
  • OTC (K)
  • Penncraft (K)
  • Precision-Bilt (F)
  • Proto Challenger (K)
  • SP 45 (K)
  • Sparta (K)
  • Thorsen (K)
  • "unbranded" (K)
  • Vlchek (C)
  • Wardmaster (F)
  • Wix (F)
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New Britain Drive Tool Accessories

New Britain Patents

Here is a complete list of New Britain Machine Co. "assigned" patents courtesy of Google Patents.

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New Britain Ratchets

At one time or another it seems, New Britain made tools for just about everybody. Here's a list being compiled in a forum thread on the Garage Journal by GJ user Powderkeg here http://www.garagejournal.com/forum/showthread.php?t=277603: New Britain Machine sourced or original patent - Kilness (K), Fors (F), and the early (E) designs (patents not found): The (K) stands for Luther E. Kilness, and he possesses 3 patents for Ratchet Mechanism Design 2554990 (1951) - New Britain 2981389 (1961) - New Britain 3078973 (1963) - Not known to have been produced The (F) stands for John A. Fors possesses 1 patent for a Ratchet Mechanism Design 2542241 (1951) - New Britain The (C) is believed to be Mr. William F. Costello who possesses 1 patent for a Ratchet Device 2206943 - (1940) - New Britain   NB Ratchet Production Brands List (As of 1/02/2017) (K) = Kilness Patent; (F) = Fors Patent; (C) = Costello Patent **Courtesy of work & collection by Powderkeg** among others.

  • American Forge (K)
  • Billings (F)
  • Blackhawk (F, K)
  • Bluegrass (F, K)
  • Champion Plugmaster (K)
  • Craftsman (C, F)
  • Crescent (K)
  • Fairmount (F)
  • Filson (F)
  • Giller (K)
  • Husky (C, F, K)
  • K. R. Wilson (F)
  • JS (K)
  • Litton (K)
  • Mac (K)
  • Master Mechanic (K)
  • Matco (K)
  • Mustang (F, K)
  • NBM (K)
  • New Britain (C, F, K)
  • None Better (C, F)
  • OTC (K)
  • Penncraft (K)
  • Precision-Bilt (F)
  • Proto Challenger (K)
  • SP 45 (K)
  • Sparta (K)
  • Thorsen (K)
  • "unbranded" (K)
  • Vlchek (C)
  • Wardmaster (F)
  • Wix (F)

Here are some other New Britain assigned patents: Hopgood - 1955 - Angularly adjustable, reversible ratchet wrench Smyers / Russo - 1973 - Resilient quick release for socket wrench Harris - 1968 - Ratchet Wrench Construction Pickop - 1907 - Ratchet Wrench

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New Britain Sockets

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New Britain Wrenches

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In the late 1960s New Britain changed from 8620 alloy steel to 1137 alloy steel as a cost reduction.

In the picture below the upper Blackhawk OE wrench has grooves in the shank either side of the stamping. This is the older 8620 wrench.

The lower wrench without the grooves is newer 1137 wrench. This designation worked for the New Britain / Blackhawk line. I am not aware of a similar designation for the Husky / Sparta / Penncraft line or if anything was done for the sockets but the alloy change was across the board.

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Niagara Falls Metal Stamping Works

(​Niagara Falls, NY) - Incorporated 5/26/1904 by R. C. Eldridge, H. M. Eldridge, and F. A. Dudley.  First mention of Pokitrenchiz comes in a 1912 edition of Commercial America.  The Pokitrenchiz fade out of advertisements in about 1920.  We believe this company changed it's name to the Niagara Metal Stamping Corp. in 1921, but have found no solid evidence.  The latter company appears to have remained in operation until around 1929.  Niagara Metal Stamping Corp marketed very similar wrenches, referred to as "Premax."

Brands / Trade Names / Trade Marks

  • ​Pokitrenchiz (Stamped Wrenches)
  • Premax (Stamped Wrenches)

Niagara Wrench Company

Niagara Wrench Company (Niagara Falls, NY) - Incorporated by John Farnsworth, Silvanus Hussey, H. L. Greg, George B. L. Wilson, and Albert L. Wilson in late July, 1893.  Formation notice from 1893 indicating an early date for their charter of 12/8/1892, specifically to acquire patents, especially that of the "Hussey Combination Lock Wrench."  It is not clear this wrench was ever actually produced, nor are any of his other wrench patents (see DATAMP link below)

Silvanus Hussey Patents from DATAMP

Nicholson

Before the Civil War interrupted his plans, William Nicholson had been contemplating the design and development of a standard file. Visit this link: http://toolarchives.com/?q=nicholson---a-walk-through-time#overlay-conte... to view a timeline of the Nicholson Corporate history.

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In 1864, the Nicholson file was formally born.

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On April 5, 1864 William Thomas Nicholson successfully patents his first file cutting machine.

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The Nicholson File Company, was founded by William Thomas Nicholson (1834-1893) in 1864 in Providence, Rhode Island.

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On May 9, 1876 William Thomas Nicholson successfully patents a machine for stripping file-blanks.

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On May 9, 1876 William Thomas Nicholson successfully patents a different machine for cutting files.

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An early example of some Nicholson File packaging from 1878.

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The Nicholson® File Company's World's Fair Exhibit - Chicago 1893 Over 3,000 Varieties of Files and Rasps are displayed.

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Nilson Co. / Nilson-Walters Wrench Co.

Nilson Walters Wrench Company (Casselton, ND)

​Nils Nilson Patent #664,425 - Pipe Wrench - 12/25/1900

North Star Wrench Company

The North Star Wrench Company (St. Paul, MN) - Incorporated 6/13/1904 by R. B. Higbee, Thomas L. Billingsley, and Frank H. Griggs.  Possibly Frederick Hachmann Patent #775,398 - Assigned 1/3 to L. H. Stiles (Red Wing, MN) - 4/6/1904.  2 other Hachmann patents in 1904 for a self-oiling trolley and a self-oiling bearing were fractionally assigned to Thomas L. Billingsley

Novel Wrench Company

Philadelphia / Glouchester, NJ

This company shows up in the 1891 factory inspection report for NJ.  Interestingly, that report shows the company with 68 employees, and lists Novel Wrenches as their product.  The company's charter was revoked due to non-payment of taxes in 1894.  We have not been able to find an example nor any names associated with this company.  However, we must assume wrenches were produced due to the number of employees in 1891.

Novelty Wrench Company

The Novelty Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Reported as a "new Company" September, 1886.  Newspaper states they will manufacture Bradley's Adjustable Carriage Wrench.  The article also notes the manufacture of the "School Ma'am" hay carrier.

Willis H. Bradley Patent #347,681 - Adjustable Carriage Wrench

Noyes Wrench Company

Noyes Wrench Company (Omaha, NE?) - Incorporated ca. 6/1907 by LeRoy C. Brown, Samuel Barrett, and Charles H. Noyes.

An article in the 12/1/1906 edition of the Cycle & Automobile Trade Journal notes that the Noyes wrench is being manufactured by the Mason Tool & Wrench Mfg. Co. of Chicago.

Charles H. Noyes Patent #819,246 - Wrench

Offset Handle Wrench Company

Offset Handle Wrench Company (Chicago, IL) - Incorporated 2/24/1905 by George W. Bird, John W. Alderman, and Charles F. Templeton.​  The 7/29/1909 edition of The Times Herald (Port Huron, MI) notes the passing of John Roost, and names him as President of the company.

Ellis Wrench

David E. Ellis Patent #759,869 - Wrench - NOTE: Google patents has this patent assigned to Tokyo Electron Ltd. however, the original document reveals no assignment.

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Oswego Tool

Oswego Tool Co. (Oswego, NY) - 

According to this article, Oswego was started sometime before 1893 by John J. Tonkin.

Oswego, NY - On August 24th, 1896, the company announces capital stock of $25,000.  The only mention of officers is the Treasurer, Mr. Place. Stockholders are J. J. Tonkin, A. N. Radcliff and C. C. Place.  Mr. Tonkin also started the Tonkin Boiler & Engine Works (Oswego) in 1894, with investment from the Jermyns of Scranton, PA.  The factory was destroyed by fire in October 1898.  In March of 1901, Mr. Tonking founded the Tonkin Steam Carriage Supply Co. (Oswego).  Mr. Tonkin was also GM of the Oil Well Supply Co. (Oswego).  Several other companies across the U. S. A. list Mr. Tonkin as a Director.  At one point during 1905, an unknown person continued threatening his 12 yr. old daughter via the mail.  Mr. Tonkin offered a $50,000 reward for the threatener's identity.
DATAMP Patents assigned to Oswego Tool Co.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Giles (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Oswego Standard (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Stillson Pattern (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Pease Design (Pliers)
  • Jarecki Pattern (Bench Vise)
  • Oswego (Pipe Vise)
  • Parker Pattern (Bench & Pipe Vises)

Owatonna Tool Company

According to the Truth Hardware website history page, The Owatonna Tool Co. was started in 1925 by former Truth Tool employee Rueb Kaplan.  In the early '50s, Owatonna acquired Truth.

In late 1984, OTC was acquired by Sealed Power Corp.

Tool Archives Research:

Men Wanted advertisements begin appearing for OTC in 1926 offering commissions on the sale of OTC's line of guranteed tools.

