Hand Tool Manufacturers A - B

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A&E Manufacturing Company

From the A&E Website, located here, In 1932, Daniel M. Lang supplied his first customer. He was, at the time an engineer with Snap-on Tools in Milwaukee. Mr. Lang started producing thickness feeler gauges in his basement workshop in Racine, Wisconsin. Snap-on Tools, then a young company, was the first customer for the new A & E Manufacturing Company. Today, some 80 years later, A & E Incorporated is the holding company for A & E Tools, Eckmann Custom Products, and Cabat, Inc. Throughout the years A & E Incorporated has made several acquisitions that have helped the company grow through both market and product expansion. A & E, now in its Fourth generation of the Lang Family continues to grow and expand in Racine, Wisconsin. From its humble beginnings at the height of the depression, the company has built a business foundation that will live on to future generations. It continues serving its many loyal customers in a variety of business markets and provides jobs for hundreds in the community.

Here is a link to the Lang Tools website: http://www.langtools.com/about-us/

A & E Manufacturing (Racine, WI) - Contract Production for:

  • Armstrong (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Craftsman (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Klein (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Snap-On (Ratcheting DBE)
  • OTC (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Williams (Ratcheting DBE)

   Sub-Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks (Links go to Trademark Document)

  • A & E (Hand Tools-Namely, Wrenches and Socket Wrenches​)

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  • Star (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Hoffman (Ratcheting DBE)
  • Eckmann
  • Expert (Wrenches)

  • Americraft (Hand Tools-Namely, Wrenches and Socket Wrenches​)

  • Offset (Offset Ratcheting DBE)

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Daniel Lang's Obituary

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A & E Manufacturing Tools

This section will present examples of A&E tools.

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This is a model RB-2022 5/8 - 11/16 ratcheting wrench.

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Adjustable Wrench & Specialty Manufacturing Company

Adjustable Wrench & Specialty Manufacturing Company (Oshkosh, WI) - Incorporated in IL on May 3, 1904 by P. M. Knippenberg, F. W. Hahn and L. J. Husson.  They produced wrenches based on a patent from 5/12/1903.  Mr. Knippengerg is also President of the Knippenberg Manufacturing Company of Oshkosh, which predominately produces products against the patents of Mssrs. Knippenberg and Husson.  On 3/4/1904 the company purchased an old bicycle factory in Harvard, IL for the production of their wrenches.  On 5/3/1904 they are listed as a new corporation in Illinois.  On 8/30/1926 the disollution of the company is announced.

Patent #728,007 by William H. Preston - Wrench - Assigned to Knippenberg

Mr. Knippenberg, as President of Union Food Stores, and along with 8 other officers / board members, was sent to jail for 2 years over mail fraud in 1924.

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Adjustable Wrench Co. Announcement.

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Agner, Raymond C. Company

Racine, WI - Incorporated February 8 of 1911 to manufacture the inventions of R. C. Agner, such as the Simplex adjustable spark plug wrench and Simplex grease / oil gun.  Officers at founding are Edward Brook - Pres., Hugh Agner - Sec., George Weiir - Treas., and R. C. Agner - GM.  We did not find a patent for the wrench between 1910 and 1914.  The grease / oil gun was patented in 1909 and plans to build a factory were announced at that time.  Articles of dissolusion were filed 9/18/1920, likely changed their name to the Agner Simplex Company.  Agner Simplex survived (run by Hugh Agner) until at least the 1980's.  It is currently listed in Wisconsin's business registry as dissolved.

1913 article explaining the Simplex Wrench.

Agner grease cup ca. 1913.

  • Simplex (Adjustable Spark Plug Wrench)
  • Agner (Wrenches)

Raymond Agner Patents

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2/8/1911 Notice

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3/3/1960 obituary for R. C. Agner

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Aitchison Manufacturing Company

Aitchison Manufacturing Company (Albert Lea, MN) -

Trade Names, Brands & Trademarks:

  • LESOTA - Block Text (Pliers, Screwdrivers, Wrecking Bars, Hammers, etc.) (First Use 7/1/1935)

 

Akron Tool Company

Akron Tool Company (Akron, OH) - Formed after acquiring The Sterling Wrench Company assets and patents - 9/18/1889 - Please use the link to learn the history of the Sterling Wrench Company.

Directors and Officers elected 2/2/1890: Directors: Geo. W. Crouse, H. M. Hauser, F. Schumacher, F. M. Atterholt.  Officers: Hiram Kendall - Pres., F. M. Atterholt - VP, H. M. Hauser - Sec., Chas. A. Bower - Treas., and W. E. Taft - GM.

2/17/1890 - Taft resigns as GM, Bower takes over GM position.

12/1890 - Manufacturing Wheel and Charging Barrows for Grant McNeil.  8/1892 Mr. McNeil passed away, Akron Tool Co. purchased the rights to the charging barrow and the wheel barrow rights went to the J. C. McNeil Co.

- Also manufacturer of the Krause Cultivator (10/9/1889 article).

- 6/24/1927 - Reincorporated as the Akron Twist Drill Company.

DATAMP Patent #362,908 by Walter E. Taft - Wrench - Assigned to Walter E. Taft & Co. of Providence, RI, and DATAMP reporst manufactured by Akron Tool Co. and Chas. E. Bowen Co. 

Akron Wrench Company

Akron Wrench Company (Akron, OH) - Formed to manufacture J. R. Long patented wrench(s).  Note that this article also documents the production of the John R. Long patented universal double and single swivel vises by Pittsburgh Automatic Vise Co.  Incorporated 8/10/1906 by John R. Long, Walter R. Talbot, William A. Bynder, Oliver A. Sorrick, and Webb William Webb.  Note that just 2 months later the company appears to be being referred to as The J. R. Long Wrench Company.  The announcement was "forecasting" the pending formation of the company.  In the 8/20/1909 edition of The Akron Beacon Journal we find a For Sale advertisement for the equipment of the shop of the former J. R. Long Wrench Company.

The J. R. Long Wrench Co. appears in the 1907 Akron city directory.  Location is reported as East Akron and J. R. Long is Pres., G. C. Himmelman is VP, B. P. Wise is Sec., and M. Hoff is Treas.

Allan-Diffenbaugh Wrench & Tool Works

(Baraboo, WI) - Formed by Allen C. Allan and William A. Diffenbaugh, possibly succeeding A. C. Allan & Co.  Articles of incorporation filed 5/6/1920.  Incorporators are Allen C. Allan, Louis M. Allan, and Adolph Andro.  The company initially set up in the Elkington Building in Baraboo. In 1922, the company offered inducements to the town of Appleton, WI in an attempt to relocate their factory.  The success or failure of this effort is unknown.  On October 1, 1922, Lorenz Maisel took over as GM of the company.  He had previously been with the Madison Tool & Stamping Works.  By 1927, they appear to be in bankruptcy.

DATAMP patents for Allen C. Allan

Here is an article from International Steam Engineer from 1921 which includes a picture of the inside of the plant. 

Article from the September 1920 edition of Railway Locomotives & Cars describing the Automatic Wrench. 

Article from October 1920 edition of Commercial America, one of the first for the Kant-Slip Plier / Wrench.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Kant-Slip (Wrenches) (1920-1923)

Allen Manufacturing

From Wikipedia: The history of the Allen Manufacturing Company and the rise of the world famous "Allen Wrench". In 1910, William G. Allen patented a cold drawing process for making hex socket set screws, pictured in the advertisement . These safety screws avoided the typical square head protrusion that was common of fasteners at that time. With this new design, a worker's clothing was much less likely to get caught on machinery and cause an accident. The revolutionary "ALLEN SAFETY SET SCREW" demanded a quality tool for turning the fastener. Hence, the Allen hex wrench was born in Hartford, Connecticut, USA. There have been many improvements to the tool over the years, resulting in the assortment of product you find in this store. The Apex Tool Group continues to manufacture William Allen's wrench in our facilities around the world, including Dallas, Texas, USA and Shanghai, China. The Allen(R) brand and products are owned and manufactured by us, Apex Tool Group, LLC, headquartered in Sparks, Maryland, USA.

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Allen Wrench & Tool

Incorporated in 1913 by F. R. Allen, W. E Davis, and W. H Thornley, we do find earlier references.  This 1910 factory inspection register lists Allen Wrench & Tool in Providence, RI. 

Allen Wrench and Tool's beginnings seem to be born out of their patent #1,000,878 for the Allen Friction Wrench, a gearless ratchet design.  The patent by F. R. Allen was filed on 12/20/1910 and awarded 8/15/1911.  Shortly thereafter on 6/18/1914, Allen filed his second patent for the Allen "Universal" ratchet, patent #1,261,092.  The ratchet features a clever "gimbal" type head allowing the drive to engage at offset angles.  We have an example that can be found here.

Mr. Allen did not simply invent tools, we have found other inventions accredited to him including a Stamp Affixing Machine, a Floor Surfacing Machine, a Clutch Mechanism, and various improvements to components of the aforementioned machines.

Besides their Universal and Friction products, Allen also offered the Allen Eureka socket set which included 5 small sockets and a ratchet.  An example can be seen here.

Allen Wrench & Tool was assigned it's final patent #1,480,355 for a Holder for Tools on 1/8/1924.  No further information on the disposition of the company has yet been found.

Allen Wrench & Tool Co. (Providence, RI) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Allen Eureka (Socket Wrenches, Ratchet) (1916-1922)
  • Allen Friction (Socket Wrenches, Ratchet) (1913-1922)
  • Allen Universal (Ratchet Wrenches & Wrench Sets) (1915-1922)

Allen Wrench & Tool Co. Patents

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American Plierench Corporation

The American Plierench Corporation was incorporated in 1932 at 4809 North Ashland avenue in Chicago.  The incorporation notice notes that they are to manufacture machinery.  Their first patent for the famous Plierench was filed 12/31/1927 and awarded June 14, 1932 with patent number 1862817.  Prior to this time, this tool was marketed as the Eifel-Flash Plierench and sold by the Flash Sales Corp.  The Union Labor Directory of 1922 contains a nice 1/2 page ad explaining the Eifel-Flash Plierench.  These pliers, often sold as "kits" with interchangeable jaws, were marketed up to at least 1966.

We were able to dig up information indicating that Joseph Eifel, the inventor of the Plierench was wounded and labeled missing in action in France during WWI in 1918.  At that time he was 27 years of age.  Prior to the war, Eifel was a moulder at the Bass Foundry & Machine Co. of Fort Wayne.

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American Saw Company

American Saw Company (Trenton, NJ) - Research continues on this company.  We find companies by this name as early as 1866 in New York, and through the late 1800s in Chicago, New York, New Jersey, and Ohio.

DATAMP Patents related to American Saw.

Anderson Wrench Company

(Portland, CT) - The March, 1910 edition of Iron Age reports that the business of the Anderson Coupling Company will split.  The "coupling" business was purchased by interested parties in Hartford, while the plier and wrench business will reorganize as the Anderson Wrench Company.  Incorporation paperwork was filed 3/15/1910.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Turn-More (Adjustables) (1907-1921) By Simplex Mfg. Co. (New York, NY)

----- As reported in The Metal Worker, Volume 73, this company Incorporated on April 30, 1910.  This company took over the wrench and plier product of the Anderson Coupling Co.  Anderson Coupling Co. also manufactured curb and corporation cocks, couplings and valves, who's production was taken over by the Pratt & Cady Co.  We find records for The Anderson Coupling Co. back to 1899.  The final mention we can find for The Anderson Wrench Co. is in 1922.  In November of 1921, Iron Age Magazine reports the dissolution of the company.

John Anderson Patent #834,242 - Wrench - Assigned to Anderson Coupling Co.

DATAMP reports this wrench was produced by Anderson Coupling Co., Simplex Mfg. Co., and Anderson Wrench Co.

Ariz Wrench Company

Ariz Wrench Company (Prescott or Jerome?, AZ) - Incorporated 7/13/1903 by E. D. & W. Treadwell, and C. E. Nathhorst. 

Lafayette W. Johnson Patent #717,579 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Chas. E. Nathhorst and Chas. W. Woods.

Armstrong Brothers Tool

In 1890, four sons of a Scottish immigrant blacksmith launch Armstrong Bros. Tool Company in Chicago. In the beginning, the company manufactures and distributes bicycle parts. Follow this link to view the Historical Timeline of Armstrong Brothers Tool

Armstrong Brothers Tool Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Armaloy (Used for almost everything Armstrong Made)

Armstrong Brothers Patents

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Armstrong Tools

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A 1930's to 1940's vintage 3/8 ratchet polished to a high finish.

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Armstrong Ratchets

This page is automatically populated by the selection of the Tool Brand or Tool Manufacturer on the Ratchet Upload Form.

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Armstrong Sockets

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Armstrong Wrenches

Armstrong Manufacturing Company

Bridgeport, Connecticut.  Listed in the 1922 Engineering  Directory  under Vises - Combination Bench & Pipe, Vises - Pipe, Yoke, Hinged and Solid (Chain Vises).

This article from The History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, CT., published in 1886, writes the company is located on Knowlton St. in East Bridgeport and were incorporated in March of 1886.  F. (Frank) Armstrong is listed as President; John Ewing Sec./Treas. 

Here are Frank Armstrong's Patents on DATAMP.

Here is a Google Patent Search for Frank Armstrong's Patents (some results may not apply but I sorted it such that the first 1-5 pages should be correct. Ensure the patent says he is from Bridgeport, CT.  If not, it's the incorrect Frank Armstrong)

Prior to that time, the company operated as F. Armstrong which had operated at the same location for approximately 3 years.  Prior to that, it had been in operation as Armstrong and House for 13 years.  "House" refers to Mr. H. A. House.  This information tells us the company was in existence since at least 1870.

Here is a link to H. A. House Patents.

In 1873, Armstrong & House is listing as selling Knitting Machines. 

There is a very interesting article in the 9/22/1963 edition of the Hartford Courant (may require subscription to newspapers.com) in which 20 bicycles and an old car from the early 1880's were discovered in the back of the Capewell Manufacturing Co.  The items discovered were purportedly all produced by the Armstrong Mfg. Co.  The article also notes that Capewell acquired Armstrong in 1950.

Trade Names, Brands & Trademarks

  • Vistand - Block Letters (Mechanics' Work Stands & Benches, including for Vises) (First Use 7/6/1936)
  • ARMSTRONG - Block Letters (Pipe Vises, Stocks & Dies for Pipe Threading) (First Use 1/1/1875 by this company and that of its predecessor, Frank Armstrong)
  • "KALORIZED" - Block Text (Solid and Segmented Dies for Threading) (First Use June, 1929)

Arrow Tool

The New York Times of 11/13/1919 carries the notice of incorporation for Arrow Tool Company.  Incorporators noted are: R. J. Mackenzie, K. B. Macdonald, and J. E. MacArthur.  By the end of 1920 they operated out of Buffalo NY and appeared to focus solely on adjustable wrenches although, they may have produced other tools.

There also existed an Arrow Tool Company in Bridgeport, CT, and Chicago, IL during the same period.

Art Metal Works

(Newark, NJ) - Leased the Birkenhauer & Bauman "Old Fashioned" brewery building at S. Orange Ave. and Morris Ave. in Newark in January of 1919.  The article states they come from Aronson Square.  Louis V. Aronson - Pres (1935).  Mr. Aronson's obituary (11/3/1940) states he passed at 71 years old and founded the company when he was 16.  Based on this information, the company was founded in 1885. However, many other sources note the founding of the company in the mid 1890's.  They made 50M buttons and other docorations for WWI uniforms.  Inventor of the Ronson lighter, time fuse for air dropped bombs, and many other innovations.  Alexander Harris took over as president after Aronson's passing.  Here's an excellent article on the history of the company.  This article from October, 1949 calls the company "Ronson Art Metal Works."  It also states that they sell some lighters for $5,000, in 1949.  Still in business as Ronson, making lighters.

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Ronson (Wrenches)

Art Metal Works Patents

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Ashland Wrench Company

Ashland Wrench Company (Ashland, OH) - Incorporated 9/18/1911 by Sam Miller and others.  The September 28, 1911 edition of Iron Age announces the company, and adds John Garbrill to the organizer list.  It also states the new wrench is currently made by W. E. Golden of Fremont, OH.  Other publications add J. W. Roth, David L. Mohn, and J. Gordon Fluke to the founders. 

William E. Golden Patent #967,899 - Wrench

Atco Wrench Company

(Bloomington, IL) - Took over the Imperial Tool Company on 3/1/1921.  In 1922 (last mention found) William Rouch is listed as President.  Imperial Tool Company is found as early as 1905 in newspapers. 

November, 1915 advertisement from Motor Cycle Illustrated - "Imperial Angle Wrench"

Ransom Y. Bovee Patent #1,205,149 - Wrench - Assigned to Imperial Tool Co. 11/21/1916 (See example image below) "Any Angle" Wrench

Ransom Y. Bovee Patents from Google (many wrenches) 

The 11/21/1912 edition of the New York Times announces the incorporation of the Universal Wrench Company in Newark, N.J.  The incorporators are listed as Russell D. Clancy, Ransom Y. Bovee and Alva A Brown.  We also find Mr. Bovee (among others) named in a lawsuit in 1920 where Universal Wrench Company is named as a Colorado Corporation.

Ransom Y. Bovee Patent #1,002,215 - Wrench - 9/5/1911 - Assigned to Universal Wrench Company of Denver, CO. 

Ransom Y. Bovee Patent #1,133,530 - Wrench - 3/30/1915 - (Not In DATAMP)

Ransom Y. Bovee Patent #1,201,015 - Wrench - 10/10/1916 - (Not In DATAMP)

Ransom Y. Bovee Patent #1,240,171 - Wrench - 9/18/1917 - (Not In DATAMP) 

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Courtesy of Wrenching News, York Auction 2017.  ANY ANGLE WRENCH - PATENT 1916 - LIMA., O. USA / DROP FORGED STEEL - - 8.5" Crescent type adjustable wrench with an adjustable angle head. Mfg. by Atco Wrench Co. and patented by Ramson Bovee 11-21-1916.

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Atha Tool Company

This is the information the Davistown Museum has on their website:

Tool Types Blacksmithing tools, hammers, railroad tools, stoneworking tools, especially noted for farrier tools and mining tools DATM Information There is some contradiction concerning the ontogeny of this particular company--contention exists concerning whether or not it was formerly Newark Steel Works. Benjamin Atha, who was part of the Newark Steel Works, incorporated the company in 1891. It may have been established as early as 1875. They bought out Emmett Hammer Co. in 1884, Hartford Hammer Co. in 1892, Eyeless Tool Co. in 1897, Clark Edge Tool Works in 1897, Buffalo Hammer Co. in 1898, and Yerkes Tool Co. in 1898. Finally, in 1913, Stanley Rule & Level Co. in 1913 bought them out. Identifying Marks ATHA TOOL CO.; ATHA TOOL CO. (in a horseshoe figure with an A in the center), A.T.CO. General Information Stanley Rule & Level Co. retained the classic "horseshoe" logo after incorporating Atha Tool Co. on some of their products. Photographs References Nelson, Robert E., Ed. (1999). Directory of American Toolmakers: A listing of identified makers of tools who worked in Canada and the United States before 1900. Early American Industries Association.

ToolArchives Research

The biography of Benjamin Atha can be found on Archive.org, in the text of Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizen's and State Guide, Volume 2, ca. 1920.

BENJAMIN ATHA Newark, (750 High St.) Banker. Born
Liberty, N. Y., January 5, 1844 ; son of Andrew Atha and Henrietta (Armitage) Atha married at Newark, May 15, 1867, to Sarah A. Guruey, daughter of Henry G. Guerney, of England.

Children: Henry G., Herbert B., Albert H., Charles G., and Louis M.

Benjamin Atha's fore-bears came from England to this country in 1842. His father, Andrew Atha, was of the firm of Prentice Atha & Co., organized in 1864. The firm established itself at Newark, and afterwards moved to Harrison, and quickly grew into prominence among the industries of the country. The plant was extended for a constantly increasing business that made its product known in the markets of the world. Andrew Atha, during Civil War times, devoted a considerable part of his
fortune to the comfort of the soldiers serving in the field of the Union ranks ; and he gave rent free to the families of all tenants whose sons or husbands or other wage earners had enlisted.

Benjamin Atha was educated in private schools and assisted in the conduct of his father's steel business. In 1871 the firm name was changed to Benjamin Atha & Company and so remained until 1898. Then John Illingworth was taken into the business, and it was reorganized as the Benjamin Atha & Illingworth Company. In 1900 the company was absorbed by the Crucible Steel Company, and the works at Harrison constitute one of the most important establishments of that great producing corporation.

Andrew Atha was one of the original in corpora tors of the Essex County Bank. When he died in 1875, Benjamin Atha was chosen to succeed him in the bank's Board of Directors. In October of 1906. he was elected President of the bank, and continued in that relation till the opening of July, 1910. when he asked to be relieved. The Board of Directors, granting the request of course, conferred the title of Honorary Vice President upon him.

Mr. Atha is a member of the Union League Club, New York, the Essex Club, Newark, the Essex County Country Club, and the Baltusrol Golf Club.

An article in the 2/2/1877 edition of The Philadelphia Inquirer notes the acquisition of Voose, Dinsmore & Co. by Benjamin Atha.

An article from The Times (Philadelphia) on 9/5/1879 presents a review of a meeting of the Merchant Steel Manufacturers.  Benjamin Atha, of Benjamin Atha & Co. of Newark is listed as an attendee.

This article from the 11/28/1881 edition of The New York Times notes that Atha is head of the Newark Steel Works Co. and Atha & Hughes (enameled cloth manufacturers).

The 1/19/1884 edition of The New York Tribune reports on a fire that destroyed the "hammer shop connected to the steel works of the Benjamin Atha & Co. in Chapel St., Newark."

The 5/1/1888 edition of The Sun (New York) announces the dissolution of the Benjamin Atha & Co. due to a disagreement between Mr. Atha and his partner Mr. John Illingsworth.  This disagreement appears to come out of a dispute over a patent for casting steel ingots.

The 5/10/1888 edition of The Sun (NY, NY) announces the organization and incorporation of Benjamin Atha & Co. by Benjamin Atha.  Partners include John H. and Robert F. Ballantine (Brewers), William Clark (thread manufacturer), and George H. Hughes who is a partner in Atha's enameled cloth business.  It also notes that The Atha Tool Co. was established on 5/9/1888 in conjunction.  The article further notes that Mr. Atha bought out Mr. Illingsworth but that Mr. Illingsworth intends to form his own company of equal size.

On 7/7/1892, The Pittsburgh Dispatch reports that the Benjamin Atha & Co. and the John Illingsworth & Co. have consolidated forming the Benjamin Atha & Illingsworth Co.  John Illingsworth is President.

On 4/28/1899, Mr. Illingsworth retired and sold his interest in the company to Mr. Atha.

Most sources say that the Atha Tool Co. was purchased by Stanley Rule & Level in 1913 but we have thus far been unable to verify via contemporary means.

The obituary of Henry G. Atha notes that the Atha Steel Works and Tool Company (run by Henry G.) were sold to Crucible Steel Company at some point prior to 1943.

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Atha Logo

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Atlas Pipe Wrench Company

Atlas Pipe Wrench Company (San Francisco, CA) - Incorporated 5/27/1899 by Richard O'Connor, Joseph M. O'Brien, Thomas J. Wattson, Hugh Keenan, and Thomas E. Ryan. (Note the incorporators mostly match those of The Hercules Pipe Wrench Co.)  7/1/1900 newspaper article on the Atlas Pipe Wrench.  Another article for the same exhibition of the wrenches notes that their Works are in New Haven, CT. 

Article explaining the wrench from The Metal Worker of August 4, 1900.

Trade Names, Brands and Trademarks

  • Atlas (Pipe Wrenches) (First Use 5/29/1899)

Augusta Wrench Company

Augusta Wrench Company (Augusta, ME) - 9/1/1886 - report states they manufacture the patents of "The Spaulding Bros. of Belgrade."  Report also states the Spaulding Bros. make all the wooden wrench handles for the Augusta Wrench Co.  

Article on the Augusta Wrench from Building Age, October, 1887.

Patent #357,869 by Albion K. and Alpheus M. Spaulding - Nut Wrench

- 10/21/1886 article "seems" to indicate forgings are produced by Field & Cranshaw.  Unverified.

- Final mention in newspapers is April, 1887.

Auto Kit / Auto-Kit

Two styles of Auto Kit/Auto-Kit tools are shown.
There is a world of difference between the Auto Kit tool and the Auto-Kit tool. Are these different manufacturers?

If anyone has information on this manufacturer or manufacturers, please post the details.

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Auto Kit Double Open End wrench.

The DOE wrench is very high quality and a capable tool. The finish is unplated steel. This wrench is scarce compared to the second example.

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Auto-Kit Combo Wrench.

The Auto-Kit combo wrench is much lighter and was certainly intended for occasional use. This wrench has a chrome finish, and the flashing is still visible. These wrenches were sold in sets that were held together by a bolt and nut that went through the center hole.

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Automatic Wrench Manufacturing Co.

Automatic Wrench Manufacturing Co. (Boston, MA) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

------Founded (or incorporated) last week of February, 1915 by Thomas A Barnard, Edward A. Barnard, and Mildred E. Grover

Azadian Gauge Mfg. Co.

Azadian Gauge Mfg. Co. (Syracuse, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Auto King (Wrenches) (1913-1917)

----- We have not been able to find the formation date of this company.  However, this bibliography, published in 1906, provides a biography of it's founder Harutun B. Azadian.  In 1916, The Heating & Ventilating Magazine reports the company was merged into Syracuse Faucet & Valve Co.  At some point before 1920, the aforementioned companies were purchased by the Pierce Mfg. Corp.

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B-L Wrench Company

B-L Wrench Company (Boston, MA) ​- We believe the "B-L" stands for Baston - Leavitt.  Organized ca. 1903.  An article appearing in a 1904 edition of Domestic Engineering and the Journal of Mechanical Contracting ​announces the formation of the E. K. Baston Co. to take over the business of the B-L Wrench Company.

The B-L wrench is based on Patent #765,583 by Claude F. Leavitt, and assigned to Ephraim K. Baston on 7/19/1904.

Advertisement from The Plumbers Trade Journal - January 1, 1908.

Article from 1903 explaining the B L Wrench.

 

Backus, Quimby S.

Here is a detailed biography from oldtoolheaven.com on Mr. Backus.  However, I do find some conflicting information in my research and continue to gather details.  For example, the biography states Mr. Backus was in Holyoke, MA in 1876.  Contradicting that are scores of newspaper advertisements for his bit brace and Thayer's Patent Combination tool locating Mr. Backus in Winchendon, MA.

Quimby S. Backus Patents from DATAMP

John Adams Thayer Patent 35,715 - Combination Tool (advertisements claim Backus was the "sole manufacturer" in 1876)  We also find advertisements by Carpenter & Watkins in Winchendon, MA claiming they manufacture the tool in 1876.

Bahco

Company history from the Bahco Website:

In 1862, Göran Fredrik Göransson founded Högbo Stål and Jernwerks AB in Sweden to produce the highest quality steel, pioneering the Bessemer process.

In 1886 he perfected the production of high performance saw blades whose cutting was worthy of the extraordinary steel they were made from, exceeding the expectations of users across the globe.

In the same year, Johan Petter Johansson established his company, Enköpings Mekaniska Verkstad, also in Sweden. Johansson was a clever and creative craftsman and, by 1888, had secured his first patent for what he called ‘The Iron Hand’ - now known simply as the pipe wrench. Johansson’s idea was to replace fixed spanners with a single tool that, just like a human hand, was capable of gripping different size nuts and bolts.

Johansson’s next patent was for the very first adjustable spanner in 1891. This formed the basis for the adjustable wrench - a Swedish invention found all over the world. We have produced more than 100 million units - thus far…

Johansson amassed no less than 118 patents throughout his life – this dedication to innovative product design still prevails today within the company.