Brands, Trade names & Trademarks

  • OTC Logo (All Tools) (First Use 9/1/1925)

OTC Drive Tools

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OTC Ratchets

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OTC Sockets

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OTC Wrenches

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P & C Hand Forged Tool

With the exception of some of the pictures / descriptions of tools/pieces made by P&C, this entire section is compliments of Mr. Johnson at http://www.pnctools.com The firm of Peterson and Carlborg emerged in McCall, Idaho around 1915, and eventually found a permanent location in 1923 with the start of construction on the factory in Milwaukie, Oregon, just south of Portland. The factory was the realized dream of John N. Peterson and Charles F. Carlborg. It’s a story reflecting the dreams and struggles of two immigrants from Sweden. The American dream so many aspired to when they undertook the frightening journey to a new culture, language and geography with but a few dollars in their pockets. A generation of sturdy men, independent for the want of financial resources. If a house needed built, they built it. If something needed repair, they fixed it. If they needed a specialty tool, they made it. Men who created a splendid blend of form and function in their tools. Unique, rounded, balanced. Many have echoed the same words about the early P&C tools, “They just feel good in the hand.” John and Charlie were at their cores, blue-collar men. Blue-collar men making tools for other blue-collar men are ideal tool makers. Deep down in their bones, John and Charlie were “makers” and “fixers”, roles they returned to after their years of establishing P&C were over.

ToolArchives Research:

In several edition of The Crowbar from 1915, Peterson and Carlborg put their shop up for sale for $6,000.

The Automobile Trade Journal of July 1919 reports that Peterson & Carlborg have been succeeded by (acquired) Newell & Watts in Payette, Idaho.

The 27 February 1920 Morning Register (Eugene, Oregon) reports that the firm of Peterson and Carlborg have inquired with the Chamber of Commerce about setting up a forging and machine shop in the city.

The 21 July, 1922 edition of the Albany Evening Herald (Albany, Oregon) notes that the firm of Peterson and Carlborg are moving into their new plant on Vine St.  The article also notes that they started in business a "little more than 1 year ago" and now have 8 employs, will employ 20 in their new factory, and expect to be over 100 employees in short order.

The 11 September, 1922 edition of the Albany Evening Herald (Albany, Oregon) contains an excellent article about the growth of P&C Tools.  The article notes P&C manufacturing of "over 240 styles of wrenches, and many kinds of screwdrivers, chisels, punches and wrecking bars."

Copyright for Catalog #6, June 1, 1927

This 1928 edition of Engineers lists the P&C Company Officers:

  • John N. Peterson - President
  • Chas F. Carlborg - Vice President
  • J. B. Peterson - Secretary
  • Earl R. Lovell - Manager

Brand Names, Trade Names & Trademarks

 

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Early Hand Tools

Image Description: 

This is an example of an early P&C ratchet.

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Image 2 Description: 

It has a very simple, but sturdy mechanism. The ratchet is very smooth.

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P & C Ratchets

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P & C Sockets

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P & C Wrenches

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P&C Drive Tool Accessories

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Packer Auto Specialty

Page-Storms Drop Forge Co.

Page-Storms Drop Forge Co. - The November 29, 1900 issue of Iron Age indicates Page-Storms purchased the Overman Wheel Company's former plant in Chicopee.

In 1895, John F. Fitzgerald is awarded a patent (531,628) for an adjustable wrench and assigns 1/2 ownership to Frank Storms.

In 1902, Page-Storms is identified as manufacturer, under the catagories of: Drop Forgings and Bicycle Forgings.

The September 3, 1903 edition of The Iron Age reports the Page-Storms Drop Forging Co. is adding a new line of wrenches to their product line.  New lines (at Page-Storms) are Construction, Angle and "Wolf Jaw" wrenches.  The article also notes that Page-Storms is the successor to Springfield Drop Forge, indicating they purchased the company.  The article notes that Springfield will also expand their wrench line with: Single and Double End Engineers' and Set Screw Wrenches, Tool Post Wrenches, Chuck Wrenches, S Wrenches and Milling Machine Wrenches.

This article from June 25, 1903 announces the acquisition of Springfield Forge by Page-Storms.

Page-Storms incorporation was chartered on July 8, 1903.

1904 Page-Storms "New Catalog" announcement including new lines of wrenches.

The December 20, 1906 edition of The Iron Trade Review announced a new building being erected in Chicopee, which appears to consolidate operation of Page-Storm and Springfield Forges.

December 14, 1914, Mr. Page passes.

The 1922 Moody's Manual reports that Westinghouse purchased the Page-Storms plant of Chicopee in 1915.  There appears to be significant interaction between Page-Storms and Westinghouse, and the next two references provide evidence of the acquisition of Page-Storms by Westinghouse.  Note that this reference indicates the purchase of the building only by Westinghouse.  This article, reporting on the establishment of the Storms Drop Forging Co., mentions that Page-Storms was in fact sold to New England Westinghouse Co..  And finally, this article from Moody's confirms that in August of 1915, Westinghouse did indeed purchase Page-Storms.

Page-Storms was purchased by Moore Drop Forge in 1919, according to Moody's.  Note also that it appears a significant portion of the stock purchased in order to acquire Page-Storms was acquired from Westinghouse.  (Scroll down when reading the link)

Panama Wrench Company

Panama Wrench Company (Los Angeles, CA) ​- Incorporated 10/8/1915 by U. Fernandez, E. A. Hillman, and M. J. Lovett to produces the Toth patent wrench below.  This wrench was manufactured, as evidenced by an auction sale by Don Ervin and Robert Matz Antique Wrench Auction - April 17 and 18, 2009 - York, NebraskaThe disposition of the company is unknown, and the final reference we found was April of 1916.

Steven Toth Patent #1,070,559 - Wrench

Parmelee Wrench Company

Parmelee Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL) - This company was likely formed in the late 1890s by Justin Parmelee.  On April 4, 1909, Domestic Engineering reports the passing of Justin Parmelee, then President of the company.  A March, 1914 wedding announcement identifies Roy Parmelee (Justin's son) as President of the company.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Parmelee (Pipe Wrenches, Ratchets, Socket Wrenches)

Note that Homer has an earlier "Design Patent," #17,614 for a steam radiator that is assigned to Bartlett, Hayward & Co.  Homer also patented an improved method for molding pipes in 1860, Patent #29,908.  Homer also patented a machine for winding / twisting fibers, Patent #56,258.

Homer Parmelee (Baltimore) Patent #379,123 - Pipe Wrench - Unassigned

Homer Parmelee (Philadelphia) Patent #590,853 - Pipe Wrench - Unassigned

Homer Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #648,706 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Justin Parmele

Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #871,436 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Parmele Wrench Co.

Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #1,336,754 - Pipe Vise - Self Assigned

Roy Parmelee (Chicago) Patent #1,336,755 - Pipe Vise - Self Assigned

Patterson, Gottfried & Hunter, Ltd.

Patterson, Gottfried & Hunter, Ltd. (New York, NY) - Incorporated 5/17/1889 by Charles S. Shepard and Robert J. Hunter (among others) to carry on the hardware business.  However, an article regarding a missing man, published 11/8/1890 notes the man has worked for this company for the past 9 years, indicating a much earlier date for the company, ca. 1881.  The firm appears to have gone bankrupt ca. late 1912 and in 1913, their treasurer Mr. Frederick J. Voss was convicted of forgery.  The "Ellis" wrench referred to below is the same wrench manufactured by the Offset Handle Wrench Company - See image below.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Ellis (Pipe Wrenches)
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Peck, Stow & Wilcox (PS&W) (PEXTO)

The Vintage Machinery website has an excellent historical writeup on this company and can be found here.

ToolArchives Research

The following information comes from a report published by the Connecticut Bureau of Labor Statistics for the year ending 11/30/1903.

The origin of the Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co. dates back to 1797.  In that year Seth Peck, of Southington, Conn., commenced the manufacture of Tinsmiths' Machines, to take the place of hand tools exclusively used by tinsmiths before that date.  By gradual growth the following firms have succeeded to that business: Seth Peck & Co., O. & N. Peck, Peck, Smith & Co. and the Peck-Smith Mfg. Co.

Up to this time the sole manufacture was tinsmiths' tools and machines.  By 1870, the S. Stow Mfg. Co. of Plantsville, and the Roys & Wilcox Co. of East Berlin were competitors in that business.  In December, 1870, these three firms united and formed a joint stock company under the name of Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co.  In 1880 the firm was incorporated by special act of the General Assembly with an authorized capital of one and a half million dollars.  Within a year that amount of capital was all paid in and Wilcox, Treadway & Co., of Cleveland, O., was absorbed by the firm.

The company now has factories in Southington, Plantsville and Eas Berlin, Conn., covering a floor space of about two hundred and sixty thousand square feet, and factories in Cleveland, O., covering about eighty-nine thousand feet more, making in all about sevan and a half square acres.

Tinsmiths' tools and machines still constiture a prominent portion of the company's product, but a varied line has been gradually added.  This now embraces as its principal items, carpenters, machinists and blacksmiths tools, housekeeping implements such as meat and food cutters, coffee mills and scale beams and a varied assortment of builders' hardware.

Contradicting the above, an article from a 1937 edition of Hardware Age, only available to us as a clipped snippet and therefore incomplete, notes that a recent government study found PEXTO origins as far back as 1785.  While we have not yet made the connection between Beckley and any of the PEXTO member companies, this snippet supports him making tools in the area in 1785.  This snippet from a 1941 edition of American Machinist appears to make the connection between Berkely and Wilcox.

On 11/12/1878 the New York Times reports the wood shop and brass foundry were completely destroyed.  It was to be immediately rebuilt.

On 12/19/1883, The Brooklyn Daily Eagle reports that the Peck, Stow & Wilcox Edge Tool plant at Cheshire was completely destroyed by fire.  This particular fire happened during a depressive era and it's not clear it was ever rebuilt.

Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co. (New York, NY)

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

The 1890 edition of Seeger and Guernsey's Cyclopaedia of the Manufactures and Products of the United States lists PEXTO in the following manufacturer catagories (hand tools in bold):

  • Alarm Door Bells
  • Carriage Bolts
  • Flower Pot Brackets
  • Bronze Butts
  • Cast Butts
  • Door Butts
  • Door Springs
  • Builders' Hardware
  • Sausage Meat Cutters
  • Ox Balls
  • Steel Traps
  • Fire Sets (tool sets)
  • Brass Match Safes
  • Bush Hooks
  • Jack Screws
  • Calipers
  • Carpenters' Chisels
  • Cold Chisels
  • Quilt Frame Clamps
  • Coffee Mills
  • Draw Knives
  • Iron Rules
  • Steel Rules
  • Beading Machines
  • Burring Machines
  • Cornice Machines
  • Crimping Machines
  • Double Seaming Machines
  • Fire Pots, Tinners
  • Folding Machines
  • Forming Machines
  • Gutter Machines
  • Notching Machines
  • Tinners' Punches
  • Circular Shears
  • Squaring Shears
  • Soldering Coppers
  • Tinners' Stakes
  • Swaging Machines
  • Tin Roofing Machines
  • Tin Roofing Tools
  • Tinsmiths' Machines
  • Tinsmiths' Tools
  • Turning Machines
  • Wiring Machines
  • Fire Shovels
  • Iron Squares
  • Plate Glass Squares

In the 1899 edition, PEXTO has added the following tools (along with multiple non-tool products) to their manufacturing list:

  • Garden Tools
  • Garden Trowels
  • Ratchet Drills
  • Chisels
  • Box Chisels
  • Hammers
  • Tack Hammers
  • Ice Axes
  • Tinners' Snips
  • Shovels

At least by 1892, and possibly earlier, PEXTO was making solid steel hammers.  Auger bits begin appearing in advertisements around 1893.

In February of 1910, PEXTO publishes its "2nd Edition" of their Hand Tools Catalog.  This full page advertisement from the March, 1910 edition of Popular Mechanics elaborates on the contents of this 2nd edition catalog consisting of 160 pages.

In September of 1953, Billings & Spencer tendered an offer to purchase PEXTO.  The offer was bested by the United Industrial Syndicate, Inc.  An article in Hardware age from late 1953 reveals the successful bidder as Billings & Spencer.

Squire Robinson Patent #299,165 - Wrench (Noted in Iron Age as having been produced by Peck, Stow & Wilcox.)

    Image Description: 

    Main factory at the corner of Center St. & South Center St. Southington CT Photo Credit: Wisconsin Historical Society

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    Penens Corporation

    Plomb "Creates" Fleet - Throughout the war years, we find many references to Plomb "contracting" between 27 and 31 factories to produce wartime tools (see above note).  They all reference a "Plomb Tool Contracting Company."  According to recently discoverd information, it appears Fleet nor Penens were in fact acquistions.  Rather, it is evident by this court ruling that Plomb incorporated Fleet as the "Plomb Tool Contracting Company" in 1942, renamed it to Penens Corporation on September 8, 1943, and to Penens Tool Corporation on February 26, 1956.  On November 26, 1963, the name was again changed to Fleet Tool Corporation.

    We are finding that while Fleet/Penens were "concocted" during the war as a convenient way of managing sub-contracts, the Penens / Fleet entities were likely the source and manager of contract tool production after the war as well.

    Brands, Trade Names and Trademarks

    • Fleet Quality Tools Logo (All tools) (First use 8/29/1947)  NOTE: This registration lists Albert Said as President.  NOTE: ​See page 2 of the link.  This TM was amended on 10/6/1964 by Fleet Tool Corporation (logo modified as well)
    • Fleet (Registered by Fleet Tool Corporation) (Mechanics' Hand Tools) (First Use 8/1/1947)

    Penens Drive Tool Accessories

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    Penens Ratchets

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    Penens Sockets

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    Penens Wrenches

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    Perfection Wrench Company

    Perfection Wrench Co. (Port Chester, NY) - Incorporated 9/16/1907 by Charles F. Dalton, George A. McIntire, and A. M. McIntire.  The company advertised McIntire's wrench design up to ca. 1922.

    George Alexander McIntire Patent #858,357 - Wrench

    George Alexander McIntire Patent #952,079 - Wrench

    George Alexander McIntire Canadian Patent #119,225 - Wrench

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Perfection (Adjustables)
    Image Description: 

    1911 Advertisement

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    Pittsburgh Automatic Wrench Company

    Pittsburgh Automatic Wrench Company (Pittsburgh, PA) - Incorporated 7/8/1904 by George H. Corey, Eugene Schooley, and J. L. Cohencious.  Plant closed down and all contents sold on June 28, 1906.  However, the company is still listed in directories until ca. 1908.

    We have been unable to locate the product of this company, however it "could" be a wrench patented by Cyrus N. Schooley in October of 1904 - Patent #771,328 - Tool.  Although, newspaper articles seem to indicate their product was an innovative pipe wrench.

    Plomb Tool Company

    See our Plomb Research Page

    Plomb Company Timeline Page

    From the Proto Website: Proto was founded in 1907 in Los Angeles, CA by Alphonso Plomb, Jacob Weninger, and Charles Williams as PLOMB To​ols. They began making punches and chisels from Model T axles. In 1917, John Pendelton became a partner, and his son Morris Pendelton became the General Manager in 1922. In the 1930's, Morris introduced the first line of combination wrenches to the market. They were based on the original design by Mr. Plomb. Throughout the 1940's, PLOMB Tools acquired several other companies including Cragin Tool of Chicago, IL in 1940, P&C Tool of Oregon in 1941, Penens Tool of Cleveland, OH in 1942, and J.P. Danielson of Jamestown, NY in 1947. A lawsuit was filed by the Plumb hammer company when PLOMB Tool added ball peen hammers to the line, and the brand name had to be changed. A lady working in the factory won the naming contest when she suggested PROTO. The name was derived by combining the first few letters of the two words that described its products: "Professional" and "Tool." Morris Pendleton sold Proto to Ingersoll Rand in the early 1960's, and in 1984, The Stanley Works purchased Proto to form Stanley-Proto Industrial Tools. Today, Proto offers a complete line of more than 5,000 tools and sets that are manufactured to the highest standards in the USA. Proto tools exceed ASME specifications, feature TorquePlus™ drive configuration on sockets and wrenches, and carry a limited lifetime warranty. As a result, Proto is the most recognized brand and the most often used hand tool in the industry. Stanley Black & Decker provides Proto Industrial Tools with a history of industry leadership. For over 160 years, the Stanley® brand has been synonymous with quality, reliable products. Within Stanley Black & Decker, Proto Industrial Tools are a part of the Industrial Automotive Repair division, which also sells mechanics tools under the Stanley, Blackhawk by Proto and Facom brand names.​

    Plomb Tool Co. (Anaheim, CA)

    Sub Brands: / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Wilpen (Deep Offset DBE)
    • Proto (First use 1/23/1948) // Proto (2) // Proto (3) (First use 3/14/1949)
    • Toolmobile with upside down triangle stylized "o's" (Roller Tool Boxes) (First use 12/13/1946) - Cancelled 1956 // Toolmobile without stylized "o's" re-registered 11/27/1956 with same first use claim.
    • BetR-Grip (Screwdrivers & Wrenches) (First use 7/31/1962)
    • Proto Flying Lady Logo (Seen on Tool Boxes but references all tools) (First Use 8/15/1949)

       * Penens Corp (Los Angeles, CA)

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Challenger (~1953 - 1975) (Under Challenger Tool Co. [Div. Ingersoll Rand] from ~1966)
    • Fleet (~1963 - 1977) (Under Fleet Tool Co. [Div. Ingersoll Rand] from ~1970)
    • Fleet Quality Tools (First Use 8/29/1947)
    • Socketeer (Socket Wrench Sets) (First 3/31/1954)

       Contract Production for

    • Vlchek
    • Air Force "WF"
    • Bell Systems
    • ArtCraft (Pep Boys) (Ratchet, Drive Tools)
    • Mastercraft (Coast-to-Coast Stores)

      * Fleet Tool Corp. (Schiller Park, Ill)

    Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

    • Fleet (First use on wrenches 8/1/1947) (Registered 1965)
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    Company Historical Timeline

    Click here to view the company history in a timeline view: http://toolarchives.com/?q=Plomb-Company-timeline

    Below is a timeline of various events, changes, and tool/feature debuts I have compiled over time through various resources. Contributed by Conductor56.

    1907: Plomb Tools founded by Alphonse Plomb, Jacob Weninger and Charles R. Williams in Los Angeles, CA

    1917: John Pendleton buys out Alphonse Plomb's 50% stake in the company

    1921: Plomb markets their first wrenches

    1923: Plomb introduces their "Big Bertha" sockets covering sizes 15/16" - 2"

    1928: Plomb purchases Paschall

    1933: Combination wrenches introduced

    1934: Plomb replaces the letter "O" with the upside down triangle in their stampings

    1938: Plomb goes public (which it remained until 1964)

    1939 (late): USA replaces Los Angeles in Plomb tool stampings

    1940: Plomb acquires Cragin Tools

    1941: Plomb acquires P&C Tool

    1942: Plomb acquires Penens

    1945: (Late) Pebble finish first appears on the majority of Plomb's offerings. The pebble grain design first appeared in the late 1930's on plier handles which were made for Plomb under contract with other manufacturers.

    1946: Plomb is sued by the Fayette R. Plumb tool company.

    1947: * Morris Pendleton settles the pending lawsuit agreeing to cease using the Plomb name in advertisements by Mar 24 1948 and the Plomb Trademark by Mar 24 1950.
    * Pendleton purchases J. P. Danielson Company of Jamestown, NY

    1949: After a contempt lawsuit by Fayette R. Plumb over the manner in which Plomb was advertising their tools (PROTO -Mfd. by Plomb Tool Co.), the lawsuit is settled for the final time allowing Plomb to mark tools as Plomb and advertise them as "Proto Tools, formerly Plomb tools" up through March 1950. Plomb was also required to pay Plumb $250,000 in non-interest bearing notes.

    1950: last dual stamped roll off the line on March 24th

    1952: Proto Canada established
    The term "Bet'R Grip" is used to describe screwdrivers for the first time. (The term Bet'R Grip was used by J.P. Danielson as early as the 1920's on pliers)

    1954: Non-Stillson pipe wrenches appear for the first time.