In 1890 Berndt August Hjorth acquired the sales and marketing rights to Enköpings Mekaniska Verkstad’s products. His exceptional entrepreneurial skills helped the company become more than just a Swedish export success and laid the basis for the international enterprise behind Bahco today. He combined global products with local market knowledge and expertise, allowing users everywhere to find the product they needed to do the best possible job.

In 1916 Berndt August Hjorth bought Enköpings Mekaniska Verkstad in its entirety from Johan Petter Johansson, and it became part of BA Hjorth & Co. which contracted its name to create the current Bahco.

Over the years there have been many developments and acquisitions, yet Bahco remains the premium hand tool brand. Today it is the flagship for SNA Europe. In 2011 we celebrate the 125th anniversary of Bahco's famous ‘Fish and Hook’ trademark.

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Barcalo Manufacturing Co.

The Democrat And Chronicle of 4/11/1896 announces the formation of the Barcalo and Boll Manufacturing Company of Buffalo, "to manufacture brass and iron beadsteads.  Capital is noted at $30,000 and Directors are: Edward. J. Barcalo and J. W. Shannon of Buffalo, and C. S. Boll and G. S. Simons of Harrisburg, PA.

On 10 April, 1903, The Buffalo Commercial carries an announcement of a hearing to change the name of the Barcalo and Boll Manufacturing Company to The Barcalo Manufacturing Company.  The petition for the name change was granted on 5/22,1903 and went into effect on June 25th, 1903.

According to Moody's Industrial, Barcalo was founded in 1896 in NY to manufacture beds, bedding and small tools.  In 1929, the company employed 300 and the president was E. J. Barcalo.

In late 1911/early 1912, EJ Barcalo was Treasurer of a new automobile maker Lippard-Stewart Co. of Buffalo.  The article can be found in the February, 1912 edition of American Motorist.

In late 1913 / early 1914, Barcalo Manufacturing upped their investment in the automotive tool business through the purchase of the Charles E. Hall Co.  The notice can be found in the January 1914 edition of Hardware Dealers' Magazine.  An earlier advertisement for a Barcalo pipe wrench can be seen in the Railway Age Gazette from July of 1913.

The Preservation Ready website reports that in 1963, Mr. Barcalo passed away at the age of 93 and the hand tool division of Barcalo Manufacturing was sold to Crescent Niagara.  The sale is reported in this 1963 edition of Industry Week.

Barcalo Manufacturing Co. (Buffalo, NY) - Contract Production for:

  • Montgomery Ward-Eclipse
  • None Better (New Britain) (Wrenches)
  • Powr-Kraft
  • Wards-Lakeside
  • Western Auto Stores
  • Old Forge

Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Barcaloy (1945-1964) (Wrenches and Pliers) (First Use 4/1/1945)

  • BARCALO (First Use on Wrenches, Screwdrivers & Pliers, 1913; First Use on Punches & Chisels, 6/1934; First Use on Ball Peen Hammers, 10/1927; First Use on Creepers, 11/1923)

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • Forged Chrome - Molybdenum
  • Chrome Molybdenum
  • Forged Vanadium
  • Chrome Vanadium Steel
  • Forged - Barcaloy - Steel
  • Forged - Alloy

Barcalo Mfg. Co. Patents

DATAMP Patents for Barcalo Mfg. Co.

Barcalo Wrenches

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Barnes Tool Company

The W. F. & John Barnes Company of Rockford, Illinois was established by the brothers William Fletcher and John Barnes in November 1869, organized as a formal partnership in 1872, and incorporated in 1884. The company operated in Rockford until 1964, when it was bought by Babcock-Wilcox. Between 1869 and 1937, Barnes specialized in the class of machine tool intended for use in the serious workshop - their professional-grade machines are man-sized and robustly constructed, as opposed to the plethora of boy or toy sized machines of the same period. (However, Barnes also had an amateur line of smaller machines.) The Seneca Falls Company was the other major competitor in this class of machine. In about 1890, Barnes started to specialize in drill presses, and this business really took off with the acquisition of the Thomas Farmer friction-plate drill press patent. In 1920, the Barnes company was taken over by John S. Barnes, a son of the founder John, who started veering the company more toward the more lucrative automobile machinery trade, especially assembly line tools. Within seventeen years, by 1937, their production of foot-powered woodworking tools had practically ceased. Today, Barnes is still remembered for their line of high quality foot-powered machinery, although they sold many more drill presses (first line-shaft driven, and later electrically driven) in the years after the foot-powered equipment was dropped. REFERENCE: Summer, 1996 edition of the Early American Industries Association (EAIA) Chronicle. Authors: Bob Horner/Steve Johnson

Excellent reference for Barnes Tool Company Patents

Trade Names, Brands & Trademarks:

The Union Hill website also contains excellent information on the Barnes Company here: http://www.tooltimer.com/barnes.html

Barwick Wrench Company

Barwick Wrench Company (Boston, MA) - ca. 1872 - An advertisement from 1901 notes the "Barwick Wrench" is made by Billings & Spencer.  This advertisement from 1903 notes the same but also contains a picture of the plier/wrench.  Another article on Barwick wrenches from the October, 1872 edition of The Technologist. 

William Henry Barwick Patents:

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Battery Equipment & Supply

Entries in the "Electrical Record" and "Electrical World" publications begin in 1921 referencing products from the Battery Equipment & Supply Company (BESCO). Their company location is listed as 1458 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Ill.

Examples of their products can be found here: 

Bauman, John W. & Son

​John W. Bauman & Son (Sassamansville, PA)​ - Mr. Bauman was much better known for his Apple Butter and Cider making business than for wrenches, but in 1935 he invented a pipe wrench, and produced it himself for a short time.  Mr. Bauman passed away in 1945 and his obituary refers to him as "The Apple Butter Man."

DATAMP Patent

Trademark:

BAUMO (Pipe Wrenches) (First Use 9/14/1935)

 

Bay State

The first record we can locate regarding this company is the patent #666202 applied for in February of 1900. Researching this company has produced some interesting information. The earliest patent for Bay State Tools is #666202 for a ratchet wrench, Applied: Feb. 10, 1900 - Granted: Jan. 15, 1901 and submitted by Mr. Peter Lord. Except for a single example, all subsequent patents were submitted and granted to Frederick Walden, later of the Walden Manufacturing Company. Subsequent to Frederick Walden starting Walden Manufacturing, no further patent activity exists for Bay State.

Bay State Tool Company Patents

It is interesting to note that most patents registered with products produced by Bay State Tools were submitted by F.E. Walden.

Patent #841,831 for a ratcheting wrench, applied for on Feb. 21, 1906 and granted January 22, 1907 is listed to have been produced by Bay State Tools as well as the Tudor Manufacturing Company.

By patent #890,111, granted on January 9, 1908, the producing company listing has changed to Walden Manufacturing Company.

The DATAMP Records where Frederick Walden is the Patentee can be found here: http://www.datamp.org/patents/search/xrefPerson.php?id=23874

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Patent #9535 of 1904 - Adjustable Wrench

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Patent 761798 for "Wrench or the like"

Patent can be found here: https://www.google.com/patents/US761798?dq=patent:761798&hl=en&sa=X&ved=...

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Patent #763225 filed on September 4, 1903 and granted June 21, 1904 for "Punch and the like"

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Patent 763227 for another "Wrench or the like" is not known to have been produced.

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Patent #788,716 for "Worm Gearing" co-patentees are FE Walden and Robert Hammond. Filed July 29, 1904 and granted May 2, 1905.

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Patent #823748, applied for Aug. 26, 1905 and granted Jun. 19, 1906 is for a C Clamp

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Patent #835740 was applied for on Mar. 01, 1906 and granted on Nov. 13, 1906. This tool is not known to have been produced.

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Patent #841831 for a ratcheting wrench and applied for Feb. 21, 1906 and granted on Jan. 22, 1907, is the last known patent with the producer identified as Bay State Tools. Tudor Manufacturing Company is also identified as a producer.

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Bear Manufacturing Company

6:40 am

Bear Manufacturing Company - Tools

 

 

6:42 am

Bear Manufacturing Company - Wrenches

 

 

Announcements: 
6:48 am

Belden, R. A. & Co.

​R. A. Belden & Company (New Haven & Danbury, CT)​ - This company was started ca. 1864 by inventor Russel A. Belden, and moved to Danbury in 1871.  Leading Businessmen of Fairfield County, and a Review of the Principal Cities, published in 1887 notes that the company manufactures "the famous Guthrie and Climax wrenches."  Please note that we do find indications of a Guthrie Wrench Manufacturing Company in Danbury in 1885, but nothing more than a seemingly passing note, and only in 1885.

DATAMP Patents for James F. Guthrie

Trade Names, Brands and Trademarks

  • Guthrie
  • Climax

Bemis & Call

On 18 April, 1834, Solymon Merrick was awarded a patent for his monkey wrench, patent No. X8,153.  Shortly thereafter, Lost Springfield, Massachusetts reports the patent was sold to Stephen C. Bemis of Bemis & Call.

We are not sure of the source of these pages but they provide a nice comprehensive history of Bemis & Call.

Bemis & Call Hardware & Tool Co. (Springfield, MA) - Contract Production for:

  • Sears - Fulton

  Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • B & C (Wrenches)
  • Circle B&C (Wrenches) (First Use 12/10/1908)

  • Briggs (Adjustables)
  • Coes (Adjustables)
  • Key-Model (Adjustables)
  • Knife-Handle (Adjustables)
  • Merrick (Adjustables)
  • Star 91 (Adjustables)

Bemis & Call Patents

Benedict Wrench Co.

Benedict Wrench Co. (Chicago, IL)​ - The May 8, 1913 edition of Iton Age reports the incorporation of the company by Charles E. Freund, William G. Freund, and W. B. Hartman. 

Laurance D. Benedict - Patent #1,063,153 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Benedict Wrench Co.

Laurance D. Benedict - Patent #1,143,350 - Pipe Wrench

 

Bergman Tool Manufacturing

There is not much early information at all on this company.  We do know it was located at 1569 Niagara Street, Buffalo NY 14213 in 1908 and prior, before the move to Niagara St..  The picture of the Bergman factory below is from the website Preservation Ready.

We found this article from Domestic Engineering and the Journal of Mechanical Contracting, Volume 47 and dated May, 1909 noting that Bergman has moved from 102 Seneca St. to it's new factory at 1573-75 Niagara St.

Their first patent Jerome E. Bergman Patent #1,378,209) was applied for on May 8, 1919 and granted May 17, 1921.  This is the patent for Bergman's "Queen City" adjustable wrench.

Here is the link to all Bergman patents on DATAMP.

Bergman also produced Tinners Snips and Hand Shears under the brand "Blue Bird."  The trademark document, issued in 1927 for Blue Bird can be found here.  The applications lists the following officers: Caroline E. Bergman, James E. Bergman, and Ray E. Kempner.

We were able to find an article from The Evening Tribune (Hornell, NY) on 4/10/1923 stating that neighbors on Niagara street were complaining about the trip hammer at Bergman.  The complaint was that "It is a nuisance and stops their clocks."

In 1918, Bergman is listed as a manufacturer of boring tools, tool handles (file) and pipe wrenches (Queen City Improved).

In 1935, Bergman is listed as a Wrench and Plier manufacturer.

The EPA reports that the last inspection for environmental compliance was conducted on September 14, 1997 giving us a clue as to their end.  The New York corporation database records the company being merged out on October 2, 2002, possibly by American Tool Companies, Inc. of Chicago.

Bergman Tool Mfg. Co. (Buffalo, NY) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Queen City Improved (Adjustables)

Bergman Tool Mfg. Patents

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Bergman Pliers

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BlueBird battery tools were a division of Bergman Tools, who also made tin snips and other tools. Here is a set I put together piece by piece, and then painted the handles to approximate the original bright blue color. Pliers, pullers, and terminals cleaners of several different designs. For top terminal batteries only. Contributed by Bonneyman.

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Besly, Chas. H. Co.

Chas. H. Besly Co. (Chicago, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Besly (DOE Wrenches)

----- First mention we can find is in the 11/4/1884 edition of The Decatur Herald for a $24 claim.  In the 1/13/1917 edition of The Day Book, a fire reportedly destroyed the Chas. H. Besly & Co. plant.  We cannot find the final disposition of the company but they are advertising for Stenographers in the 4/12/1951 edition of the Chicago Daily Tribune.

C. H. Besly Patents

----- Earliest reference found - 1884; latest reference found - 1951

 

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Bethlehem Spark Plug Company

The first advertisement for the Bethlehem Spark Plug we can locate is from 2/9/1913 in the Houston Post.  It is a full page ad, noting that the plug is "made from cold drawn steel and forged by the famous Bethlehem Steel Co."  At the bottom of the ad stating "Manufactured by The Silvex Company, 60 Wall Street, NY."  However, The Silvex Company began in Chicago, and was then purchased by Charles Schwab and moved to the old Haloyon Electric Light Company factory at West 4th St. in Bethlehem during June of 1912.  They had been in operation in Chicago since the beginning of 1911.  They specifically were set up to manufacture the spark plug and the "glad rag," both inventions of E. H. Schwab (Charles' brother).

In October of 1919, the newspapers report the name change (and massive factory expansion) from The Silvex Company to Bethlehem Spark Plug Company.  E. H. Schwab is Pres. and E. B. Turn is Sec/Treas. 

According to the 3/22/1925 edition of the Pittsburgh Press, Bethlehem Spark Plug Company merged with The Splitdorf Electrical Company of Newark, NJ.  The new company name is the Bethlehem-Splitdorf Electric Company.  The president of the new company will be M. W. Bartlett (from Splitdorf) and E. H. Schwab will serve as Chairman of the Board.  Other board members include Charles Schwab, G. B. Alvord, C. E. Roraback, H. P. Ingels, Joseph Remick and Charles J. Splitdorf.

In June of 1928, they began manufacturing products for Thomas A. Edison, Inc.  Soon thereafter, as reported in the 1929 edition of Moody's, Edison controlled the company.

A January, 1932 article in The Detroit Free Press seems to indicate that the Splitdorf-Bethlehem Electrical Co. is about to file for bankruptcy protection.  However, other sources indicate that the company was split up among multiple Edison companies.