    1955: (September 29th) Plomb acquires Tubing Appliance Corporation

    1956: USA replaces Los Angeles in Proto tool stampings

    1957: (January 9) shareholders of Plomb Tool voted to change the corporate name to Pendleton Tool Industries

    1959: "Clik Stop" Adjustable wrenches appear
    Vlchek Tools acquired (December 18th)

    1962: Proto markets it's first wrenches made with cadmium free steel

    1963: Proto Mexico (Protomex) established

    1964: Proto purchased by Ingersall Rand on February 29th.

    1970: Proto begins to turn it's focus almost entirely to the industrial market

    1974 P&C brand discontinued (note-- under IR ownership. P&C factory remained in operation producing Proto, Challenger, and contract tools)

    1978 P&C factory complex demolished and new metal building erected (note-- under IR ownership. Still producing non P&C branded tools)

    1984: Proto purchased by Stanley on April 30th for $34,958,000

    1986: Stanley's purchases National Hand Tool thus acquiring the Blackhawk, New Britain, and Husky brands.
    Sockets become stamped or "cold forged" rather than machined.

    1990 The new P&C factory is shut down, all production ceases, and all employees laid off (note-- this under Stanley Works ownership)

    1994: Proto introduces their "Torqueplus" box end design.

    2001: Proto introduces their ASD "Anti-Slip Design" open end

    2006: Stanley acquires Facom and Virax

    2013: (July) Proto introduces air tools to their line.
    Proto I-Beam logo first appears. Complete changeover completed later in 2014

    Morris Pendleton & the LA Chamber of Commerce

    This excerpt comes from the book entitled "How Local Politics Shape Federal Policy," by Sarah S. Elkind, published in 2011. The below images are an excerpt from the book highlighting Mr. Pendleton's role on the council during WW II, as well as identifying many of his other roles and memberships at the time.

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    Non-Plomb Branded Tools

    Bell Systems Tools

    Image Description: 

    Bell Systems H26508 - Metal Rolling Tool (Shown with Plomb WF-21) It is not known if the tool itself was produced by Plomb, but the WF-21 ratchet is permanently affixed.
    Patent Link: http://www.google.com/patents/US1896512

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    Craftsman Circle U

    Image Description: 

    Circle U 3/8" drive ratchet shown along side a Plomb WF-21.

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    Firestone Tools

    Image Description: 

    This is a Firestone branded 1/2" drive socket set. The unmistakable "pebble background" is a dead giveaway that these tools are produced by Plomb.

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    Image 2 Description: 

    This is a 1/2" drive Firestone ratchet from the above set along with another showing opposite sides.

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    Image 3 Description: 

    This is the 1/2" drive 1" 12pt. socket from the set above. It is stamped with the identification number 222.

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    Image 4 Description: 

    This is a 3/4 Firestone combination wrench. We see no similarities with Plomb / Proto Wrenches. Something of note however is that a Williams produced 3/4 combination wrench of the same era bears the identification number 1166, just as this Firestone Wrench.

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    Firestone 3/8" Drive Set

    Image 5: 
    Image 6 Description: 

    Firestone 1/4" Drive Set

    Image 6: 
    Image 7 Description: 

    As if any more proof were needed to prove these socket tools were made by Plomb/Proto, here is a ratchet contributed by Plombob that has the Firestone design, but a Proto faceplate. Notice the WF number on the faceplate. A very interesting tool.

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    SpeedMaster / Wards

    There is some evidence that Plomb also, at some point, manufactured tools for Wards under the Speed Master branding.

    Wizard Tools

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    Plomb & Proto Logo History

    Image Description: 

    This image is taken from the cover of the 1926 catalog.

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    Image 2 Description: 

    This logo comes from the cover of catalog 16A - 1936

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    Image 3 Description: 

    This image comes from Catalog 19A in 1941, and remained until the Plomb -> Proto name change.

    Image 3: 

    Plomb Era - The Tools

    Dating Plomb Era Tools

    Date Codes - Date codes were used on Plomb tools (most, not all) from 1927 to 1945.

    1927 - "7" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1928 - "8" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1929 - "9" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1930 - "0" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1931 - "1" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1932 - "2" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1933 - "3" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was a normal O, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1934 - "4" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1935 - "5" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1936 - "6" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1937 - "7" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    1938 - "8" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped Los Angeles.

    Early 1939 - "9" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools in Early 1939 were stamped Los Angeles.

    Late 1939 - "9" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools in Late 1939 were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1940 - "0" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1941 - "1" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1941 December - 2 letter coding system begins for War Production, second letter would be A, first letter represents the month (only L representing December) (We have not seen an example of a tool stamped representing this identification method and are doubtful a "LA" coded tool exists including the aforementioned markings.)

    1942 January = November - "2" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1942 - 2 letter coding system for War Production, second letter would be B, first letter represents the month (A through L = January through December respectively).  The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1943 - 2 letter coding system for War Production, second letter would be C, first letter represents the month (A through L = January through December respectively).  The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1944 - 2 letter coding system for War Production, second letter would be D, first letter represents the month (A through L = January through December respectively).  The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1945 - 2 letter coding system for War Production, second letter would be E, first letter represents the month (A through L = January through December respectively).  The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1945 - "5" followed by a letter. The "O" in Plomb was represented by an upside down triangle, and the tools were stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    1946 - Early 1947 - Tools marked with NO DATE CODE, and stamped "Made in U.S.A."

    Early 1947 - January 1, 1949 - Tools marked with no date code, and stamped "MFD. U.S.A."

    January 1, 1949 - March 24, 1950 - Tools marked "Proto by Plomb Tool Company."  All "O" alphas are represented by the upside-down triangle.  Tools marked with no date code, and stamped "MFD USA" (Notice the absence of dots in U.S.A.)  The wrench sizes are stamped in a small rectangular "pebble field," and all information is stamped on the same side of the shank, where the box offset is facing up.

    Proto LA Era - 1950 to 1956

    Combination Wrenches

    For combination wrenches, at least 2 distinct styles were used during this period.  Style 1: the pebble field and information are all stamped on the same side of the shank, where the box offset is facing up, as in this example.  We believe this style to represent only the first 1 or 2 years of production.  Reasoning: 1. This is the same manner in which the immediately prior transition style combination wrenches were stamped.  2. This style appears to be comparatively scarcer than the next style.

    Style 2: stamped with only the Pebble field sizes on the shank, where the box offset is facing up, and the model number, PROTO Los Angeles, MFD USA is stamped on the opposing shank, as in this example.  We submit that this style was produced for the majority of the Proto LA time period as they appear to be much more prevalant amongst our inventory.

    DOE / DBE Style Wrenches

    All DBE wrenches were stamped with both the pebble field and brand/model stamp on the same side of the shank, where the larger size box offset is pointing up and on the viewer's left, as in this example.

    All DOE wrenches were stamped with both the pebble field and brand/model stamp on the same side of the shank, where the larger opening is on the viewers left, and offset pointed toward the viewer, as in this example.

    Other Tools

    We have found only one style of stamping for Proto LA era sockets.  Some breaker bars and ratchets retained their full pebble field from the Plomb and Transition era for at least the beginning of this timeframe.  Specialty wrenches, such as tappets and other wrenches appear to have never received a "pebble field" stamp and retained all size, model, etc. information on one side of the shank, leaving the other side blank.

    Engineer's Wrenches

    Occasionally Engineer's wrenches turn up. These are very heavy duty, and typically larger sizes.

    Image Description: 

    This wrench is 3062-N, with 1-1/2 and 1-5/16 ends. The wrench is 1/2" thick. A 3/4" wrench is placed next to it for comparison.

    Image: 

    Oddball Tools

    Image Description: 

    This is an Oil Groover, for cutting oil passages in bearings. In catalog 15-A from 1936 it cost .40.

    Image: 

    Other Plomb Garage Tools

    Image Description: 

    This is the Plomb 4029 small puller set. The box measures 4" x 8" and contains:
    Plomb 4022 puller shaft
    Plomb 4021 main puller beam
    2 x Plomb 4025 4" puller arms
    2 x Plomb 4026 6" puller arms

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Here is an advertisement for Plomb Pullers in the August, 1944 edition of Flying Magazine.

    Image 2: 

    Plomb Drive Tool Accessories

    View Reference: 

    Plomb Hammers

    Image Description: 

    Plomb 1448 Two-Way Hammer, which is used for mounting tires and drawing rivets. This one is missing the rubber mallet tip.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Plomb 1428 Body Hammer

    Image 2: 

    Plomb Ratchets

    View Reference: 
    Image Description: 

    These ratchets are a 7" long 3/8" drive female 5251 with a date code of 6G = July, 1936, and a 10.5" long 1/2" drive female 5451 with a date code of 6F = June, 1936.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    This ratchet is a 10.5" long 1/2" drive female 5449 with a date code of 1D

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    These are WF-21 and WF-21 "style" unbranded ratchets, 1 with the optional spinner handle. Note the circle markings on the 2 non-Plomb branded ratchets. If there is any meaning to the circle markings, it is unclear what it is.

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    This is a WF-8 9/32 drive ratchet. It is 5 1/4" long.

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    This is a Plomb 5249 3/8" drive ratchet. It is just over 7" long.

    Image 5: 
    Image 6 Description: 

    This is a Plomb 5449 1/2" drive ratchet. It is just over 10" long.

    Image 6: 

    Plomb Sockets

    Chronological listing of Plomb Socket Styles.

    View Reference: 

    Plomb Stampings

    Image Description: 

    Here's an example of the GB stamping.

    Image: 

    Plomb Training Movies

    Plomb Wrenches

    The wrenches on this page are automatically loaded from content provided in the Wrench Upload Form.

    Image Description: 

    This is a pair of early, and most likely pre standard production, Plomb combination wrenches. Note the absence of a date code or catalog number. While 1933 is generally accepted as the "first year" for the Plomb 12xx series of combination wrenches these probably date from 1932.

    View Reference: 
    Image: 

    Plomb-Proto Transition Year Tools (Grind off and Dual Marked - 1948 - 1950)

    Image Description: 

    Proto/Plomb Dual Marked Double Box End Wrenches.

    Image: 

    Lawsuit / Transition Tools

    Image Description: 

    Transition Era combination wrenches.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Transition Era Double Box End Wrenches

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    This is an example of a "Lawsuit tool". The Plomb name and logo were completely removed. It was done with care - The borders are not damaged and it was ground just enough to obliterate the name and logo.

    Image 3: 

    The Plomb LA Era

    Plomb marked their tools with "Los Angeles" until mid-1939. In this section we will present examples of tools from that era.

    Image Description: 

    These ratchets are a 7" long 3/8" drive female 5251 with a date code of 6G = July, 1936, and a 10.5" long 1/2" drive female 5451 with a date code of 6F = June, 1936.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    This is a DBE 1126 wrench, 1/2 x 9/16 with a date code of 8B = February, 1938. It is 6 1/2" long.

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    This is a DBE 1145 wrench, 1 x 15/16 with a date code of 7C = March, 1937. It is 13 1/2" long.

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    This is a 1130 DBE wrench, 9/16 x 5/8 with a date code of 4C = March, 1934. It is 7 1/2" long

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    This is a 3050 DOE wrench, 1 1/16 x 1 1/8 with a date code of 6C = March 1936. It is 11 1/2" long

    Image 5: 

    The Plomb Pebble Era

    Image Description: 

    Full Pebble Field Combination Wrenches.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Full Pebble Field Double Open End Wrenches

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    Full Pebble Field Double Box End Wrenches

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    Full Pebble Field Ratchets / Breakers

    Image 4: 

    The WF Series

    The following is the most recent known list of WF tools, and their description and "discovered" status. This list was posted by Conductor56 on the Garage Gazette.

    WF Number Identification
    WF-1 3/8" to 1/2" adapter
    WF-2 1/2" to 3/8" Socket Adapter
    WF-3 Unknown
    WF-4 2" extension 9/32 Drive
    WF-5 6" extension 9/32 Drive
    WF-6 9/32" Extension/Nut driver
    WF-7 9/32" Breaker Bar
    WF-8 9/32" Ratchet plus a very few 1/4" ratchets marked WF-8-S
    WF-9 9/32" Sliding T Bar
    WF-10 through 15 9/32" sockets 3/16" & 1/4" (6 Pt)- 5/16",11/32",3/8" & 7/16" (12 pt)
    WF-16 3/8" Drive 3" Extension
    WF-17 3/8" Drive 5" Extension
    WF-18 3/8" Drive 7" extension
    WF-19 3/8" Drive 12"" Extension
    WF-20 3/8" Drive Flex Breaker Bar /Extension
    WF-21 3/8" Drive Ratchet- WF-21-S has wooden knob at end of handle
    WF-22 3/8" Drive sliding T-Bar
    WF-23 3/8" Drive Speed Wrench
    WF-24 3/8" Drive Universal Adapter
    WF-25 through WF-33 3/8" Drive Socket 1/4" through 3/4 by 1/16th's
    WF-34 1/2" Drive 5" extension
    WF-35 1/2" Drive 9" extension
    WF-36 1/2" Drive 20"" extension
    WF-37 1/2" Drive Breaker Bar
    WF-38 1/2" Drive Ratchet - WF-38-T Short, female fitting in handle
    WF-39 1/2" Drive Sliding T-Bar
    WF-40 1/2" Drive Speed Wrench
    WF-41 1/2" Drive Universal adapter
    WF-42 through WF-56 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 3/8" through 1-1/4" by 1/16th's
    WF-57 3/4" Drive 8" Extension
    WF-58 3/4" Drive 15" Extension
    WF-59 3/4" Drive Breaker Bar
    WF-60 Unknown
    WF-61 through 71 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1-5/16" through 2" by 1/16th's
    WF-72 through WF-78 3/8 Drive Universal Sockets 3/8" through 3/4" by 1/16th's
    WF-79 Box 3/8" x 5/16"
    WF-80 Box 7/16" x 3/8"
    WF-81 Box 9/16" x 1/2"
    WF-82 Box 11/16" x 5/8"
    WF-83 Box 7/8" x 3/4"
    WF-84 Box 13/16" x 7/8"
    WF-85 Box 1 x 15/16"
    WF-86 Box 1-1/8" x 1-1/16"
    WF-87 Box 1-5/16" x 1-1/4"
    WF-88 Box 1-3/8" x 1-1/4"
    WF-89 Box 1-1/2" x 1-7/16"
    WF-90 Ignition wrench 1/4" x 3/16" Open
    WF-91 Unknown
    WF-92 Open Wrench 7/16" x 1/2"
    WF-93 Open Wrench 9/16" x 5/8"
    WF-94 Open Wrench 11/16" x 25/32"
    WF-95 Open Wrench 7/8"x 15/16"
    WF-96 Unknown
    WF-97 Open Ignition Wrench 15/64" both ends
    WF-98 Open Ignition Wrench 1/4" both ends
    WF-99 Open Ignition Wrench 5/16" both ends.
    WF-100 Open ignition Wrench 11/32" both ends
    WF-101 Open Ignition Wrench 3/8" both ends
    WF-102 Open Ignition Wrench 7/16" both ends
    WF-103 Open Ignition Wrench 1/2" both ends
    WF-104 3/4” line wrench
    WF-105 Unknown
    WF-106 Unknown
    WF-107 1-1/16" line wrench
    WF-108 1-1/8" line wrench
    WF-109 Unknown
    WF-111 1-5/16" line wrench
    WF-112 1-3/8" line wrench
    WF-113 1-7/16" line wrench
    WF-114 1-1/2" line wrench
    WF-115 1-5/8" line wrench
    WF-116 1-3/4" line wrench
    WF-117 to WF-119 Unknown
    WF-120 through 126 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Sockets 3/8" through 3/4" by 1/16th's
    WF-127 through 137 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep sockets 1/2 through 1-1/8" by 1/16th's

    Examples: WF-1 through WF-8

    Image Description: 

    WF-1: 3/8" to 1/2" Socket Adapter

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-2: 1/2" to 3/8" Socket Adapter

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-3: Unknown

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-4: 2" extension 9/32 Drive

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-5 6" extension 9/32 Drive

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-6 9/32" Extension/Nut driver

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-7 9/32" Breaker Bar

    Image 7: 
    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-8 9/32" Ratchet plus a very few 1/4" ratchets marked WF-8-S
    Photo Credit: Bonneyman

    Image 8: 

    Examples: WF-9 through WF-16

    Image Description: 

    WF-9: 9/32" Sliding T Bar

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-10 - WF-10 9/32" socket 3/16" (6 Pt.)

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-11 - 9/32" socket 1/4" (6 Pt.)

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-12: 9/32" drive socket 5/16" (12 pt)

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-13: 9/32" drive socket 11/32" (12 pt)

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-14: 9/32" drive socket 3/8" (12 pt)

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-15: 9/32" drive socket 7/16" (12 pt)

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-16: WF-16 3/8" Drive 3" Extension

    Examples: WF-17 through WF-24

    Image Description: 

    WF-17: 3/8" Drive 5" Extension

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-18: 3/8" Drive 7" extension

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-19:3/8" Drive 12"" Extension

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-20: 3/8" Drive Flex Breaker Bar /Extension

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-21: 3/8" Drive Ratchet- WF-21-S has wooden knob at end of handle. This Proto branded example contributed by: bill300d

    Image 5: 
    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-22: 3/8" Drive sliding T-Bar

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-23: 3/8" Drive Speed Wrench

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-24: 3/8" Drive Universal Adapter

    Examples: WF-25 through WF-32

    Image Description: 

    WF-25: 3/8" Drive Socket 1/4"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-26: 3/8" Drive Socket 5/16"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-27: 3/8" Drive Socket 3/8"

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-28: 3/8" Drive Socket 7/16"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-29: 3/8" Drive Socket 1/2"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-30: 3/8" Drive Socket 9/16"

    Image 6: 
    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-31: 3/8" Drive Socket 5/8"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-32: 3/8" Drive Socket 11/16"

    Image 8: 

    Examples: WF-33 through WF-40

    Image Description: 

    WF-33: 3/8" Drive Socket 3/4"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-34: 1/2" Drive 5" extension

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-35: 1/2" Drive 9" extension

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-36: 1/2" Drive 20"" extension

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-37: 1/2" Drive Breaker Bar

    Image 5: 
    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-38: 1/2" Drive Ratchet - WF-38-T Short, female fitting in handle
    Photo Credit: 3baygarage // Garage Journal

    Image 6: 
    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-39: 1/2" Drive Sliding T-Bar

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-40: 1/2" Drive Speed Wrench
    Photo Credit: DWISE, Garage Journal

    Image 8: 

    Examples: WF-41 through WF-48

    Image Description: 

    WF-41 1/2" Drive Universal adapter

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-42: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Socket 3/8"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-43: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Socket 7/16"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-44: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1/2"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-45: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 9/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-46: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 5/8"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-47: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 11/16"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-48: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 3/4"

    Examples: WF-49 through WF-56

    Image Description: 

    WF-49: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 13/16"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-50: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 7/8"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-51: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 115/16"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-52: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-53: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1 1/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-54: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1 1/8"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-55: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1 3/16"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-56: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Sockets 1 1/4"

    Examples: WF-57 through WF-64

    Image Description: 

    WF-57: 3/4" Drive 8" Extension

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-58: 3/4" Drive 15" Extension

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-59: 3/4" Drive Breaker Bar

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-60: Unknown

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-61: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 5/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-62: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 3/8"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-63: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 7/16"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-64: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 1/2"

    Examples: WF-65 through WF-72

    Image Description: 

    WF-65: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 9/16"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-66: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 5/8"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-67: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 11/16"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-68: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 3/4"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-69: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 13/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-70: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 7/8"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-71: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 1 15/16"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-72: 3/4" Drive 12 Pt Socket 2"