Billings & Spencer

The Roper Sporting Arms Company was established on March 3, 1869 by Charles Billings and Charles Spencer.

On July 23rd, 1872 the State Legislature of Connecticut approved the reformation of the Roper Sporting Arms Company as the Billings and Spencer Company.  The entirety of the record can be found here.

This blurb from the Scientific American in the September 7, 1872 edition clearly identifies the company as Billings & Spencer and references the production rate of 25,000 steel shuttles for sewing machines.

This is a very intriguing article from the May, 1874 edition of "The Manufacturer and Builder" publication explaining the innovations in iron and steel production methods by the Roper Sporting Arms Company.  The article appears to be a follow-up piece from an as yet undiscovered 1872 article.  This article also has many illustrations of the different items produced by the company during that time.

Billings & Spencer began as a partnership of Mssrs. Billings and Spencer, along with 2 investors, purchasing the works and patents of the Roper Repeating Arms Company of Amherst Massachusetts in January of 1869.  As President and Superintendent, the group chose Mr. Billings.  Very soon after, in August of 1869, the company moved it's operations to Hartford, Connecticut.  Mr. Billings realized he had more than enough equipment capacity to keep up with firearms orders and consequently, turned his attention to drop forgings.  The company thrived under his leadership, producing Billings' patented sewing machine shuttle, tools, fixtures and parts for machines.  Before long, the company abandoned the manufacture of firearms altogether and focused on drop forgings.  By 1872, they purchased the entire facility they had previously been renting half of, and in July of 1873, reorganized as the Billings & Spencer Company.  This paragraph of information comes from New England Manufacturers and Manufactories by J. D. Van Slyck, published 1879, specifically the biography of Charles Ethan Billings.

The Connecticut Historical Society also has a brief history of Billings & Spencer on their website.

On 26 September, 1962 the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette announces the acquisition of Billings & Spencer by the Crescent Niagra group. 

Effective 2 January, 1963, Billings & Spencer sold it's drop forging operations to Moore Drop Forge.

Charles E. Billings Biography

The Billings & Spencer Co. (Hartford, CT) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • B & S (Adjustable Wrenches, Pliers)
  • BILLINGS (All Tools) (First Use 4/1/1926)

  • Hayden (Pliers - Slip joint combos)
  • Vitalloy (Wrenches) (First Use 10/5/1937) // For Pliers & Hammers (First Use 3/9/1938)

   Contract Production For:

  • Craftsman - Craftsman Vanadium Steel / Chrome-Vanadium (Wrenches)
  • Mack (Wrenches)
  • Draper (Wrenches)

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • DUO-FORGED
  • Chrome Molybdenum

Billings & Spencer Patents

Billings Ratchets

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Billings Sockets

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Billings Wrenches

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Bindley Automatic Wrench Company

Bindley Automatic Wrench Company (Pittsburgh, PA) - (New York, NY) - Incorporated in NY 1/4/1895 - Incorporators are Josiah Bindley, Frank J. Kimball, and Arthur H. Walton of New York, and Evan Jones and Fred Gamble of Pittsburgh.  Last mentioned in newspapers 12/1899. 

George P. Woelfel - Patent #538,994 - Pipe Wrench - Assigned to Josiah Bindley

 

Blackhawk Manufacturing

For detailed research notes, please see our Blackhawk Research Page.

American Grinder Assigned Patents

Blackhawk Manufacturing (Milwaukee, WI) - Contract Production for:

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Blackhawk (Wrenches, Socket Wrenches, Ratchets, Sockets)

  • Lock-On (WRENCHES AND TWISTING TOOL SETS FOR NUT, STUD, AND BOLT DRIVING​) (First use "on or before" 6/30/1930)

  • Wedgie (Metal Bending and Straightening Tools) (First Use January, 1941)

  • Flex-Head (Heads for Hydraulic Jacks) (First Use 10/28/1936)

  • Adjusto (Wrenches & Wrench Sets) (First Use March, 1933)

  • TORKFLASH - styalized letters/logo (Torque Wrenches) (First Use 11/15/1938)

  • WEDG-HEAD (Open End Wrenches & Wrench Sets) (First Use 1/20/1953)

  • HeXo (Wrenches)
  • Hexite (Wrenches, 7/16" drive sockets) (~1937 - 1955)
  • NUGGET (Plaid pattern) (Wrenches & Twisting Tool Sets) (First Use 2/14/1938)

  • // Nuggies (Wrenches & Twisting Tool Sets) (~1940-1955) (First Use 12/1/1939)

  • Jack Insignia - Usually Forged on the sides of jacks (Automotive Jacks) (First Use 12/24/1936)

All Blackhawk Patents

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The advertisement below is the earliest ad we have found to date presenting the Blackhawk line of tools on behalf of the American Grinder Manufacturing Company. It comes in the June 25, 1919 edition of Motor World. In the July issues of most notable automobilia publications of the day, the Blackhawk line peppers their pages in what appears to be an all out media blitz.

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Less than a year after launching the Blackhawk line, the tools are so popular that the American Grinder Manufacturing Company has to expand. This article describes the expansion from the May, 1920 edition of Hardware World.

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Only a year into their expansion, Walden Worcester brings suit against the American Grinder Manufacturing Company for damages due to trademark infringement claiming "Blackhawk" was harming their trademark "Tomahawk." While this article from Iron Age, August 11, 1921 edition does not elaborate, there appears to have been a judgement favorable to Walden. Damages were not enumerated. It does appear that the Jonas' organization may have had a large hand in the formation of the Blackhawk line. The trademark "Blackhawk, the American Rust-Proof Wrench" (#17785) was filed by both Jonas' and Mr. Bertane.

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In the January 5, 1922 edition of Motor Age, the company appears to have gotten past the trademark issues and brags about the tolerances of their tools. Also notice the Indian in the Blackhawk logo has changed slightly with a "slimmer bunch" of long hair and an extra cheek dimple. Of course, this could simply be the result of a different artist, etc. since these are very minuscule alterations.

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This ad is from the August 22, 1922 edition of Motor Age. Again notice the Indian in the Blackhawk logo has changes slightly with a "slimmer bunch" of long hair and an extra cheek dimple. Of course, this could simply be the result of a different artist, etc. since these are very minuscule alterations.

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At least in terms of "searchable content," Blackhawk seems to have gone silent in the advertising world between the end of 1923 and early 1925. We find very few Blackhawk advertisements / articles between 1923 and early 1925, when they spring back up in fervor. The next two images provide evidence of the name change from the American Grinder Manufacturing Corp. to Blackhawk Manufacturing Company. The first, from Popular Science, July 1925 edition still notes American Grinder. The second, from Popular Science, August 1925 edition notes the name change. From this we can safely say that the name change occurred in late July - early August of 1925

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Blackhawk Hand Tools

Blackhawk Pliers

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Blackhawk Ratchets

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These are two early 49977 1/2" drive ratchets. The bottom one is a female with removable plug and the top is permanent.

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Blackhawk Sockets

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Blackhawk Tool Sets

Blackhawk Wrenches

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Blackhawk Patents

Here are the Blackhawk patents we have located thus far.  Below this list, you will find the patents we have entered into the database, which currently consist of predominately ratchet and torque wrench patents.  Selecting a patent (below this list) will display all tools in the database associated with that patent.

1,574,136 Feb. 23, 1926 H.E. Tautz, F.E. Dion Tool grip wrench handle components

1,685,503 Sep. 25, 1928 E.M. Pfauser Socket Wrench socket wrenches

1,764,690 Jun. 17, 1930 E.M. Pfauser Tool Handle tool handles

1,797,730 Mar. 24, 1931 E.M. Pfauser Socket Attachment for Tools socket wrenches

1,807,134 May 26, 1931 E.M. Pfauser Socket Wrench

1,873,472 Aug. 23, 1932 E.M. Pfauser Socket Wrench socket wrenches

1,881,029 Oct. 04, 1932 E.M. Pfauser Socket Wrench socket wrenches

1,896,645 Feb. 07, 1933 E.M. Pfauser Coupling For Socket Wrenches socket wrenches

1,927,844 Sep. 26, 1933 E.M. Pfauser Socket Wrench wrench handle components

1,936,640 Nov. 28, 1933 E.M. Pfauser Reversible Friction Clutch ratchet wrenches

1,941,565 Jan. 02, 1934 S. Mandl Socket Wrench wrenches

RE19,093 Feb. 27, 1934 E.M. Pfauser Coupling For Socket Wrenches socket wrenches

RE19,287 Aug. 21, 1934 E.M. Pfauser Coupling For Socket Wrenches socket wrenches

1,982,008 Nov. 27, 1934 E.M. Pfauser, S. Mandl Coupling socket wrenches

1,988,601 Jan. 22, 1935 S. Mandl, EM Pfauser Jack

1,995,009 Mar. 19, 1935 S. Mandl, E.M. Pfauser Ratchet Mechanism ratchet wrenches

2,003,155 May 28, 1935 E.M. Pfauser Reversible Friction Clutch ratchet wrenches

2,018,148 Oct. 22, 1935 E.M. Pfauser Safety Control for Mechanical Garage Jacks

D97,562 Nov. 19, 1935 E.M. Pfauser Hydraulic Jack

,037,434 Apr. 14, 1936 E.M. Pfauser Pfauser Pump

D103,894 Mar. 30, 1937 S. Mandl Wrench Stand or the Like wrench set holders

D103,912 Mar. 30, 1937 S. Mandl Wrench Case or the Like wrench set holders

D103,913 Mar. 30, 1937 S. Mandl Wrench Stand or the Like workbenches

D103,914 Mar. 30, 1937 S. Mandl Combined Wrench Stand and Case or the Like workbenches

2,093,284 Sep. 14, 1937 S. Mandl Work Engagement Means for Jacks

2,100,564 Nov. 30, 1937 E.M. Pfauser, S. Mandl Method of Producung a Pulling Stress and Hydraulic Pulling Mechanism

D107,970 Jan. 18, 1938 E.M. Pfauser Work Stand or the Like workbenches

D108,143 Jan. 25, 1938 S. Mandl Design for a Wrench Member wrench sockets

D108,159 Jan. 25, 1938 S. Mandl Wrench or the Like wrench handle components

2,108,866 Feb. 22, 1938 S. Mandl Socket Wrench socket wrenches

D109,498 May 03, 1938 E.M. Pfauser Jack D109,499 May 03, 1938 E.M. Pfauser Jack

2,138,194 Nov. 29, 1938 E.M. Pfauser Hydraulic Pump hydraulic pumps

D113,331 Feb. 14, 1939 E.M. Pfauser V-Base for Metal Straightening Equipment

D115,416 Jun. 27, 1939 S. Mandl Torque Indicating Tool torque wrenches

2,164,621 Jul. 04, 1939 E.M. Pfauser Automobile Jack

2,165,285 Jul. 11, 1939 S. Mandl Spring Perch and Brake Bracket Remover brake adjusting tools

2,165,503 Jul. 11, 1939 E.M. Pfauser Portable Hydraulic Metal Straightening Machine

D116,269 Aug. 22, 1939 S. Mandl Arbor Press

2,183,842 Dec. 19, 1939 S. Mandl Hinge Pin Pusher

2,188,957 Feb. 6, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Packing

2,190,081 Feb. 13, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Coupling wrench components

2,200,133 May 07, 1940 S. Mandl Method of and Means for Straightening Out Deformed Automobile Bodies and the Like

D121,616 Jul. 23, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Illuminable Jack

2,214,257 Sep. 10, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Hydraulic Power Unit

2,218,318 Oct. 15, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Detachable Conduit Coupling

2,218,319 Oct. 15, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Adjustable Extension

2,219,903 Oct. 29, 1940 E.M. Pfauser Jack Illumination

2,225,420 Dec. 17, 1940 S. Mandl Torque Wrench

2,235,643 Mar. 18, 1941 E.M. Pfauser Apparatus for Inserting and Removing Shackle Pins

2,238,968 Apr. 22, 1941 H.P. Brumder Hydraulic Jack

2,242,613 May 20, 1941 S. Mandl Torque Wrench torque wrenches

2,250,551 Jul. 29, 1941 E.M. Pfauser Pump for hydraulic Jacks

2,255,984 Sep. 16, 1941 E.M. Pfauser Hydraulic Pump System hydraulic pumps

2,259,533 Oct. 21, 1941 E.M. Pfauser Spring Spreader spreaders

2,262,969 Nov. 18, 1941 E.H. Schultz Wheel Puller

2,277,256 Mar. 24, 1942 E. Pfauser Hydraulic Apparatus

2,282,148 May 05, 1942 S. Mandl Tool Handle wrench handle components

2,283,382 May 19, 1942 S. Mandl Ratchet Mechanism ratchet wrenches

2,286,880 Jun. 16, 1942 W.A. Traut Hydraulic Control System

2,286,917 Jun. 16, 1942 S. Mandl Ratchet Socket ratchet wrenches

2,296,173 Sep. 15, 1942 S. Mandl Spreading Tool

2,299,492 Oct. 20, 1942 E.M. Pfauser Pump Assembly hydraulic pumps

2,314,589 Mar. 23, 1943 S. Mandl Jack Assemblage

2,348,412 May 09, 1944 E.M. Pfauser Pump Assemblage hand pumps

2,360,385 Oct. 17, 1944 C.A. Anderson Drill drill bits

2,430,100 Nov. 4, 1947 S. Mandl Ram Assemblage

2,459,080 Jan. 11, 1949 W. Killius Mechanic's Work Holding Table Furnished with Adjustable Work-Supporting Arms

2,475,040 Jul. 05, 1949 S. Mandl Ram

2,492,231 Feb. 27, 1949 S. Mandl Portable Sander

2,492,921 Dec. 27, 1949 S. Mandl Portable Power Tool Set

2,499,962 Mar. 07, 1950 S. Mandl Portable Impact

2,499,968 Mar. 07, 1950 E.M. Pfauser Pneumatic-Hydraulic Pressure Converter

2,520,652 Aug. 29, 1950 S. Mandl, E.M. Pfauser Adjustable Tool Handle wrench handle components