    Examples: WF-73 through WF-80

    Image Description: 

    WF-73 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 7/16"

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-74 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 1/2"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-75 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 9/16"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-76 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 5/8"

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-77 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 11/16"

    Image 5: 
    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-78 - 3/8" Drive Universal Socket - 3/4"

    Image 6: 
    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-79 - 5/16" x 3/8" DBE Wrench

    Image 7: 
    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-80 - 7/16" x 3/8" DBE Wrench - Contributed by: bill300d

    Image 8: 

    Examples: WF-81 through WF-88

    Image Description: 

    WF-81 Box 9/16" x 1/2"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-82 Box 11/16" x 5/8"

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-83 Box 7/8" x 3/4"

    Image 3: 
    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-84 Box 13/16" x 7/8"

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-85 Box 1 x 15/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-86 Box 1-1/8" x 1-1/16"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-87 Box 1-5/16" x 1-1/4"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-88 Box 1-3/8" x 1-1/4"

    Examples: WF-89 through WF-96

    Image Description: 

    WF-89 Box 1-1/2" x 1-7/16"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-90 Ignition wrench 1/4" x 3/16" Open

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-91 Unknown

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-92 Open Wrench 7/16" x 1/2"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-93 Open Wrench 9/16" x 5/8"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-94 Open Wrench 11/16" x 25/32"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-95 Open Wrench 7/8"x 15/16"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-96 Unknown

    Examples: WF-97 through WF-104

    Image Description: 

    WF-97 Open Ignition Wrench 15/64" both ends

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-98 Open Ignition Wrench 1/4" both ends

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-99 Open Ignition Wrench 5/16" both ends.

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-100 Open ignition Wrench 11/32" both ends

    Image 4: 
    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-101 Open Ignition Wrench 3/8" both ends

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-102 Open Ignition Wrench 7/16" both ends

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-103 Open Ignition Wrench 1/2" both ends

    Image 7: 
    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-104 3/4” line wrench

    Examples: WF-105 through WF-112

    Image Description: 

    WF-105 Unknown

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-106 Unknown

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-107 1-1/16" line wrench

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-108 1-1/8" line wrench

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-109 Unknown

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF - 110 - Unknown

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-111 1-5/16" line wrench

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-112 1-3/8" line wrench

    Examples: WF-113 through WF-120

    Image Description: 

    WF-113 1-7/16" line wrench

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-114 1-1/2" line wrench

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-115 1-5/8" line wrench

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-116 1-3/4" line wrench

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-117 Unknown

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-118 Unknown

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-119 Unknown

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-120 - 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 3/8"

    Examples: WF-121 through WF-128

    Image Description: 

    WF-121: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 7/16"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-122: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 1/2"

    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-123: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 9/16"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-124: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 5/8"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-125: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 11/16"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-126: 3/8" Drive 12 Pt Deep Socket 3/4"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-127: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 1/2"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-128: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 9/16"

    Examples: WF-129 through WF-136

    Image Description: 

    WF-129: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 5/8"

    Image 2 Description: 

    WF-130: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 11/16"

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    WF-131: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 3/4"

    Image 4 Description: 

    WF-132: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 13/16"

    Image 5 Description: 

    WF-133: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 7/8"

    Image 6 Description: 

    WF-134: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 15/16"

    Image 7 Description: 

    WF-135: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 1"

    Image 8 Description: 

    WF-136: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 1 1/16"

    Examples: WF-137

    Examples: WF-137 and WF - Oddities

    Image Description: 

    WF-137: 1/2" Drive 12 Pt Deep socket 1 1/8"

    War Finish Tools

    War Finish marked tools aren't exactly easy to come by. During WWII, the bulk of production was focused on the war effort, with very little marketing and/or sales to the general public. The "War Finish" examples on this page represent those few tools sold to the public during the war, which is indicated by the "War Finish" stamp.

    Image Description: 

    This is a set of War Finish combination wrenches ranging from 5/16" to 11/16"

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Plomb 5249 War Finish Ratchet.

    Image 2: 

    Plomb Patents

    Listed below are the patents.google.com search results for Plomb Tool.

    Tool display stand Nov. 4, 1952 HOWARD Des. 168,095 TOOL DISPLAY ...

    Grant USD168095S Edgar F. Howard The Plomb Tool Company

    Priority • Filed 1952-07-05 Granted 1952-11-04
    Tool display stand. Nov. 4, 1952 HOWARD Des. 168,095. TOOL DISPLAY STAND Filed July 5, 1952 JNVENTOR. 06 an E /omqeo u ttor'nsy Patented Nov. 4, 1952 UNITED Des. 168,095. STATES PATENT OFFICE TOOL DISPLAY STAND Edgar F. Howard, Milwaukie, 0reg., assignor to The Plomb Tool ...

    Driver for a universal-joint removing tool Des. 193,580 Patented Sept. 11 ...

    Grant USD193580S Robert L. Sly

    Priority • Filed 1960-07-25 Granted 1962-09-11
    1 is a front perspective view of a driver for a universal-joint removing tool embodying my new design;. FIG. ... The ornamental design for a driver for a universaljoint removing tool, substantially as shown. References Cited in the file of this patent Plomb Tool 00., Los Angeles 54, Calif., catalog N0. 4820 ...

    Brake shoe tool United States Patent Ofiice Des. 183,706 Patented Oct. 14 ...

    Grant USD183706S Lee Austin Simmons

    Priority • Filed 1957-08-05 Granted 1958-10-14
    The side not shown is a mirror image of the side shown. I claim: The ornamental design for a brake shoe too1, substantially as shown and described. References Cited in the file of this patent Plomb Tool Co. Proto Tools Catalog No. 5427, 1954 edition, page 40, brake spring pliers No. 215, top of page.

    Wire stripper Jan. 13, 1959 c, RADCLIFFE 2,868,049 WIRE STRIPPER Filed ...

    Grant US2868049A Charles A Radcliffe Plomb Tool Company

    Priority 1956-11-16 • Filed 1956-11-16 Granted 1959-01-13
    WIRE STRIPPER Filed Nov. 16, 1956 IN VEN TOR. G/mue's A. ,eMCL/FFE BY f 10 United States Patent 9 WIRE STRIPPER Charles A. Radcliffe, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to The Plomb Tool Company, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Application November 16, 1956, Serial No. 622,667.

    Jaw-insert pliers Des. US$43 Patented June 1%, 1956 United States Patent ...

    Grant USD178041S Woodford J. Crump

    Priority • Filed 1956-03-06 Granted 1956-06-19
    Term of patent 14 years Figure 1 is a perspective view of a jaw-insert pliers References Cited in the file of this patent embodying my new design; and. Plomb Tool Company catalog No. 4820, 1948, page Figure 2 is an elevattonal view of the side opposite 36 items 236 and 240 that shown in Figure 1 .

    Handle for screwdrivers and the like June 10,1947. E. H. DANIELS Des ...

    Grant USD146898S Elmer H. Daniels

    Priority • Filed 1946-02-25 Granted 1947-06-10
    STATES PATENT OFFICE DESIGN FOR A HANDLE FOR SCREW- DRIVERS AND THE LIKE Elmer H. Daniels, Pasadena, Calif., assignor to The Plomb Tool Company, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, Elmer H. Daniels, a citizen of the United ...

    Design for a hammer head June 10, 1947. DANlELs Des. 146,899 ' V ...

    Grant USD146899S Elmer H. Daniels The Plomb Tool Company

    Priority • Filed 1946-02-25 Granted 1947-06-10
    Design for a hammer head. June 10, 1947. DANlELs Des. 146,899. ' V HAMMER HEAD Filed Feb. 25 , 1946 [4 M51? hf fl lv/as,. I N V EN T OR. ATTORNEK Patented June 10, 1947 Des. 146,899. DESIGN FOR A HAMMIER HEAD Elmer H. Daniels, Pasadena, Calif., assignor to The Plomb Tool Company ...

    Electroplating rack Feb. 13, 1951 K. R. MlDLlNG 2,541,597 ...

    Grant US2541597A Midling Kenneth R Plomb Tool Company

    Priority 1947-12-22 • Filed 1947-12-22 Granted 1951-02-13
    13, 1951 ELECTROPLATING RACK Kenneth R. Midling, Long Beach, Calif., assignor to Plomb Tool Company, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of ... physlf cal nature as open end and box end Wrenches. screw driver Shanks, and the like, that .is to Say. tools having a shank .or bar-like handle part, or a ...

    Open-end ratchet wrenches of the spanner type Oct. 22, 1957 R. w ...

    Grant US2810313A Raymond W Hermanson Plomb Tool Company

    Priority 1954-06-18 • Filed 1954-06-18 Granted 1957-10-22
    2,810,313 Patented Oct. 22, '1957 OPEN-END RATCHET WRENCHES OF THE SPANNER TYPE Raymond W. Hermanson, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor, by mesne assignments, to The Plomb Tool Company,. Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation Application June 18, 1954, Serial No. 437,625. 2 Claims .

    Magnetic control means for predetermined torque release wrench May 7, 1957 ...

    Grant US2791141A Brame Allen J Plomb Tool Company

    Priority 1955-04-28 • Filed 1955-04-28 Granted 1957-05-07

    Brame, Los Angeles, Calif., assignors, by mesne assignments, to The Plomb Tool Company, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation . ... This invention relates to a tool .for applying torque of predeterminedmagnitude toscrew-threaded devices suclras screws, bolts and nuts and is directed specically to thev ...

    Adjustable toggle pliers Aug. 8, 1950 B.'PEPPERDINE 2,518,173 ...

    Grant US2518173A Ben Pepperdine Plomb Tool Company

    Priority 1945-05-25 • Filed 1945-05-25 Granted 1950-08-08

    8, 1950 IED S TAT ES PAT EN T OFFICE ADJUSTABLE TOGGLE FIJIERS Ben Pei l erdine, Los Angeles, Qalifl, .assigncr to The :Plomb Tool Gompany, Los Angeles, Calif a corporation or ... It is the general purpose oftoggle pliers to supplement the leverage which can be applied to the jaws of the tool.

     

    Below are patents.google.com results for Pendleton Tool:

    Display stand for mechanic s hand tools United States Patent 0 cc Des ...

    Grant USD189946S Robert L. Daugherty

    Priority • Filed 1960-03-07 Granted 1961-03-21
    21, 1961 DISPLAY STAND FOR MECHANICS HAND TOOLS Robert L. Daugherty, Oswego, Oreg., assignor t0 Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a cor poratiou of California Filed Mar. 7, 1960, Ser. No. 59,654. Term of patent 14 years (Cl. D809) U W 1 i 4 Des. 189,946. PAGE 2 Fig.

    Display stand for mechanic s hand tools United States Patent 0 Des. 185,381 ...

    Grant USD185381S Robert H. Mowrey Pendleton Tool Indus

    Priority • Filed 1958-02-14 Granted 1959-06-02

    Display stand for mechanic s hand tools. United States Patent 0 Des. 185,381 Patented June 2, 195-9 DISPLAY STAND FOR MECHANICS HAND TOOLS Robert H. Mowrey, Jr., Portland, and Charles L. West,. Milwaukie, 0reg., assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles,-Calif., ...

    Case for an electric meter United States Patent 0 Des. 206,004 Patented Oct ...

    Grant USD206004S David E. Workman

    Priority • Filed 1965-09-14 Granted 1966-10-18
    Case for an electric meter. United States Patent 0 Des. 206,004 Patented Oct. 18, 1966 "ice CASE FOR AN ELECTRIC METER George D. Perkins and David E. Workman, both of Pasadena, Calif assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries,. Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept .

    Spanner wrench United States Patent 0 "i "(a-194,401 Patented Jan. 15, 1963 ...

    Grant USD194407S Herbert L. Fish Fendleton Tool Industries

    Priority • Filed Granted 1963-01-15
    15, 1963 SPANNER WRENCH Herbert L. Fish, Falls Church, Va., assignor to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Aug. 14, 1962, Ser. No. 71,289. Term of patent 14 years (Cl. D54--16) FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a spanner wrench show- References ...

    Holder for tools April 20, 1965' s. 1.. DE'CACCIA HOLDER FOR TOOLS 2 ...

    Grant US3179255A Caccia Godfrey L De Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1962-06-18 • Filed 1962-06-18 Granted 1965-04-20

    Filed June 18, 1962 United Stairs Patent "ice 3,179,255 HQLDER FQR Tflfiiid Godfrey IL. de Carola, Long Beach, Qalii, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool industries, inc, Los Angeles, ( Ialifl, a corporation of Delaware Filed June 18, 1962, Ser. No. 203,34h 9 Claims. (Cl. 211-60) This ...

    Case for an electric meter Des. 206,158 Patented Nov. 8, 1966 Uniterd States ...

    Grant USD206158S David E. Workman

    Priority • Filed 1965-09-14 Granted 1966-11-08

    Case for an electric meter. Des. 206,158 Patented Nov. 8, 1966 Uniterd States Patent Ofifice CASE FOR AN ELECTRIC METER D. Perkins and David E. Workman, b0. George th of Pasadena, Califi, assiguors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept.

    Combined stackable container and cover therefor 1 M 9 l 24 2 m DS d United ...

    Grant USD221914S George D. Perkins

    Priority • Filed 1968-12-16 Granted 1971-09-14
    1 M 9 l 24 2 m DS d United States Patent 0 ICC COMBINED STACKABLE CONTAINER AND COVER THEREFOR George D. Perkins, South Pasadena, and David E. Workman, Pasadena, Calif., and Joseph W. Kneier, Chesterland, Ohio, assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif.

    Combined stackable container and cover therefor United States Patent Oflice ...

    Grant USD218658S George D. Perkins

    Priority • Filed 1968-12-16 Granted 1970-09-08
    COMBINED STNCKABLE CONTAINER AND COVER THEREFOR George D. Perkins, Laguna Beach, and David E. Workman, Pasadena, Calif., and Joseph W. Kneier, Chesterland, Ohio, assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 16, 1968, Ser.

    Housing for a timing light United States Patent 0 "ice Patent: 31321 1 15 ...

    Grant USD207552S David E. Workman

    Priority • Filed 1965-09-14 Granted 1967-05-02

    Housing for a timing light. United States Patent 0 "ice Patent: 31321 1 15 HOUSING FOR A TIMING LIGHT George D. Perkins and David E. Workman, both of Pasadena, Calif., assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Dela- Filed Sept. 14, 1965, Ser. No. 86,987.

    Combined stackable container and cover therefor United States Patent 0 Des ...

    Grant USD221913S George D. Perkins

    Priority • Filed 1970-05-06 Granted 1971-09-14
    14, 1971 COMBINED STACKABLE CONTAINER AND COVER THEREFOR George D. Perkins, South Pasadena, and David E. Workman, Pasadena, Calif., and Joseph W. Kneier, Chesterland, Ohio, assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc.,. Los Angeles, Calif. Original design appplication Dec.

    Bait bucket United States Patent Patented if; 13, 113: Daniel Alan Schwartz ...

    Grant USD235205S Daniel Alan Schwartz

    Priority • Filed 1974-01-02 Granted 1975-05-27

    Daniel Alan Schwartz, Long Beach, Calif., and Pasquale G. Fasulo, West Farmington, Ohio, assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Fullerton, Calif. Filed Jan. 2, 1974, Ser. No. 429,756. Term of patent 14 years Int. Cl. D22-05 US. Cl. D2222 PAGE 3 FIG. 1 is a partially exploded top perspective view ...

    Container for fishing tackle or the like A container for carrying fishing or ...

    Grant US3628843A Donald T Wynne Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1969-11-07 • Filed 1969-11-07 Granted 1971-12-21
    21, 1971 [73] Assignee Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc. ' Los Angeles, Calif. [72] Inventors [54] CONTAINER FOR FISHING TACKLE OR THE LIKE 8 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs. [52] U.S. Cl 312/294, 206/16, 312/272, 312/312 [51] Int. Cl A471! 57/24 [50] Field of Search 206/16, 4; 220/97, 29; 312/306, 308, ...

    Reversible ratchet wrench having linear sliding manually actuated pawls 1966 ...

    Grant US3290969A Bergquist Clifford A Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1964-03-20 • Filed 1964-03-20 Granted 1966-12-13
    United States Patent 3,290,969 REVERSIBLE RATCHET WRENCH HAVING LINEAR SLIDING MANUALLY ACTUATED PAWLS Clifiord A. Bergquist, Monterey Park, and John A. Over, Arcadia, Calift, assignors t0 Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar.

    Ratchet adapter for torque-applying tool P 1964 A. M. MOINNIS v 3,149,707 ...

    Grant US3149707A Andrew M Mcinnis Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1961-06-02 • Filed 1961-06-02 Granted 1964-09-22
    22, 1964 A. M. MOINNIS RATCHET ADAPTER FOR TORQUE APPLYING TOOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 2, 1961 INVENTOR. ... RATCHET ADAPTER FGR TORQUE- APPLYING T6012 Andrew M. Mcl'nnis, West Covina, (Ialih, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc,.

    Terminal-clinching tool Allg 24, 1965 R. D. HARRISON x-:TAL 3,201,969 ...

    Grant US3201969A Roy D Harrison Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1961-01-16 • Filed 1961-01-16 Granted 1965-08-24

    Roy D. Harrison, Inglewood, and Floyd A. Sharp, Downey, Calif., assignors, by mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. ... (Cl. 72-402) This invention relates to a tool for clinching a tip or terminal onto the end of a vbared electrical conductor wire.

    Handle assembly A handle assembly for use on hand-carried receptacles ...

    Grant US3793674A J Kneier Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1972-12-01 • Filed 1972-12-01 Granted 1974-02-26

    United States Patent 1191 Kneier Feb, 26, 1974 HANDLE ASSEMBLY 3,559,779 2/1971 Lautin eta] 190/58 R Inventor: J p w. xneierchesterland 3,451,590 6/1969 Johnson et al 190/57 X ohm Primary Examiner-Donald A. Griffin [73] Assignee: Pendleton Tool industries, Inc., Los Attorney, Agent, or FirmD ...

    Locking mechanism for tool box Aug. 1, 1967 J. E. SWINK ETAL LOCKING ...

    Grant US3333910A Dawes Charles E Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1965-10-18 • Filed 1965-10-18 Granted 1967-08-01

    By CHAELE; E. DAM 5 47'raeA/Ey United States Patent 3,333,910 LOCKING MECHANISM FOR TOOL BOX James E. Swink and Charles E. Dawes, Fort Smith, Ark., assignors to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 18, 1965, Ser. No. 496,794 3 Claims.

    Knockdown work table Jan. Filed June 18, 1962 G. L. DECACCIA ...

    Grant US3229824A Caccia Godfrey L De Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1962-06-18 • Filed 1962-06-18 Granted 1966-01-18

    direct and mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 18, 1962, Ser. No. 203,346 6 Claims. (Cl. 211--182) This invention relates to a unitary structure for facilitating the establishment of production stations and the like in manufacturing ...

    Molded container A container such as a fishing tackle box made of molded ...

    Grant US3747796A J Kneier Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1971-07-12 • Filed 1971-07-12 Granted 1973-07-24

    Ohio; George D. Perkins, Laguna Beach, Calif. [73] Assignee: Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los. Angeles, Calif. 22 Filed: July 12, 1971 211 Appl.No.: 161,699. [52] US. Cl. 220/29, 190/48, 206/16 R, 220/31 S [51] Int. Cl B65d 51/18 [58] Field of Search 220/29, 31 R, 31 S; 206/12,16 R, 16 E; 190/48, 52.

    Predetermined torque release wrench July 14, 1964 w. E. VAN HoosE ...