2,525,922 Oct. 17, 1950 S. Mandl Rotary-Reciprocating Motion Converter

2,526,406 Oct. 17, 1950 S. Mandl Hydraulic Control Valve Assembly

2,591,939 Oct. 16, 1951 S. Mandl/Pfauser Ratchet Mechanism

2,625,796 Jan. 20, 1953 W.A. Traut Multispeed Hydraulic Power Device

2,687,056 Aug. 24, 1954 W.M. Foor Open-End Wrench Having Wedgy Jaws and a Recessed Concave Bight Wall nut wrenches

2,764,215 Sep. 25, 1956 Omar Adams Wheel Straightening Attachment

D181,071 Sep. 24, 1957 W.L. Vallee, I.V. Stovern Vehicle Jack

2,814,540 Nov. 26, 1957 H.I. Southerwick Piston Packing

2,824,381 Feb. 25, 1958 R.J. Traupmann Pre-Indicator of Pipe Positions and Bends

2,867,087 Jan. 06, 1959 C.E. Holt Hydraulic Valve for Pressure Applying Units

2,867,261 Jan. 06, 1959 R.J. Traupmann Pipe Bender with Bend Indicator Means

2,867,409 Jan. 06, 1959 H.I. Southerwick Service Jack

2,895,712 Jul. 21, 1959 W.L. Vallee, I.V. Stovern Adjustable Load Support

2,909,358 Oct. 20, 1959 H.I. Southerwick Portable Jack Assemblage

2,914,369 Nov. 24, 1959 D. Hayman Fluid Seal

2,935,851 May 10, 1960 N.F. Atherton Hydraulic Pressure Applying Tool

2,955,578 Oct. 11, 1960 A.H. Luedicke, Jr., C.L. Flessate Hydraulic Ram

D189829 Feb. 28, 1961 F. H. Kollmeyer Vehicle Jack

2,975,803 Mar. 21, 1961 Wendell Vallee Pressure release and relief valve

2,979,102 Apr. 11, 1961 J.E. Brussock, H.C. Ferguson Straightening Tool

2,987,046 Jun. 06, 1961 N.F. Atherton Ram Assemblage

D194362 Jan. 08, 1963 R Prince Hydraulic cylinder for agricultural implements or the like

3,132,485 May 12, 1964 J.R. Watson Hydraulic Motor Control

3,217,3394 Nov 16, 1965 John Castoe Pressure fluid operated bushing inserting and removing press

View Reference: 

Blackhawk Tool Boxes and Displays

Blue Point / Blue Points

The first Blue Points tools show up in the Blue Points 1925 catalog, but they were probably made as early as 1922-23. According to the Alloy Artifacts site, the Blue Point trademark application was Sept 1923. The Snap on Story says they decided to add a line of Open End wrenches and a series of Chisels and Punches. These tools were first made for Motor Tool by other firms and because of a distinctive blued finish were sold under the name Blue Point. Demand continued to increase and the result was the formation of the Blue Point Tool Company. The new company manufactured Boxockets and other specialty items in a plant located in Racine Wis. The web Blue Point History site (Snap on tools) http://www.snapon-bluepoint.com/en/Brand/ says Founded in 1925. This history is sort of a mess. Blue Point, Blue Points, either name is used in the early Snap on literature. The 1926 cat shows the Blue Points name on the cover, the top of the pages say Blue Points, but the descriptions say Blue Point. There is a 1925/26 Blue Points Chicago cat that is the same way. The bags, all say Blue Point Chicago. But the name Blue Points , and tools, also shows up in a early catalog that reads Milwaukee Wrenches and Blue Points chisels and punches.. (see picture) The model numbers on the Milwaukee wrenches are an exact match as the Blue Points wrenches in the Snap on catalogs. Also some bags show up linking these to companies as the manufacture Milwaukee Tool & Forge (MTF) and the distributor Motor Tools Specialty (Snap on) (see pic) According to The Snap on Story, (in about 1924) a contract was made with Bill Myers (Forged Steel Products) (Vacuum Grip) for Motor Tool Specialty to sell his tools, and he in turn arranged to manufacture Blue Point end wrenches, punches and chisels. So, how this all fits in is a puzzle. The first wrench that has the Blue Point name is the Boxocket that shows up in the 1927 catalog, but there may have been Blue Point screw drivers made before that. In the very late 20's to the early 30's the Blue Points name on tools are changed to Blue Point. This happens again in the late 40's thru the early 60's where the Blue Point name on wrenches is changed to Snap on.

Brands, Trade Names & Trademarks

  • BOXOCKET (Wrenches) (First Use 12/1/1927)

  • Blue Point (All Tools) (First Use: Please see Document (2 pages) for complete and explicit first use dates for each tool type.)

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Image 3 Description: 

This is a label from a Blue Points puller box. Shows a relationship with Blue Point Tool Co. The box would date close to 29-30

Image 3: 

All Blue Point Wrenches

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Blue Point / Blue Points Ignition wrenches

The first Blue Points ignition wrenches show up in the 1928 (E) catalog. They have a three or four digit model number with no alpha letters. There were two types, one with no offset on one end, and one with a 15 degree offset. I think the no offset was the early one. The cats show a set of eight, but the photos in the cats show a set of seven. Also many of the ones I have seen are a set of 10. The early Blue Points have a stamped name, the 29 cat show them with a inset name, but I have never seen one with a inset name. There are some Blue Points that are the (i)xxxx series, but they are very hard to find..
The 31-33 cats show Blue Point i series. The I series came with the Blue Point name stamped and raised. The Blue Point C series show up in the 34 cat and were made until the mid 50s, where the name goes to Snap on and the model numbers started with DS. Also the early C series would not have Made in USA name.

Image Description: 

Top two, Blue Points with no alpha letter in the model number, shows with the 15 degree offset and without. These would date 27-29
Bottom three. the i series, note the different stampings on the Blue Point one's. These would date about 1930-33

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Image 2 Description: 

Top two, no Made in USA stamp. Raised letters. Would date mid 30's
Middle two, Made in USA Raised letters Would date late 30's to about mid 40's
Bottom. Made in USA, stamped letters, model number moved to back. Late 40's to mid 50's.

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Image 3 Description: 

A seven piece Blue Points set. No offset.

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Image 4 Description: 

A ten piece Blue Points no offset. Name Blue Point is very faint.

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Image 5 Description: 

A ten piece Blue Points with the offset.

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Image 6 Description: 

A Blue Point 10 piece. No USA. Cxxx series. would date mid 30's

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Blue Point / Blue Points Tappet Wrenches

The first Blue Points tappet wrenches show up in the Blue Points 1925 catalog but they were probably made as early as 1922-23. According to the Alloy Artifacts site the Blue Point trademark application was Sept 1923. The Snap on story says they decided to add a line of Open End wrenches and a series of Chisels and Punches, demand continued to increase and the result was the formation of the Blue Point Tool Company. The web Blue Point History site (Snap on tools) http://www.snapon-bluepoint.com/en/Brand/ says Founded in 1925., following the introduction of the Punches and Chisels, the Tappet Wrench line as added with a set of six double end wrenches. What the cats show: the Blue Points Milwaukee cat shows a set of six. BP25 has a set of 16, as does the SO26. The SO27 drops the T1213 & T1312. So we know the first ones would have these two model numbers. Also the SO26 thru SO1/28 show no markings. The SO29 shows Blue Points inset. Starting in 31 many model numbers were dropped and new ones added. The 33 cat as the last listing for the Txxxx model numbers.
So there are several variations of types. I think I have these in about the correct order of Mfg. but it may be off some. If you have any different types please post a picture. This is a hard one to figure out, but the pieces seem to fit.

Image Description: 

Wrench no. 1: Blue Points name stamped into head with Chicago under BP, has arrows. model number reads No1213 (only made pre 27) This does not have the T in it, but this is may be a error, due to the four digit being in conflict with the reg. wrenches.
Wrench no. 2: Blue Points name in head. Model number has a T. These two would probably date 22-26.

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Image 2 Description: 

Wrench no. 3. Blue Points name in head and in the body. Notice that Chicago is below the Blue Points name in the body.
Wrench no. 4. Blue Points name is only in the body. Chicago is still below the name. Model number starts with No these probably would date 26-29

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Image 3 Description: 

Wrench no. 5. Name in body, but the Chicago has been moved to the right of Blue Points. Font is much smaller. The model number font is small, also this one has no T. (this may be a error, or just different makers. (another story)
Wrench no. 6. Name in body, Chicago on right. Model number font is much larger, also has the T. These probably date 26-29

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Image 4 Description: 

Wrench no. 7. Name is inset into the body. Model number starts with No
Wrench no. 8. Name is inset into body. Font is a little bigger than 7. model number starts with a T. These are probably 29-31

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Image 5 Description: 

Wrench no. 9 Name is now Blue Point inset is gone, but arrows are still there. Has the new model numbers. Dates 30-31.
Wrench no 10 Arrows are gone. Has a 30s model number. probably date 30-32

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Image 6 Description: 

Wrench no 11 The oddball. just Blue Point, model number is not listed in 31-33. I have no clue.

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Blue Point / Blue Points Long handle single end tappet wrenches

Blue Points Long handle tappet wrenches show up in the 8/29 cat. Three regular models. LT16, LT18, LT20. Also three Special Dodge Tappet wrenches, one being a TSE1218. There is a TSE20 shown below, so they were probably made pre 29. Sometimes in the 30's the name was changed to Blue Point. It seems that Blue Point Tappet wrenches were made until sometimes in the 1950's. Several different model numbers. LT, TSE, XL, CT were some. There were also some specials with the model numbers like Sxxxx.

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Blue Points L20, L18, L16, TSE 20

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Image 2 Description: 

A couple of Blue Point Long single end tappet wrenches. LT16 (1937 code) LT 21

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Blue Point Tappet Holding wrench

The Tappet holding wrench shows up in the 1939 cat. Model TA16 in 1/2 size. (shown below). There was a TA18 made for GM cars in the 50's

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Blue Point TA16

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Blue Point Tappet set from about 1941

A nice set from about 1941. LSTxxx series. Note the bag is blue, not black like other bags from this era. No date codes on the wrenches. Not a complete set.

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Set with Bag.

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Image 2 Description: 

Detail of lettering. Note set no. C-80 (c80 was also used on other bags, so has to be the eight slots).

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Blue Points Tappet set from about 1930

This bag has the Blue Point and Snap on name (not Motor Tools Specialty) Snap on Inc. started about 1930. Blue Points name is inset in the handle. Not a complete set.

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Set with bag.

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Image 2 Description: 

Detail of letting, (faint) Has red lettering, Reads:
Trade Mark
Blue Point
Mechanics Hand Tools
Snap On Tools Inc.
Kenosha Wis
IC

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Early 20s Blue Points Tappet Set

This set does have a Blue Point Chicago Bag, but not sure if it came with these wrenches. These have the T missing from the model number. I do not think it is a complete set.

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Set with bag.

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Image 2 Description: 

Detail of printing and stamping on wrenches.

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Mid 20's Blue Points Tappet Set

This bag has no printed name, not sure if it is a Blue Point. Wrenches have a T in the model number. Not a complete set.

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Set with Bag.

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Image 2 Description: 

Detail of the wrench stampings.

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Blue Point Chrome Combination Wrenches

This is a try at dating these, many have no date code. Any help would be appreciated. The oex BP wrenches first show up in the 34 cat, they are shown in the 48 cat, but I have not seen one with a 48 code. Other years with no date codes stamped that I have not seen, 34, 35, 36, 40, 43, 44, 45.. I think the war finish raised letter oex's are 43-45. Its odd that no 44-45 codes have shown up on the oex wrenches since you see so many 44 45 codes on other BP wrenches. So if you have any of these no shows, please post a pic. This is what the cats list as years made. for the short pattern 120-240. 140-220 (34-48) 240 (35KS-48) 120 (36-48) long pattern 16-20 (34-48) 22-24 (35KS-48) 26,28.30,32 (36-48) 29 (39-46) (the 29 is rare) 34,36,40 (39-48) 14 (41-48)

Photos. Examples (1A-1E) do not have (made in USA) stamped on them the size is stamped in the shaft, Blue PoinT is in blocked letters. 1A and 1B model number reads -OEX-xx- , these have three - dashes, I think these are the early ones. the 1B has a date code but it is probably a later add on. no. 1C reads OEX-xx- two dashes. 1D, 1E no dashes, 1D has a date code. I think examples 1 would date 34-39.
Examples (2a-2D) have made in USA stamps. same block lettering. 2A has size in handle, 2B,C, D the size is now in the head. 2c has a 42 code on back side head. 2D has the made in USA stamped in rear side on the handle and the logo has a - (oex-34) I think examples 2 would date about 38-42.
Examples 3a and 3b. I have no clue. they are odd balls. they both have made in USA and blocked letters. 3a has the size in the handle and no date code. 3b has a oversize size stamped in the head. no date code.
Examples (4a-4d) these have 46 and 47 date codes. (one on front, two on back shaft, one on back head) (have made in USA on back) (the logo is no longer a block style) the size is sometimes on the handle, sometimes on the head). I am not sure why all these are different. maybe diff mfg maybe just diff lines.
If anyone have more info are diff types, or diff opinions please post. The above is just a guess, and we may never find out the exact protocol.

The sixth photo is a oex-190 19/32 not listed in the cats.
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Blue Point Combination Speed Wrenches Models ROEX

Two Blue Point Combination Speed Wrenches. Models ROEX200 and Roex220. Would date close to 1940. I cannot remember seeing any of these before, have not seen these in the cats, but could be. . ck out the R stamp, it is like they used the oex stamp and added a R (maybe ratcheting).

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Blue Point Midget combination set

Blue Point Midget combination wrenches have model numbers OXIxx . Early sets would have the black bag. They were made from the early 40's to the early 50's. The early sets have four wrenches and a fifth was later added.

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A early 40's Midget Combination Set

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Blue Point combination set from the early 40's

Early 1940's combination set. Black bag. Has C-80 on the bag.

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Set with bag.

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Image 2 Description: 

Lettering on bag.

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Blue Point Combination Wrench OEX29

Wrench Image: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
OEX29
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
YES
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Blue Point combination set from the late 30's

A late 30's set. Date codes 37-39. Black bag.

Image Description: 

Set with bag. This set in the late 30's was a seven piece set. I have added the 19/32 wrench.

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Image 2 Description: 

Detail of lettering.

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Blue Point raised letter combination wrenches.

These are a bit of mystery. The AA site says these were made 35-37. But there are some of these over 1", and over one inch in combination wrenches do not show up till about 1939, they show up in large lots in the UK were pre 38 BP very rarely shows up. Also they show up in 7/16 and the oex14 does not show up until 1941. So AA is probably wrong. So I am thinking these are war time made for the military. War finish, crudely made, have USA stamped on them, . A odd thing is that none of these have ever shown up with a clear date code that matches the charts, The DOE and DBE BP wrenches show up in droves with the E G codes. If you have any information on these, especially one with a date code please post.

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Blue Point Drive Tool Accessories

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Blue Point Single Offset Wrenches X series

These are fun to collect, usually cheap, and are some of the first Blue Point wrenches made. Date range (26-27) thru (42-43). How to date these when there are no date codes on them. Below are four 5/8 inch X-20 wrenches, they are all 1920's. Bottom wrench is a Blue Points X-20. (not in the cats) its hard to date blue points, but I would guess its mid 20s, these are very hard to find. Next up, probaby the first bp wrench type, its short about 9 inches, has a very deep offset, no date code, so I would date it 26-27. Next up, date code 6-28. length 9-3/4. shank diam. 19/32. Next up date code -29, length 10 inches, shank diam 1/2. The mid 20s x series have a distinct offset which is much larger than post 1927, they are shorter. I have not seen an x series with a 27 date code. The 28-29 x series are somewhat longer and have a date code with 28-29. the x-30 appears first in the 1928 cat.. In general, the lengths get longer thru the mid 30s and after 1933 they stay the same. But exact lengths are often somewhat different than whats listed in the cats.
1930s: Some of the early 30s have date codes, but in about 1930 most of the wrenches were stamped (pat no 1424069) or (pat no 1424069-1). In about 1937-38 (made in USA) stamp was added.
So, 20s, no pat no, no made in usa. Early 30s pat. no, but no USA, late 30s and early 40s, would have made in USA.

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Blue Point Sockets

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Blue Point Water Pump Packing Nut Wrenches.

These wrenches were made from about 1925 thru about 1940.  There were about 25 different sizes, some of these were special order. There are also 7 or more different verisons so making a complete set of these is near impossible.  I think I have maybe 15 of the 25.  They show up in the 29 G cat,  31, 35, 36,  and twice in the 37 (once as water pump and also as Flare wrenches.).  It is not odd that a tool show up in some early 30s cats and then skip a year or two and reappear.   There were also some specials like the S9895, 904, 905, ST-802. 

Image Description: 

Has: Patent Appl'd  Chicago ILL  the model number and size are stamped on the top on the handle. This version has the wide handles, with a double triangle in the inset..  Date codes 1928 and 1931.  The hanger holes are probably not factory.  Would date 28-33.

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Image 2 Description: 

Has been changed to: Patent Appld For.  Has wide handle,  also has the Blue Point name removed.  (no infomation has been found as to why,  but it is common to find the name removed in the Water Pump wrenches) Has a 31 code.

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Image 3 Description: 

These have Narrow handle,  the single triangle in the inset.  The model number and size has been turned.  Date codes are 29 and 31.  Have Patent Appld for with Chicago ILL.   Not sure why some are narrow handle,  it is not all size,  previous pic shows a 932 with the wide handle,  could be two different lines,  or different factories.

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Image 4 Description: 

Wide version.  Has PAT.RE.No. 17.417. on back.  Date codes 31 and blank.   Some of these have factory hanger holes,  most do not.  Some read Patent Appl'd,  Some read Patent Appld for.

There are narrow handles with the 17417 on back also.  Pic on the AA site.

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Image 5 Description: 

Has Patd RE No 17417 on front.  Has a factory hanger hole.  There are narrow handle versions of these also.   Back is blank with no code. Still has Chicago ILL.  Some have stamps on the back like 9-2, 

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Image 6 Description: 

Chicago has been replaced with Kenosha WIS.  One of these has the model number and size stamped on the head. Have hanger holes.  One has a 9-3 stamped on the back.  Neither has a date code.  These would date to the mid 30's   No USA stamp.

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Image 7 Description: 

This one has Made in USA stamp,  has a 1940 date code stamped on front handle. No stamping on back.

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Blue Point double open end ratcheting wrenches.

The history of these is a bit confusing. There are some RBxxxx models that I do not see in the cats. The first RSxxxx model that shows up is the RS1618 in the 41 cat. Then some years have the four piece RS set and some years show the seven piece set. Am not sure when they last show up as Blue Point. There are also some ratcheting end combination wrenches from about 1940. http://toolarchives.com/?q=node/535

Image Description: 

A couple of RSxxxx wrenches. Note that made in USA is not on these, also has large font. No date codes. Would probably date mid 30's

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Image 2 Description: 

The RSxxxx models. This set of seven have a 1948 date code.

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Blue Points / Blue Point "S" open end (Brake) wrenches.

This covers The Blue Points / Blue Point "S" wrenches, sometimes referred to as Lookheed Brake wrenches. Covers models No 51, 5116 thru 5120, and models 5216 thru 5230. The Blue Points no.51 shows up only in the 1928(E) cat, is thinner than the later models, the offsets are 45/30, opening is 5/8. The 29 cats shows three Blue Points models, 5116 5118 5120, they have the stamped logo with a 45/30 offset (these same model numbers are used in the offset socket wrenches in the 26-27 cats), also the 5116-20 models show up with the Blue Points inset logo.. The 31 cat shows three models with a 90/30 offset, model numbers have been changed to 5216, 5218, 5220. The were made with the Blue Points inset logo, and the Blue Point (double arrow) logo. The 32-33 cats show seven Blue Point models adding 5222-5230, have 90/30 offset.. The cats 34-42 only show three models 5216-5120, with a 45/30 offset.
All these changes made these hard to collect, but heck try the waterpump wrenches.

Image Description: 

Top: No. 51 5/8 opening Blue Points stamped logo. would date 1928
Second. 5120 Blue Points stamped would date 28-29
Third 5116 Blue Points inset logo, with 45/30 offset would probably date 29-30
Fourth 5220 Blue Points inset logo with 90/30 offset would probably date 30-31

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Image 2 Description: 

Blue point 5222 and 5218 with raised logo and arrows with the logo, 90/30 offset probably date 30-32
Notice also that the model number has been changed to the back.

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Image 3 Description: 

top: Blue Point 5222, raised letters, 90/30 offset, no Made in USA. would probably date 32-33
second: Blue Point 5216 raised letters 45/30 offset no Made in USA would probably date 34-36
third: Blue Point 5220 raised letters 45/30 offset, Made in USA logo, would probably date 37-42

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Other Open end Blue Point Brake wrenches

These are some other Blue Point open end brake wrenches made in the 30's and 40's

Image Description: 

The are very big wrenches. B1450 16" 15/16 x 1-1/16
B1451 16" 1 x 1-1/8
B1452 15" 3/4 x 7/8
They show up in the 1933-48 cats.

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Image 2 Description: 

Top: RA1618 1/2 x 9/16 Right angle wrench. Cats 31-42.
next two. B1351 there are two types. one 3/16 x 5/16 in the 39-46 cats and 1/4 x 5/16 in the 33-37 cats
Fourth: S8652 Ford Special mostly for the 1939 Ford 1/4 x 3/8 39-42 cats
bottom two: B1352 shows in the 30's cat as a 3/16 1/4 x 3/8 1/2. but there is another type that does not show up in the cats.
1/4 5/16 x 9/32 1/2.

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Image 3 Description: 

Blue Points S9154, for adjusting nut on bendix brakes, Hudson-Essex cars

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Blue Points / Blue Point Double open end standard wrenches

Blue Points / Blue Point standard double open end wrenches show up in the 25 Blue Points cat, and were probably made thru about 1931, then the name would have changed to Blue Point. The Blue Point wrenches are last seen in the 42 cat.. These are a nightmare to collect, first there are 24 different model numbers, there a several different types (some shown in the pictures below), and the year with the most model numbers was 1931. I have not been a avid collector of the Blue Point models, have tried to get most of the Blue Points, the inset logo one's are hard to find (there are several types of these)
I have made a chart that shows all the model numbers made, and what year cats they show up in.

Image Description: 

chart of models and years shown in the cats

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Image 2 Description: 

Top: Blue Points with stamping in the head only. Probably would date 22-26
Second: Stamping in the head and body. The Chicago name is to the right of the Blue Points name. This is different than the Tappet with the head/body stamps. So I am not sure which came first the Chicago on the right of the logo or Chicago below the logo. Would date about 26-29
Third: Stamping on the Body, Chicago on the right. Would date about 26-29
Fourth: Stamping on the body, Chicago Below. Would date about 26-29
So, why all the variations, different manufactures? different years, different lines. just not sure.

Image 2: 
Image 3 Description: 

Blue Points inset logo. Front and back.
Top: On the back model number and sizes are inset
Bottom: sizes are stamped.
These would probably date 29-31

Image 3: 
Image 4 Description: 

Blue Points inset front
Top: Size on front, model number on back
Middle: Model number on front, size on back
Bottom: Large Logo.
These probably would date 29-31

Image 4: 
Image 5 Description: 

Blue Point raised letters with arrows. These would probably date 30-32

Image 5: 
Image 6 Description: 

Blue Point raised letters no USA. Looks at all the different fonts. The middle one, the top of the hash mark between the name goes to the left. These would date probably 32-38. I think the large font is the early one, but not sure.

Image 6: 
Image 7 Description: 

Blue Point raised letters with USA. One the bottom one, the hash mark is missing. These would date 37-43. Both of these have 1941 date codes.

Image 7: 

Blue Points / Blue Point Punch and Chisel Sets

The first Blue Points Punch and Chisel sets are sort of a murder mystery. They are stamped "Milwaukee Blue Points". So, did Milwaukee Tools and Forge make these under their name and Motor Tool Specialty were the exclusive distributors, or Blue Point have them made for them. Either way has a, but, to it. Not sure if we will ever know.
These probably were first made in about 23-24 as Milwaukee Blue Points, the 1925 Blue Points Mechanics cat shows them as Blue Points Chicago. Sometimes in the early 30's the name was changed to Blue Point, and again in the 50's the name was changed to Snap on.
Below are some of the sets with different bags.

Image Description: 

Milwaukee Blue Points set, probably from early 20's

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Image 2 Description: 

Blue Points Chicago set, probably from late 20's to early 30's. A few of them have model numbers, like 610

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Image 3 Description: 

Detail of the stamping on the above two.

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Image 4 Description: 

Blue Point set. Bag has Blue Point Chicago, tools just have Blue Point. Model number are like V-405. Hard to date this, but probably very early 30's.

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Image 5 Description: 

This is a just Blue Point set. Model numbers are SVP. Date codes are late 30's. They do not have made in USA stamp, odd for late 30's tools.

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Image 6 Description: 

Blue Point set, still has the black bag. Model numbers are "S" Have made in USA stamp, one has what looks like a 41 code.

Image 6: 
Image 7 Description: 

Blue Point. SVP models. Black bag, but logo has changed. no date codes, would probably date early to mid 40's. Have made in USA stamps.

Image 7: 
Image 8 Description: 

Blue Point. SVP models. Bag has changed to a maroon color. Date codes are late 40's.
I think the red bags came in during the swap to the Snap on name in the mid 50's, but not sure.

Image 8: 

Blue Points Double Open End wrench sets

Blue Points DOE's were made from probably 23-24 thru the early 30's. Some show up in the mid 30's cats, but Snap on was notorious in keeping the same pic in the cats long after the tools were changed. There is only one Blue Points box end wrench that I know of. All the boxocket wrenches were Blue Point.

Image Description: 

Blue Points open end wrench set, probably from the very late 20's to very early 30's. These have the inset logos.

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Image 2 Description: 

Blue Points right angle wrench set, probably from the late 20's

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Blue Points Special wrenches.

There were Snap on specials, Blue Point box end specials, and Blue Points specials. Many being made at the same time. I am not sure why.

Image Description: 

Blue Points special Buick headlight adjustment wrench. 1930 Buick 40 and 50, 1931 Buick 60, 80 and 90. Model number S9872 opening 1-5/16. What is odd is that is a Blue Points with a mid to late 20's logo being made for 30s cars, also shows up in early 30s cats.

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Image 2 Description: 

Blue Points special brake eccentric wrenches. Have the inset logo, would date late 20's to early 30's. S9862 3/16 opening. S8754 with a 5/16 opening.

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Image 3 Description: 

Blue Points X20. This is such an odd one. Has the handle of the Snap on offset wrenches from the mid 20's. Has a Blue Point boxocket model number with the offset and box end of the early X models. opening is 5/8. I have seen a few of them, all had the 5/8 opening

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Image 4 Description: 

Blue Points S9819. Buick Special. Steering eccentric for 1937 models 80 and 90. Opening 1-7/8. This is another odd one. Only shows up in the 37 cat, for a 1937 Buick, but it is a Blue Points.

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Image 5 Description: 

Blue Points S9566. Special end wrench 1/2 x 3/4 opening for draw bolt on Chevrolet 1929-30, own brakes: brake rod adjustment on Hupmobile Steel Dralic; draw bolt n Pontiac 1927-28, own brakes: brake cable adjusting on Packard, all models with Bendix brakes.

Image 5: 
Image 6 Description: 

Blue Points S9569. Special thin end wrench, 5/8 both ends, for drawbolt lock nut, Chevrolet own brakes 1929-30. Graham Paige 612-615, Lockheed, all external brakes; also own brakes on Oakland 1924-28: Pontiac 1927-28
This is the exact same wrench as the Blue Points No. 51, just a different (corrected) model number.

Image 6: 

Early Blue Point Dwarf Boxockets

When Boxockets were first introduced is unknown, best guess is 26-27. Below are five different xs1618's that would date from 26/27 to 1932.

First wrench, model number is on back, width in center just smaller than 3/8. where the bar attaches to the socket the bar has a slight indention. No date code, no size stamps.

Second wrench, model number is on back, width just larger than 3/8. bar attachment is rounded. No date code. No size stamps.

Third wrench, model number is on front, width just smaller than 3/8. No date code. No size stamps.

Fourth wrench, model number on front, width just smaller an 3/8. date code -29. No size stamps.

Fifth wrench, sizes are shown on front, model number on front, width 7/16. date code on back, 1932. Has pat.no 1424069 on back.

We are not sure if these are in the correct order. If anyone has some more, please post a pic and your comments below

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Image 3: 

Other Blue Point tools

Blue Point made many different tools.  Below are some ot the other tools.

Image Description: 

Extra deep extractor set No. 1205.  Probably dates late 30's.  For removing broken cylinder head studs.

http://www.collectingsnapon.com/catalogs/catalogs.php?loggedin=0&catalogPage=523

 

Image: 
Image 2 Description: 

Blue Point screw extractor set.  From the mid 30's

Image 2: 
Image 3 Description: 

Blue Point Chicago Bearing Scraper set,  would date early 30's

Image 3: 

Other Blue Point wrench sets

There were lots of Blue Point wrench sets, so it is hard to collect them all. Just pick what you like and add some more later. Below are some sets.

Image Description: 

Supreme open end wrenches. Model numbers S-xxxx First show up in the 1934 catalog with eight pieces, and end in the 1960 cat with 29 pieces. Not a big collector of these, there are different types. Below is a set from the late 30's. missing one wrench.

Image: 
Image 2 Description: 

J series short open end wrenches. First show up in the 1933 catalog with four pieces, added the J-2022 in 1935, Last seen in the 58 cat.

Image 2: 
Image 3 Description: 

Blue Point X-xxxx series. Double End offset Boxockets. First show up in the 37 cat with 10 pieces and are last seen in the 1946 cat with. 19 pieces. Note. some of the same model numbers show up in the 29 cat, double end with no offset.
this set is late 1930's

Image 3: 
Image 4 Description: 

Blue Point midget boxocket wrenches, double end offset. Model numbers XI-xxxx. Were made in four model numbers. First show up in the 1935 cat, are last seen as Blue Point in the 48 cat.
Set below is late 1930's

Image 4: 
Image 5 Description: 

Blue Point Half Moon Boxocket wrenches. Model numbers CX-xxxx. The first one to show up is in the 32 cat. , Model CX1820. The CX2224 shows up in the 37 and the CX2024 makes its debut in the 39 cat. There is a CX1416 in the 41. The CX1416 also is in the 50-52 cat, but the 2224 is dropped. The Blue Point Half Moons are last shown in the 53 cat.
Below. Bottom: CX1820 with a 32 code. Note that the middle of the handle is sort of round, later they are more flat.
Middle CX2024 with a 39 code
Top CX2224 with a 37 code

Image 5: 
Image 6 Description: 

Blue Point Curved "S" Boxocket wrenches. Only three different ones. First show up in the 34 cat and are last shown in the 39 cat.
The ones below all have a 34 code.

Image 6: 
Image 7 Description: 

Blue Point XDxxxx series double boxend wrenches 15 degree offset. These were made for a long time, show up in the 32 cat, last seen as Blue Point in the 63 cat. About 17-20 different ones

Image 7: 
Image 8 Description: 

Blue Point double box end ratcheting wrenches.. The No. 75 shows up in the 32 and 33 cats. in 34 the 76 and 77 were added. In 37 the 77 was dropped and the 79 was added.. In 42-45 just the 75 an 76 were shown. All four were in the 46-48 cats.

Image 8: 

Other Blue Points tools

Other tools were made with the Blue Points name, hammers, valve tools, feeler gauges and a few oddballs. I have not seen a wood handle screw driver with a Blue Points trademark, so if you have one post a picture.

Image Description: 

Blue Points rulers. These show in the 29 Cat. There is probably one for each branch, so there would be like 26 different ones. They had a case that you could buy also. Notice the Canada ruler has Made in USA on it, I wonder if all the tools shipped to Canada had this.

Image: 
Image 2 Description: 

Detail of rulers

Image 2: 
Image 3 Description: 

Blue Points valve lifter. Also has the makers name: Sunnen Products, St. Louis Mo.

Image 3: 
Image 4 Description: 

Blue Points valve spring compressor.

Image 4: 
Image 5 Description: 

Blue Points ball pein hammers, came in various sizes. Note: sometimes listed as Ball Peen.

Image 5: 
Image 6 Description: 

No. 050 offset screw driver.

Image 6: 
Image 7 Description: 

Blue Points shim tape. came in different thickness sizes. not sure what cat this is in.

Image 7: 
Image 8 Description: 

Blue Points tool box. This has Blue Point pullers in it.

Image 8: 

Bog Manufacturing Company

Very little is known or available in periodicles about the Bog Company.  It is known that it had very close ties to the Western Auto Supply Company and is believed to have been own/run by Ben Pepperdine, the brother of George Pepperdine, founder of Western Auto.  An article in the 11/26/1927 edition of The Daily Republican (Cherryvale, KS) notes that Mr. Cal Lowe has accepted the position of Superintendent of Bog Manufacturing of Chicago.  Interestingly, the article notes that the Bog Manufacturing Co. is a "Division of the Western Auto Supply Co."

*Update 8/30/2016: We discovered a single article, from the April 6, 1919 edition of the Chicago Daily Tribune stating that Mr. George Pepperdine of the Western Auto Supply Co. had just purchased a 15 year lease on a 6 story buliding at the SE corner of Michigan Ave. and 16th St.  This activity may represent the beginnings of Bog.  There appears to be no other reason for Mr. Pepperdine to lease such a large facility since all of his stores were in the West during this period.

Bog Manufacturing (Chicago, IL) - Contract Production for:

  • Hinsdale
  • Plomb

   Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Big Boy (Wrenches)

Bog Drive Tools

View Reference: 

Bog Ratchets

View Reference: 

Bog Sockets

View Reference: 

Bog Wrenches

View Reference: 

Boker, H. & Co.

While information is scarce on this company, there are several sources we can point to that provide accounts of their history.

Source 1: Knife Collector Forum - Individual source, unverified information.

Source 2: Boker Manufacturing website history page - German

In the late 1800's to 1900's, H. Boker & Co. purchased the Valley Forge Cuttlery factory in order to begin U.S. manufacture of pocket knives.  According to several accounts, up until this time the majority of Boker's business was through import and resale operations.  However, the import duty during that time was 90% and made the import of such goods nearly impossible.  Here is a link to a nice article on the production of knives at the Valley Forge Cuttlery factory

This search result from a 1914-1915 Dept. of Commerce report on U.S. trade with the world illustrates the vast quantity and range of goods made by Boker of Germany and imported into the U.S. by H. Boker & Sons.  This list also represents our first noting of pliers from H. Boker.

The January, 1920 edition of Hardware Dealers Magazine reports the construction of a huge new manufacturing facility in Hilton, NJ.  The article notes that the factory will consolidate the manufacturing the following subsidiaries: Scissor factory in Newark, NJ; C. H. Redman & Co., also of Newark producing clippers, pruners and shears; Boker Cutlery & Hardware Co. operating in Brooklyn producing high speed bridged reamers.

In December of 1914, H. Boker & Co. registered in New York State as an official business entity, noting a capital stock of $500,000.  New York business registration.  The business record indicates the company was dissolved on July 2, 2004.

According to our first unconfirmed reference above, the following are Boker acquisitions:

Boker Cutlery & Hardware Co., Inc (New York, NY) - Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • ARBOLITO (Pruners) (First Use 5/3/1957)

  • KINITE (Ferro Alloys) (First Use 10/15/1918 - also by "predecessors")

  • Valley Forge (​Scissors, Shears and Grass Hooks) (First Use 6/1/1916 - also by "Predecessors")

  • Alsteel (Adjustable)
  • TRENTON - Inside rhombus, with "Patent Solid Eye Pick" outside top, and "Manufactured by the Trenton Vise & Tool Works" outside below. (Mechanics' Tools) (First Use January, 1876)

Boker Patents

Person Tags: 

Bonner, C. E. Manufacturing

The 4/16/1904 edition of The Iron and Machinery World periodical carries the announcement of formation for the C. E. Bonner Manufacturing Co in Crisman, IN with $30,000 capital.  The principals are noted as C. E. Bonner, George W. Fair and D. B. Tucker.

In August of 1909, Patent # 929821 was awarded for a combination plier tool.

The 11/1913 edition of The American Machine & Tool Record announces the reorganization of C. E. Bonner as The Bonner Tool Co.  Mr. Bonner took control and purchased the plant of the Danville Car Co. of Danville, IL in order to increase capacity.

The last mention of Bonner Tool Co appears in 1917 and it's disposition is still unknown.

C. E. Bonner Mfg. Co. (Champaign / Chrisman, IL) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • Victor (Pipe Wrenches, Pliers, Pry Bar/Nail Puller) (First Use 4/1/1903)

Clarence E. Bonner Patents

Person Tags: 

C. E. Bonner Manufacturing Patents

Image Description: 

Chain Wrench - Patent # 937,917

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Bonney Vise & Tool / Bonney Forge & Tool Works

This article, for the most part, re-writes the majority of early Bonney history. We will link all assertions to their relevant resources so that the reader might investigate for themselves.

In 1873, Charles S. Bonney patented a clamping device, Patent #135,882.  The interesting part of this patent is who signed the document as witnesses.  They are William W. Supplee and Frank W. Huff, Directors of Supplee Hardware Co.

In either late 1876 or early 1877, Charles S. Bonney formed a company under the name C. S. Bonney & Son. Many of the advertisements and paraphernalia discovered contains the "Established 1876" marking, however there has yet to be discovered any documentation of the actual date of formation for the company. This article from 1898 describes the formation of the company in 1877 at Seventeenth & Barker streets. The same article asserts that Bonney relocated the company to Frankford Street in 1878. Again in the same article, Bonney moved the company again to 639 Arch Street in 1880. Again using the same reference, the company was moved to their famous Philadelphia location of 3015 Chestnut Street in 1882. On July 2nd, 1881, Bonney Vise & Tool Co. (Limited) was formally registered as a business entity in the state of Pennsylvania under Business Entity # 5828301. On November 19th, 1881, the company was re-registered as "The" Bonney Vise & Tool Co. (Limited) under Business Entity # 4633103. We have discovered no further information covering the period between November, 1881 and July 1885.

During our research, we were lucky enough to locate and obtain an original copy of the 1886 edition of a Bonney catalog. Inside the front cover of that catalog (also inside the front cover of the 1888 catalog), we made a startling discovery; on July 28th, 1885, C. S. Bonney sold his interest in The Bonney Vise and Tool Co. (Limited) to John B. Newkirk. All Bonney products would be sold under the Philadelphia Hardware purveyor Newkirk, Ritchie & Bells. By the end of 1888, Mr. Bells left the partnership and was replaced by Mr. Armstead O. Bills, who was to become a major part of the Bonney legacy. Outside an article from The Allentown Leader (newspaper) gossip section on December 15, 1917, we can find no evidence of any Bonney family involvement in the company after it was sold in 1885. The Allentown Leader article, which identifies Henry G. Bonney as the "founder of the Bonney Vise and Tool Works." This reference provides credence to the formation of the company as C. S. Bonney & Son.  The article states: "GUESTS OF COL. FRANKLIN. Lieutenant Colonel C. P. Franklin, executive officer of the Ambulance Camp, had as a visitor Thursday his father-in-law, Henry G. Bonney of Philadelphia, the founder of the Bonney Vise and Tool Works. With him was his son, Lieut. Kenneth C. Bonney, who enlisted in the Coast Artillery and won a commission. He had been sent to France and England on special missions and is now going across again for active service." Exhaustive searches of records yields virtually nothing about Henry G. Bonney, and absolutely no association with the company outside of this "gossip section blurb."

Records show that sometime in 1890, A. O. Bills obtained sole rights to Bonney and reorganized the company, with many resources showing A. O. Bills as "Sole Proprietor." Presumably as part of the reorganization by Mr. Bills, The Bonney Vise & Tool Co. (Limited) became Bonney Vise & Tool Works. Even though the corporate entity of "Bonney Vise & Tool Works" wasn't formally registered with the USPTO until March 17th of 1908, there are enough advertisements with that company name during the early 1890's to surmise that the name change happened around 1890. The "takeover" by A. O. Bills appeared to be a great success as, by 1898, the company had grown to 60 payroll employees. As part of this growth, in 1894 Mr. Bills struck a deal with the J. H. Graham & Co. of NY, naming them the sole factory direct distributor for Bonney manufactured tools and implements. In 1896, Bonney introduced "The only all steel vise ever put on the market," further broadening the product line. There is also evidence that on April, 10th of 1900, the Bonney facility narrowly escaped disaster from a fire. The damages from the fire were estimated at $150. Based on CPI, in today's dollars the damages would equate to around $4500. On November 30th, 1902, Joseph G. Baker, a prolific inventor for Bonney, filed his patent for "The Masterpiece." This combination pipe wrench/pipe cutter was revolutionary for the time and jobbers and purveyors of Bonney products could not keep them in stock. By 1906, demand was so high for Bonney products that another factory (not yet identified) in New York was outsourced and producing Bonney products almost exclusively. This portion of Bonney history is somewhat sketchy, having found very little evidence to document the era between 1905 and 1909. During that timeframe, A. O. Bills disappears from all advertisements and records pertaining to Bonney. Emerging from this era is the Durham family.

In 1907, Mr. Joseph E. Durham becomes President of Bonney and on September 1, 1907, his son Joseph E. Durham becomes Vice President and Treasurer, and his other son Fred becomes Vice President. At this point, we are assuming that the Durham family bought out A. O. Bills in 1907 and took over Bonney operations. In 1909, Bonney factory operations were moved to Allentown, PA, although offices were still retained in Philadelphia. The company thrived in Allentown, significantly expanding it's product line into wrenches, specialty wrenches and other mechanics hand and specialty tools. By 1916, the company broke ground on a new facility to keep up with ever growing demand for their products. On March 2, 1921, in order to more appropriately match the name with their genre of products, Bonney again changed their name from The Bonney Vise & Tool Works, to Bonney Forge and Tool Works.

In 1933, as reported in Iron Age, Volume 131, Bonney organized the Gray-Bonney Tool Co. Ltd. of Canada.  According to other sources, Gray-Bonney was a partnership between the two companies with primary leadership coming from Gray.

***More to come as research progresses***

 

From Wikipedia: Bonney Forge was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1876 by Charles S. Bonney. Originally Bonney Forge crafted forged and finished hardware for horse-drawn wagons, later it became a manufacturer of automotive hand tools, and now it is a manufacturer of fittings and unions, branch connections, steel valves and specialty products. In 1953 Bonney Forge was taken over by the Miller Manufacturing Company of Detroit, Michigan. In 1964 the firm was sold to Kelsey-Hayes Corp. of Romulus, Michigan. The company was for many years based out of Allentown, Pennsylvania, where it had some of its manufacturing operations. Bonney Forge also had manufacturing operations in Alliance, Ohio, Orangeburg, South Carolina and near Milan, Italy. Plant closures In March 1964 Bonney Forge closed its manufacturing plant in Alliance, after if moved manufacturing operations from there to the Kelsey-Hayes Corp. plant in Orangeburg, South Carolina. In August 2001 Bonney Forge closed its manufacturing plant in Allentown because the plant building could not be modernized to handle a new press. In 1967, the pipe fittings and valves portion of Bonney Forge was sold to the Gulf & Western Company where it continued to produces these goods until 1984. In 1984, a successful leverage buyout brought the Bonney Forge company back into privately held hands where it remains today. From the Bonney Forge Website: Bonney Forge, founded in 1876, initially forged and finished hardware for horse drawn wagons. The company's product line, all requiring metal working and machining, evolved during the first half of the 20th century. The products included hand tools, military hardware and commercial forgings. In the second half of the century the company entered the fittings and valve markets with the introduction of the Olet® fitting line. Subsequently complementary products were added including forged steel fittings, forged steel valves and more recently cast steel valves. The company was privately owned until 1967, when it was sold to Gulf & Western Industries. Under Gulf & Western, Bonney continued to produce valves and fittings at plants located in the USA and Italy. Bonney Forge remained a Gulf & Western company until 1984 when John Leone led a successful leverage buyout from Gulf & Western. Since that time, Bonney Forge has remained a private, closely held family owned company. For more than a century, Bonney Forge has achieved manufacturing excellence through the detailed attention to customer's needs and producing consistently superior flow control products. Today, the Bonney Forge name is synonymous with quality that exceeds all industry standards.

Bonney (1876-1909 Philadelphia, PA / 1909-1953 Allentown, PA) Sub Brands / Trade Names / Trademarks

  • There are two trademarks listed in this document from 1915 that cannot yet be found.  Registration numbers 104,199 (Vises and Lathe-dogs) and 105,781 (Wrenches)
  • Edit: Thanks to Russ Allen, the​ Trademarks are:

  • We found another Trademark, #99,274 that also does not come up in TSDR.
  • Edit: Thanks to Russ Allen, the​ Trademark is:
    • Vixen - (Wrenches) (First Use 1908)

  • Two trademarks from 1923 that do not come up in TSDR: #172,633 and #173,993 (found on page 1,513 in the 1923 Index of Patents under topic Wrenches in Class 23)
  • Edit: Thanks to Russ Allen, the 1923 Trademarks are:

  • 'CV' - (Tappet Wrenches) (First Use 11/4/1922)

  • 'CV' - (Engineers, Open-End, Single End Service, and Water Pump Packing Nut Wrenches) (First Use 12/19/1922)

  • Zenel (Wrenches, Ratchets) (First Use 8/31/1932)

  • 'C V' (letters only) (Engineers Wrenches, Open End Wrenches, Single End Service Wrenches) (First Use 12/19/1922) //
  • 'C V' (Letters only) (Mechanics' Tools) (First Use 12/19/1922)
  • Bonaloy (Wrenches) (First Use 3/6/1939)

  • Hercules (Vises, Adjustables) (First Use 1904)

  • Hercules -Tapered- (Wrenches, Sockets & Attachments) (First Use 8/25/1928)

  • Wrenches (Drawing of a DOE with sticker on shank) (First Use 11/15/1922)

  • Tomahawk (Combination Tool - Hammer, hatchet, pincers, wire-cutter, belt punch, tack claw, screwdriver, and wire splicing clamp) (First Use 4/1908)

  • Ajax (Vises)
  • Vixen (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Masterpiece (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Always Ready (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Crocodile (Alligator Wrenches)
  • Bonney Stillson (Pipe Wrenches)
  • Gipsey (Vises)
  • Bonney (Arched Letters) (Wrenches & Vises) (First Use 1876) ​NOTE: This Trademark was filed by Armstead O. Bills (Vice President) on 11/27/1907) **Now owned by Snap-On

  • Lehigh (Bonney Shield design with Lehigh) (First Use 12/15/1915) (appears to be mostly masonry tools but trademark also lists wrenches and vises)

  • SIMANG (Chisels, Wrenches, Hammers, Snips, etc.) (First Use 9/1/1926)

  • BONNEY - Text (All Tools) (First Use December, 1945) Filed by Utica Tool Co. // **Now owned by Snap-On

  • LOC-RITE - (Socket Wrenches) (First use 2/14/1964) Filed by Kelsey-Hayes // **Now owned by Snap-On

   Contract Production for:

  • Crescent Niagara (Ratchets)
  • John Deere (Wrenches, Ratchets, Drive Tools, Sockets)
  • Bethlehem Spark Plug Co. (Ratchets)
  • MATCO (Wrenches)
  • Harley-Davidson
  • Caterpillar
  • Pratt-Whitney
  • Craftsman (C-####-C Wrenches)
  • Dayton (Ratchets [sweetheart FT])

Key Tool Stamping Terms (stamped/forged into tools):

  • Chrome - Vanadium (Circle CV)
  • Zenel
  • Bonaloy
  • Alloy Steel

Bonney Patents

Charles S. Bonney Patents

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Bonney Catalogs

Bonney Catalog Number Map

1882 - Mentioned here in the May 20, 1882 edition of Mechanics - No catalog number given.

1886 - Located Here - No catalog number given.

1898 - Mentioned here in the June 9th edition of Iron Age - No catalog number given.

1910 - Catalog #15

1913 - Catalog #16 (Announced August, 1913 - could be 1912?)

Unknown - Catalog #17

1914 - Catalog #18

1915 - Cement Tools Catalog #19

Unknown - Catalog #20 (A Bonney Catalog is mentioned in a 1917 announcement in the Iron Tradesman)

1919 - Catalog #21

1932 - Catalog #32

1933 - Catalog #33

1934 - Catalog #134

1937 - Catalog #137 -- Also, Catalog M (referenced in the February, 1937 edition of Popular Mechanics.)

1938 - Catalog #138

1939 - Catalog #139

1941 - Catalog #141

1946 - 46J (Jobber Catalog)

1947 - Catalog(s) C-1 (small format) & M-1 (large format)

1950 - Catalog C-2

1955 - Catalog D-2 (posted on ebay with 1955 price list)

Beginning in 1956, Bonney published a small format and a large format.  The small format was identified by a ##-S and the large format with simply ##

1956 - Catalog 56

1957 - Catalog 57

1958 - Catalog 58

1959 - Catalog 59

1960 - Catalog 60

1961 - Catalog 61

 

 

1886 Bonney Vise & Tool Catalog

Excellent reading and some tools!

1914 Bonney Vise & Tool Catalog

This catalog focuses on Vises and Wrenches.

1915 Bonney Vise & Tool "Cement Tools" Catalog

We never knew Bonney made so many "other tools" outside of mechanics implements.

1919 Bonney Vise & Tool Catalog

Excellent reading and some tools!

Bonney Corporate Timeline

View Reference: 

Bonney Date Codes

View Reference: 

Bonney Hand Tools

Bonney Mechanics Tools

To review a timeline of Bonney wrench alloys and markings as illustrated / announced in catalogs, follow this link: http://toolarchives.com/?q=bonney-wrenches---a-catalog-inventory

All Bonney Wrenches

This list is sorted by Model Number.  You can use the parameters below to search for specific Bonney wrenches by various attributes.  Simply type in or select the appropriate search parameters in the appropriate fields and select "Apply."

View Reference: 

Bonney Drive Tool Accessories

View Reference: 

Bonney Pliers

View Reference: 

Bonney Ratchets

View Reference: 

Bonney Sets

Image Description: 

This is set B-60003, double line wrenches. The set is from the Utica-Bonney era and includes the following wrenches:
- (to be documented later)

Image: 
Image 2 Description: 

This is set B-80711, SAE double open end wrenches. This set is from the Utica-Bonney era and includes the following wrenches:
- (to be documented later)

Image 2: 

Bonney Tools - The Modern / Loc-Rite Era

Loc-Rite Broached Wrenches

Loc-Rite Sockets

Image Description: 

Used on Bonney sockets and box wrenches during the Triangle Tools era. I think it was originally designed for aircraft hydraulic use, designated as AS-954 certified. The rounded "lobed" profile moved the contact area back away from the corner on to the flat of the fastener, thereby reducing rounding and fastener deformation. Much like S-O's Flank Drive did, just a few years earlier.

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Bonney Wrenches - Pre-CV

Bonney Wrenches - The Bon-E-Con Era

Bonney Wrenches - The Bonaloy Era

Image Description: 

This is a small set of offset box wrenches. They are very well made. Although the bag is age-damaged, it still shows some of the Bonney logo. Based on the code on the 5/8 - 11/16 wrench of C.Y., the set would be dated March, 1947.

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Bonney Wrenches - The CV Era

Bonney Angle Wrench 3725 "Patent Applied For"

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192609
Wrench Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
3725
Date Code: 
IR
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney CV Obstruction Wrench 2725B

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192909
Wrench Image: 
Wrench Reverse Side Image: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
2725B
Date Code: 
IU
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney DOE Wrench 1731A

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
193701
Wrench Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
1731A
Date Code: 
AO
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney DOE Wrench 723-A

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192110 - This wrench is stamped 1/4 U.S.S. and 5/16 OC on one head, and 3/16 OC on the opposing head. Date code on the shank is JM, indicating October, 1921.
Wrench Image: 
Wrench Reverse Side Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
723-A
Date Code: 
JM
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney Tappet Wrench 402A

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192505
Wrench Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
402A
Date Code: 
EQ
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney Tappet Wrench 403

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192201
Wrench Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
403
Date Code: 
AN
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney Tappet Wrench 404

Wrench Brand: 
Additional Information: 
192903
Wrench Image: 
Wrench Reverse Side Image: 
Brand Name Stamp: 
Stampings - Picture 2: 
Wrench Manufacturer: 
Manufacturer IS Guess: 
NO
Model: 
404
Date Code: 
CU
Year Produced: 
Year Produced is Estimate: 
NO
Size - Large End: 
Size - Small End: 
Wrench Overall Length: 
Production Begin Year: 
Production Begin IS Estimate: 
YES
Production End Year: 
Production End IS Estimate: 
YES

Bonney Pre-Date Code Tools

This section will present examples of Bonney Forge & Tool products that predate their date code system (Pre-1921).

Image Description: 

This Alligator style wrench appears in the 1886 Bonney Vise & Tool catalog, and is referred to as the "Always Ready Wrench." Reference Page 19 of the 1886 Catalog. This wrench still appears in catalogs as late as 1919, see page 44 of the 1919 catalog.

Image: 
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The "Bonneys" Hollow Auger. In 1877, C.S. Bonney patented an improved Hollow Auger, whose manufacturer is also unknown to DATAMP but whose assignee is Lloyd, Supplee & Walton of Philadelphia, PA. According to the website Yesteryears Tools, Lloyd, Supplee & Walton existed from 1867 to 1889. Yesteryear's Tools also notes that Lloyd, Supplee & Walton produced the Bonney patented Hollow Auger. This is the first patent granted to C.S. Bonney with an identified assignee.

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This write-up on the Hollow Auger is from Hardware - Volume 21 - 1900.

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Bonney Refrigeration Tools

Bonney Specialty Tools

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Bonney P31 Body File

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Bonney P305 Puller - Triangle Era

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This is a "S" handle 5/8" square drive tool. It is 7" long and the handle is S shaped and 6" long.

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Utica - Bonney Tools

Utica Tools (Division of Kelsey-Hayes Corporation) purchased Bonney in 1964. Three companies, Bonney, Utica and Herbrand, shared one of the largest factories of the time in Orangeburg, South Carolina until 1967 when the Triangle Corporation purchased all three companies.

Utica - Bonney (Triangle Tools Era)

These tools date after 1967.

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Utica - Bonney 46-4k Diagonal Cutters. These pliers are just a hair over 4 inches long.

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Utica - Bonney 517-5 Groove Joint Adjustable Pliers. These pliers are just a hair over 5 inches long.

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Utica - Bonney 21 - 4 1/2 Round Nose Wire Looping Pliers. These Pliers are just a hair over 4 1/2" long.

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Utica - Bonney (Utica Era)

These tools date from 1964 to 1967 when Triangle tools purchased Bonney, along with Utica and Herbrand.

Bonney Logo Stamp Timeline

This view allows you to browse the Bonney logo stamps through time.  The best information comes from those stamped with a date code but we do our best to estimate production dates where no date stamp exists.  In the June 1909 edition of the Automobile Trade Directory, Bonney is listed under the catagory "Wrenches - Nut & Bolt."  They are not listed under that catagory in the January, 1908 Edition, nor are they listed in the October, 1908 Edition.  Based on this evidence, we are estimating that Bonney began producing Wrenches (hand / nut and bolt wrenches, not pipe wrenches) in 1909, closely corresponding to their move to the Allentown, PA location.

Date Code indicators discovered thus far:

The following represents the unique marking - Timeframe for obsolescence.

Bonney B-Shield on the wrench shaft - Early 1925
B-Shield embedded Bonney Logo - Sometime in 1931
"Made in U.S.A." switch to "U.S.A." - Mid 1946 - Early 1947
Two alpha date code system - Late 1961 - 1962

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