    Grant US3140623A Hoose William E Van Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1961-08-29 • Filed 1961-08-29 Granted 1964-07-14

    29, 1961 United States Patent() 3,140,623 PREDETERMINED TORQUE RELEASE WRENCH William E. Van Hoose, Bell, Calif., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 29, A1961, Ser. No. 134,772 Claims. (Cl. 81- 52.4).

    Reversible ratchet drive April 7, 1964 c. A. BERGQUIST 3,127,799 ...

    Grant US3127799A Bergquist Clifford A Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1962-05-03 • Filed 1962-05-03 Granted 1964-04-07

    REVERSIBLE RATCHET DRIVE Filed May 3, 1962 l/ i Cuf oeo z gilu/sr a 40 %//////l 112 rae 5y United States Patent C) 3,127,799 REVERSIBLE RATCHET DRIVE Clifiord A. Bergquist, Monterey Park, Califi, assignor to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed  ...

    Two-way torque wrench A predetermined torque release wrench which may ...

    Grant US3577815A Clifford A Bergquist Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1969-04-02 • Filed 1969-04-02 Granted 1971-05-04

    Apr. 2, 1969 May 4, 1971 Pendleton Tool industries, Inc. Los Angeles, Calif. Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee TWO-WAY TORQUE WRENCH 11 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs. U.S. Cl. Int. Cl Field of Search References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,962,918 12/[969 Vanl-loose 3,140,623 7/1964 ...

    Display package P. F. I EPoLD DISPLAY PACKAGE Jan. 17, 1967 Filed Sept ...

    Grant US3298516A Leopold Paul F Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1965-09-21 • Filed 1965-09-21 Granted 1967-01-17

    2l, 1965 United States Patent O 3,298,516 DISPLAY PACKAGE Paul F. Leopold, Highland Parli, Ill., assigner to Pendleton Tool Industries, Ine., Los Angeles, Calif. Filed Sept. 21, 1965, Ser. No. 488,974 7 Claims. (Cl. 206--80) The present invention relates generally to packaging of items in display ...

    Predetermined torque release wrench Dec. 6, 1960 w. E. VAN HoosE ...

    Grant US2962918A Hoose William E Van Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1959-07-06 • Filed 1959-07-06 Granted 1960-12-06

    United States Patent j() PREDETERMINED TORQUE RELEASE WRENCH William E. Van Hoose, Bell, Calif., assignor to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed July 6, 1959, Ser. No. 825,343. 7 Claims. (Cl. 8152.4). This invention deals generally with hand  ...

    Ratcheter Dec. 14, 1965 R. H. MCDONALD RATCHETER Filed June 25, 1963 ...

    Grant US3222943A Mcdonald Russell H Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1963-06-25 • Filed 1963-06-25 Granted 1965-12-14
    3,222,943 RATCHETER Russell H. McDonald, Canoga Park, Califi, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 25, 1963, Ser. No. 290,551 7 Claims. (Cl. 74-157) This invention relates generally to torque transmission ...

    Predetermined torque release wrench Aug. 22, 1961 w. E. VAN HoosE ...

    Grant US2996940A Hoose William E Van Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1959-01-26 • Filed 1959-01-26 Granted 1961-08-22

    ilnited tates 2,995,940 PREDETERMINED TORQUE RELEASE WRENCH William E. Van House, Beli, Calif., assiguor to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Ian. 26, 1959, Ser. No. 789,084 18 Claims. (Cl. 81-52.4). This invention deals generally with ...

    Tie rod spanner Dec. 20, 1966 MULUGAN 3,292,465 TIE ROD SPANNER ...

    Grant US3292465A George E Mulligan Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1964-12-04 • Filed 1964-12-04 Granted 1966-12-20

    20, 1966 MULUGAN 3,292,465. TIE ROD SPANNER Filed Dec. 4, 1964 9 a 650 26: 5. Muu IGAN United States Patent 3,292,465 TIE ROD SPANNER George E. Mulligan, Pico Rivera, Califl, assignor t0 Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calili, a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 4, 1964. Ser.

    Worm locking means for adjustable jaw wrench p 22, 1959 c. w. COSLOW ...

    Grant US2905037A Carl W Coslow Pendleton Tool Ind Inc

    Priority 1957-09-09 • Filed 1957-09-09 Granted 1959-09-22

    CA/QL WC05LOW United States Patent WORM LOCKING MEANS FOR ADJUSTABLE JAW WRENCH Carl W. Coslow, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to Pendleton Tool Industries, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif 21 corporation of California Application September 9, 1957, Serial No. 682,728. 3 Claims.

     

    Plomb WWII Dating and Proto LA Characteristics

    Description: 

    Link to Our Current Study Content.

    On 12/2 we kicked off a study attempting to determine the meaning of the infamous 2 letter codes on Plomb tools.  In just under 2 days, we believe we've solved the mystery.

    First, these appear to only be present on tools made between 1941 (after the start of U.S. involvement in WWII) and the emergance of the Pebble background tools in 1945.  We have not found any tools with the Los Angeles stamp that posess the 2 letter codes.  Rather, all Los Angeles stamped tools have the conventional number-letter code if a code exists.  Virtually all tools stamped with the 2 letter codes end with A through E.  There do exist exceptions, such as this Plomb 4751 1/4" Drive Ratchet posessing an NR code and a few Drive Tool Accessories not yet loaded into this database. 

    Study Update 8/22/2016.  I was contacted by a gentleman with pictures of a wrench branded Plomb - Made In U.S.A. and stamped with code 2B in parenthesis.  We are seeking more examples of a second digit "B" code and consider this wrench possible evidence that the 2 letter system may have started later than December of 1941.

    --- We have broken the code.  If we discount the "NR" code as a whole different meaning (we believe it represents something different because you will see some examples with both a date code and the NR code), an oddball "single X" and oddball "single O" stamp, it appears the second letter in the codes follows a pattern of A, B, C, D, and E stampings.  Note that tools branded WF for the Wright Field contract have been found with multiple single letter codes including G, O, Q, R, and X.  The meaning of these codes is not yet known. 

    Early on we theorized that the letter stamps could represent wartime only produced tools.  Supporting this theory is the fact that most tools are stamped B, C, or D while A and E are less common second letter stamps.  If we assign 1941 to A, 1945 to E, and the B, C, D accordingly, that trend would make sense based on the U.S. involvement periods in WWII.  As of now, we are assuming the first letter of the Letter-Letter codes represent a production month.  There were still the traditional Number-Letter codes before the U.S. involvement in the war in 1941, as well as in 1945, but we have found no examples of 1942, 1943 or 1944 Number-Letter codes.  We have also uploaded examples of 1945 Number-Letter coded tools and it appears 1945 is the final year for date coding of any style until the 1970's.  An interesting and ironic twist to this theory is that if any tools exist with a 2 letter code for 1941, it would be stamped with the code "LA."  We do not currently have any examples of an "LA" date stamp.

    We also took notice of tools stamped "War Finish."  All current examples end with the C code, indicating they were made in 1943 only.  If anyone has a "War Finish" example (NOT WF) with a 2 letter stamp not ending in C, please let us know.

    In addition to the 2-letter codes, we also determined that Plomb transitioned from "Made in U.S.A." to "MFD. U.S.A." in early 1947.  Combine all aforementioned identification with current knowledge and we can now very accurately date tools from the beginning of 1927 up through the Proto changeover in 1950.  Our next focus with regards to Plomb will be dating tools between 1950 and 1976, when the date coding system resumed.

    Proto LA Era - 1950 to 1956

    Combination Wrenches

    For combination wrenches, at least 2 distinct styles were used during this period.  First, the pebble field and information are all stamped on the same side of the shank, where the box offset is facing up, as in this example.  We believe this style to represent only the first 1 or 2 years of production.  Reasoning: 1. This is the same manner in which the immediately prior transition style combination wrenches were stamped.  2. This style appears to be comparatively scarcer than the next style.

    The second style is stamped with only the Pebble field sizes on the shank where the box offset is facing up, and the model number, PROTO Los Angeles, MFD USA is stamped on the opposing shank, as in this example.  We submit that this style was produced for the majority of the Proto LA time period as they appear to be much more prevalant amongst our inventory.

    DOE / DBE Style Wrenches

    All normal offset DBE wrenches were stamped with both the pebble field and brand/model stamp on the same side of the shank, where the larger size box offset is pointing up and on the viewer's left, as in this example.  Deep offset DBE wrenches did not include the pebble field size stamps.

    All DOE wrenches were stamped with both the pebble field and brand/model stamp on the same side of the shank, where the larger opening is on the viewers left, and offset pointed toward the viewer, as in this example.

    Other Tools

    We have found only one style of stamping for Proto LA era sockets.  Some breaker bars and ratchets retained their full pebble field from the Plomb and Transition era for at least the beginning of this timeframe.  Specialty wrenches, such as tappets and other wrenches appear to have never received a "pebble field" stamp and retained all size, model, etc. information on one side of the shank, leaving the opposing side blank.

    Plomb/Proto Advertisements

    Image Description: 

    The Proto "Plyon" eyes up the Proto Rotomart Tool Display.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    The Proto "Puncharoo" hopping into stores everywhere!

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    How many tools does Plomb sell? This advertisement comes from Flying Magazine, the October, 1945 edition.

    Image 3: 

    The A. Plomb Era

    Alphonse Plomb started making tools under the "A. Plomb" name after leaving the Plomb Tool Company

    Image Description: 

    A set of A. Plomb Crowsfoot wrenches

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    Here are two A. Plomb wrenches. One is obviously more modern than the other, but the primitive wrench shows great attention to detail in the chamfered edges of the flared end and the length of the handle.

    Image 2: 
    Image 3 Description: 

    Reverse of A. Plomb wrenches

    Image 3: 

    The Catalogs

    Image Description: 

    This notice "fell out" of the catalog 19R.

    Image: 
    Image 2 Description: 

    This notice is affixed to the 1948 Price list.

    Image 2: 

    Plomb Catalog 10A

    View Reference: